<< Back to Ahnentafel list

Richard de Cornwall

circa 1313 - 1343

Father Geoffrey de Cornwall
Mother Margaret de Mortimer
Wife Sibyl de Botringham
Children Geoffrey


Richard was born about 1313, the eldest son of Geoffrey and Margaret (1). He definitely had a younger brother Geoffrey (2), and its possible that there was another brother John (3), and sisters Joan and Matilda (4).

He married Sibyl de Botringham (or Bodrigan), sometime before 1335 (5).

His father died around May 1335 (6)(7)(8), shortly before the birth of his son Geoffrey in September (9). He was granted his father's moiety of the hundred of Overes, Shropshire in the November (10), but he would never inherit the entire estate because his mother outlived him.

His mother remarried, to William de Everois, fairly soon after his father's death, but her second marriage didn't last long before her second husband also died (11)(12).

Richard died on 6th October 1343 (13)(14)

His wife lived another 5 years, dying on 23rd May 1349 (16)


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. His date of birth can only be estimated, because there are conflicting statements of his age. Following his father's death an inquisition post mortem concerning lands in Worcester dated 6th July 1335 states that he was 22 at the feast of the Holy Trinity last (7). Holy Trinity is a moveable feast, based on the date of Easter, so this wouldn't have been considered his "birthday". That year it fell on 11th June, so the implication is that he was born on 11th June 1313. Another inquisition held in October the same year, concerning lands in Essex, claimed he was 23 or more (8). If his birthday was in June, his age would have been the same at both inquisitions, whereas, his age increasing implies his birthday fell between July and October - the dates of the inquisitions. Inquisition following the death of his stepfather held in 1337, confuse the date even more - one from April claiming that he was 22 or more teh previous All Saints day, thus making his date of birth 1st November 1314, whilst another the following month claimed he was 23 (11). The range is between 1312 and 1314.
  2. Geoffrey must have been younger than Richard, as Richard was heir to their father. Geoffrey was named in a commission of oyer and terminer in 1358 (15), and also in the IPM of his nephew Geoffrey, Richard's son (see his nephew's page).
  3. I have not found any evidence that John was the son of Richard, but it is asserted that he was in Complete Peerage, vol V page 253, and also in "The House of Cornwall", Liverpool and Reade, 1908.
  4. I have not found any evidence that Joan and Matilda were the daughters of Richard, but it asserted that they were in "The House of Cornwall", Liverpool and Reade, 1908.
  5. No mention of her dated prior to Richard's death (14) has been found, but his eldest son Geoffrey was named as her heir (16), so they must have married before 1335.
  6. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol IV, Edward III, 1327-1337", 1913, page 443, lists:
    June 1 1335. Order to Adam de Wyleby, escheator in the counties of Hereford, Gloucester, Worcester, Salop and Stafford, and the march of Wales adjacent, to take into the king's hand the lands late of Geoffrey de Cornubia, deceased, tenant in chief.
    The like to Robert de Holewell, escheator in the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridge, Huntingdon, Essex and Hertford.
    The like to Ralph de Middelneye, escheator in the counties of Somerset, Dorest, Cornwall and Devon.
  7. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol VII, Edward III", 1909, entry no. 715, states:
    GEOFFREY DE CORNUBIA
    Writ 1 June, 9 Edward III.
    WORCESTER. Inq 6 July, 9 Edward III.
          Homme Castell. A quarter of the manor, held of the inheritence of Margaret his wife; which manor is held of the king in chief of parcel of the barony of Borford, for a quarter of a knight's fee. He held no lands in fee &c in the county.
          Richard his son, aged 22 years at the feast of the Holy Trinity last, is his next heir.
    SALOP. Inq 26 June, 9 Edward III.
          Overes. A moiety of the hundred, held to himself and his heirs at fee farm, of the grant of King Edward II, by his charter, rendering 6s 8d yearly at the king's exchequer. He held no ther lands &c in fee in the county.
          Burford and Stapelton. The manors, and the other moiety of the hundred of Overes, held jointly by the said Geoffrey and Margaret his wife, of the gift of Joan late the wife of Richard de Cornubia, who enfoeffed them thereof, by the king's license, by fine levied in the king's court, to hold to them and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Geoffrey, of the king in chief by barony, viz - by service of a knight's fee and a quarter.
          Heir as above.
                                                                                                    E. Inq. p.m. File 8 (14)
  8. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol VII, Edward III", 1909, entry no. 658, states:
    GEOFFREY DE CORNUBIA or DE CORNEWAYLE
    Writ 1 June, 9 Edward III.
    ESSEX. Inq 2 October, 9 Edward III.
          Ambirden in Dependen. The manor (extent given), held jointly with Margaret his wife, of the king in chief, as of the honour of Peverel, by service of half a knight's fee, of the gift of John de Cornewayle, by fine levied in the king's court, to hold to them and the heirs of their bodies.
