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Humphrey Marshall

1670 - 1728

Father Humphrey Marshall
Mother Hannah
Wife Isaballa Alderson
Children John, Elizabeth, Elizabeth, Mary


Humphrey was born in Gratton in 1670, the son of Humphrey and Hannah, and baptised at All Saints, Youlgreave, on 24th July 1670 (1). He had four older sisters (Hannah, Mary, Sarah and Abigail), and an older brother John (2). His brother Abraham was born about 1672, followed by Samuel in 1676 (4). His father died when he was 13 (5).

Humphrey worked as a stone mason (13)(16). He married Isabella Alderson in Youlgreave in 1697(6), and they lived in Gratton (7)(8)(9)(10)(11)(12)(13)(15). There is no record of them having a child until almost six years later, when their son John was born (7), but this would have been quite extraordinary at the time, so its likely that they had earlier children, but that no record of the baptisms survive. They had a daughter Elizabeth in 1706 (8), but she only survived for a few days (9), so when they had another daughter in 1708, she was also named Elizabeth (10). Their youngest daughter Mary was born in 1710 (11). Elizabeth died in 1719 (17).

Humphrey died in 1728, and was buried in Youlgreave on 1st February (12). An inventory (13) of his possessions was taken a few days later which paints a picture of a fairly humble lifestyle, but by no means one of poverty. His wife survived him and was granted probate of his estate (14). She lived for another 16 years (15).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. The Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave (Transcription by Val Neal) lists the baptism of Humphrey, son of Humphrey Marshall and An his wife, of Gratton, on 24th July 1670.
  2. See his parents' pages for more information
  3. Abraham's baptism does not appear in the parish register. However his approximate date of birth can be estimated. He emigrated to America where he lived to well into his nineties. A few years after his death, his son Humphrey wanted to find just how old his father really had been, and endeavoured to find his date of birth. A friend of his was in England in 1771, and he visited Gratton to try and find out. Letters written at the time (16) show that the parish registers had been unsuccesfully checked back then. However it was apparently known that he was two years younger than his older brother Humphrey. A mistake was made at the time, when an entry was found in the parish register for the baptism of Humphrey in 1667, and it was thus assumed that Abraham was born about 1669. However the Humphrey baptised in 1667 only lived for about 3 months (3), so when his parents had another son in 1670, they also called him Humphrey. This would be the brother who was two years older than Abraham, thus putting Abraham's date of birth at about 1672.
  4. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1676] Gratton: Bapt Samuel fil Humph: et Hanna Marshall Dec 21
  5. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    Gratton: Buried Humphrey Marshall January 27th 1683*
    * Note: The date is from the Julian calendar, so for 1683, read 1684. See note in glossary.
  6. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    Gratton: Nupt Humphery Marshall & Isabella Alderson November the 15th day [1697]
  7. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1703, November] Gratton: Bapd John the son of Humphry & Issabellah Marshall the 2d day
  8. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [October 1706] Gratton: Bapd Elizabeth Daughter of Humphrey & Issabell Marshall ye 21st
  9. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1706] Gratton: Buried Elizabeth Daughter of Humphrey & Issabel Marshall October ye 27th
  10. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [February 1708] Gratton: Bapd Elizabeth daughter of Humphrey & Issabell Marshall ye 23d
  11. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1710] Gratton: Bapd Mary daughter of Humphrey & Isabel Marshall ye 23: No:
  12. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [Burials, 1728] Gratton: Humphry Marshall Feb 1
  13. Inventory of Humphrey Marshall (ref: B/C/11/Humphrey Marshall, Youlgreave, 1728 @ LRO) reads:
    Febry 6th 1727 *
    A True & perfect Inventory of all the Goods
    Cattle & Chattels of Humphrey Marshal of Gratton
    Mason Lately Deceased
        s   d
    Imps His purse & apparel 1:10:0
    Item - In the House 
      2 Old Beds & Bedding 1: 5: 0
      Some Linnen 0: 5: 0
      A Chest of Drawers 0:16:0
      pewter & Brass 1: 0: 0
      An Iron Grate Fire Shovel & Tongs 0:12:0
      A Little Table & Dresser 0: 6: 0
      one [Seal] & [Cotter] 0: 8: 0
    Item Two Cows 2 Stocks & one Calve10:1:6
      [Fiv] sheep 3: 0: 0
      An old Mare 1:10:0
      Some & Working [Torts] 0:15:0
                                                     Total21:12:6
    Appsd
          John Sheldon
          Solyman Sheldon

    * Note: The date is from the Julian calendar, so for 1727, read 1728. See note in glossary.
  14. Probate of the estate of Humphrey Marshall (ref: B/C/11/Humphrey Marshall, Youlgreave, 1728 @ LRO) roughly says (in latin) that:
    Isabella Marshall, widow of Humphrey Marshall, of the parish of Youlgreave, was granted letters of administration of his estate, at Chesterfield, on 3rd October 1728.
  15. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [August 1744] Gratton: Buried Isabel Marshall Widow       The 15
  16. "Memorials of John Bartram and Humphry Marshall" by William Darlington, Philadelphia, 1849, pp524-526 contains a copy of a letter to Humphrey Marshall, the American botanist, dated 14th August 1771, from John Marshall of Gratton. In it he says
    "Cousin Humphry
    I not hearing of your family, of a great number of years, expected I should never have heard of you more; nr had not now, but my Mr Storrs' inquiry after your father's age, and whether any of his family or relations were living. I John Marshall, am all the nephew your father hath living, and live in a hamlet called Gratton, in the parsish of Youlgreave, and in the county of Derbyshire: that is, I live in the same hamlet where my uncle Abram was born, and all his brothers. His brother's names were Humphry, Samuel, and John Marshall. My father, Humphry, died when he was about sixty years of age, was a stone cutter, or what we call a mason, and I learned the same trade with my father, and still follow it. I am now in the sixty-eigth year of my age, and have eight children now living, five sons and three daughters.
    Dear Cousin, if these lines come safe to you, which I hope they will, I beg you will be so kind, as sonn as you conveniently can, as to send me a few lines of the number and welfare of your family: for you see, by my age, that my glass runs apace, and I must expect soon to be called hence; but should be glad, if God permit, to hear from you before I die. May the blessing of God attend you, and all your family, and all your undertakings.
    This from your loving cousin
    John Marshall"

    This letter was accompanied by one from the above mentioned Joseph Storrs of Chesterfield, dated 28th August 1771, which says
    "Friend Marshall
    Thy letter to my father came duly to hand; agreeably whereto, I have made some enquiry about they father's age, and thy relations, as follows:- Humphry Marshall, the eldest brother of Abram, was born and registered at Youlgreave, in the year 1667. Abram was the next son, and two years younger, according to thy cousin John's account, but is not to be found in the register. As they were often without a parson, the register was neglected. His sister Sarah married one Wilson, and hath one daughter living, called Sarah. I don't hear of any more of the relations, except John, the writer of the annexed letter, who lives very reputably, and I believe is a sober, religiou man (of the Church of England). His children have all done well.
    One of Humphry's brothers died a friend, at Aldwark, and was buried at Monyash, in this county. Others were most convinced, but not so as to be joined to Friends. This is what intelligence I have procured, and hope will be satisfactory.
    Gratton and Youlgreave are about thirteen miles from this place.
    I remain thy friend
    Joseph Storrs"
  17. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1719] Gratton: Buried Elix: D of Humphery Marshall Feb ye 13th



Notes:

Confirm the baptism of Humphrey Marshall on 24/7/1670 in PR (note that PR from this era is difficult to read on film, so will have to confirm in original).


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