          Richard his son, aged 23 years and more, is his next heir.
                                                                                                    C. Edw. III. File 42 (12)
  9. Geoffrey exact date of birth is known from a proof of age taken to enable him to inherit his father's lands. See his page.
  10. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol IV, Edward III, 1327-1337", 1913, page 463, lists:
    Nov 3 1335. Order to Adam de Wyleby, escheator in the counties of Hereford, Gloucester, Worcester, Salop and Stafford, and the march of Wales adjacent, - pursuant to an inquisition made by him shewing that Geoffrey de Cornubia held in his demesne as of fee in chief a moiety of the hundred of Overes, co Salop, at fee farm, by the service of paying 6s 8d yearly at the Exchequer, of the grant of Edward II, and that he held no other lands in his demesne as of fee, and that Richard de Cornubia, his son, is his next heir and of full age, - to deliver to Richard the said moiety, he having done fealty.
  11. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol VIII, Edward III", entry no. 111, states:
    WILLIAM DE EVEROIS, DE EVEROS, or DE EVERYES.
    Writ, 6 March 11 Edw III
    ESSEX. Inq 14 March, 11 Edward III.
          Amberden in Dependen. The manor held jointly with Margaret his wife, who still survives, of the king in chief, as of the honour of Peverell, by service of half a knight's fee, of the grant of John de Cornowayle, to hold for the said Margaret's life, by fine levied in the king's court.
                Heir unknown.
    SALOP. Inq 12 April, 11 Edward III
          Neothere Heyton. The manor held of Joan, late the wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, late earl of March, by service of a fifth part of a knight's fee.
                William, his son, aged 22 years and more on the feast of All Saints last, in his next heir.
    HEREFORD. Inq, 2 April, 11 Edward III.
          Hommelacy and Stokelaci. The manors, and two parts of the manor of Frome Haymund, with the reversion of dower when it shall happen, and a weir in the Wye, held jointly with Margaret his wife, who survives, and the heirs of the said William, in chief of Joan, late the wife of Rober de Mortuo Mari, sometime earl of March, by service of a knight's fee and a half. The said weir is held in chief of John de Homme by service of a rose yearly.
          Launton. A messuage and two caracutes of land, held of the aforesaid Joan by service of a sixth part of a kinght's fee.
                Heir as above, aged 22 years and more.
    Writ of certiorari to the escheator, because the king is now given to understand on behalf of the abovesaid Margaret that Geoffrey de Cornubia, deceased, sometime her husband, held jointly with her on the day he died, the manor of Amberden, co Essex, and the manors of Boreford and Stepelton, co Salop, by the grant of Joan, late the wife of Richard de Cornubia, by fine levied in the court of King Edward II, with his license to hold to the said Geoffrey and Margaret and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Geoffrey, of the said king and his heirs forever; that the said Margaret continued her seisin with the said Geoffrey, until his death, and afterwards with the said William de Evereys, until his death; and the said William had no estate in the said manors except as husband of the said Margaret, who has prayed the king to remove his hand from the said manors, which by reason of the death of the said William have been taken into the king's hand; the escheator is to make enquiry &c. 13 May 11 Edward III.
    ESSEX. Inq 20 May, 11 Edward III.
    Amberden. The said Geoffrey and Margaret, who survives, held the manor as abovesaid, as is more fully contained in the king's charter shown by the said Margaret, and she continued her seisin with the said Geoffrey, and William, as abovesaid. She and her ancestors were seisied (thereof) time out of mind, and the manor is held of the king in chief, as of the honour pf Peverell, by service of half a knight's fee.
                Richard de Cornuaill, aged 23 years, is son of the said Geoffrey and heir of the manor aforesaid. Heir of William de Everois, unknown.
    SALOP. Inq 19 May, 11 Edward III.
          Bereford and Stepelton. The said Geoffrey and Margaret, who survives, held the manors, and the said Margaret continued her seisin as abovesaid. She and her ancestors were seisied thereof time out of mind, and they are held of the king in chief by service of a knight's fee.
                Heir as last above. Heir of the said William, unknown.                                                                                                 C. Edw. II. File 50 (22)
  12. "Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, 1337-1339", 1900, page 151, lists:
    July 28 1337. To William Trussel, esheator this side Trent. Order to deliver the manors of Amberden, co Essex, Bereford and Stepelden, togerther with the issues thereof, to Margaret, late the wife of William de Evereys, and not to intermeddle further with the manors of Hommelacy, Stokelacy, two parts of the manor of From Haymund with reversion of dower, and a weir in Waya, co Hereford, restoring the issues thereof to Margaret, because on it being found by inquisition taken by the escheator that William and Margaret, at Williams death held the manor of Amberden of the grant of John [(sic - Joan)] de Cornwail, by a fine levied in the king's court, and the manors of Hommelacy and Skoelacy, the two parts and weir for Margaret's life, and that the manor of Amberden is held in chief, as of the honour of Peverell, by the service of half a knight's fee and the other manors, two parts and weir are held of others, and that William held no other lands in chief as of the crown at his death, and afterwards, at the suit of Margaret, showing that Geoffrey de Cornubia, formerly her husband, and she held jointly the manor of Amberden and the manors of Bereford and Stepelton, co Salop, by the grant of Joan, late the wife of Richard de Cornubia, by a fine levied in the late king's court by his license, for themselves and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder to the right heirs of Geoffrey, and William de Evereys had no other estate there except as Margaret's husband, and Margaret beseeching the king to cause his hand to be amoved from the manors, he ordered the escheator to take an inquisition upon the premises, by which it is found that Geoffrey and Margaret held the manors jointly of Joan's grant as aforesaid, and that the manors are held in chief, and that Richard de Cornewaill, son of Geoffrey, is his next heir and of full age.
  13. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol V, Edward III, 1337-1347", 1915, page 324, lists:
    Oct 24 1343. The like to the same [order to an escheator to take lands into the king's hands] touching the lands late of Richard son of Geoffrey de Cornubia.
    The like to Thomas de Bukton, escheator in the county of Northampton.
  14. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol VIII, Edward III", entry no. 461, states:
    RICHARD SON OF GEOFFREY DE CORNUBIA
    Writ 24 October, 17 Edward III.
    NORTHAMPTON, Inq taken at Daventre, 30 October, 17 Edward III.
          Throp. The manor (extent given), held as of fee of Chokes by service of two parts of a moiety of a knight's fee, and five messuages and five virgates of land in Norton (extent given), which contain a moiety of the manor of Norton, held jointly with Sibyl his wife, by the grant of Geoffrey de Cornewaylle and Margaret his wife,......, by virtue of a certain fine levied in the king's court at York in 2 Edward III, to hold the said manor and its appurtenances to the said Richard and Sibyl and the heirs of their bodies, of the said Geoffrey and Margaret, and the heirs of the said Geoffrey, for ever, rendering yearly to the said Geoffrey and Margaret, for the lifetime of the said Geoffrey, 40 sterling, and to the heirs of the said Geoffrey a rose yearly, for all services &c with reversion of the said manor, and the messuages and land in Norton, in default of issue of the said Richard and Sibyl, to the said Geoffrey and Margaret and the heirs of the said Geoffrey, quit of other heirs of the said Richard and Sibyl, to be held of the chief lords of that fee, by the services thereto belonging, for ever.
          Norton. The other moiety of the manor (extent given), held, by the grant of Joan, late the wife of Richard de Cornubia, to the said Richard and the heirs of his body, of the said Joan and her heirs by the service of a rose yearly, by virtue of a fine levied in the king's court at Westminster in 10 Edward II. He held no other lands &c.
                He died on Monday next before St Denis last. Geoffrey his son, aged ... years at the feast of the nativity of the Blessed Mary last, is his next heir.                                                                                                 C. Edw. III. File 69 (24)
  15. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, Vol XI, 1358-1361", 1911, page 160, lists:
    Nov 10 1358. [Commission of oyer and terminer] to Ralph, earl of Stafford, William de Shareshull, Robert Corbet of Morton, Richard de la Bere and Robert de Wyghthull, on complaint by Reynold de la Mare, 'chivaler', that Geoffrey son of Richard de Cornewayll, William son of Peter Corbet, Geoffrey son of Geoffrey de Cornewayll, knight (militis), William de Bereford, Thomas de Longeley, William de Spiritre, Richard his son, John de Rowell 'clerk, and many others of their confederacy, arrayed as for war, of ancient malice planning to do him such bodily injury as they could, came to Greote, co Salop, assaulted him in the church of that town where he then was and would have drawn him from the church to kill him, afterwards besieged him long in the said church, imprisoned there his bondman and servant Reynold Waties, deputed by him to have hislands in divers places tilled and make other profit for him, brought the said Reynold thence and kept him long time with them imprisoned. For 30s paid in the hanaper.
  16. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol IX, Edward III", 1916, entry no. 175, states:
    SIBYL DE CORNUBIA or DE CORNEWAILLE
    Writ 1 June, 23 Edward III.
    NORTHAMPTON. Inq taken at Daventre, 10 June, 23 Edward III.
          She held nothing of the king in chief in the county on the day she died, because on Monday after SS Tiburtius and Valerian, 21 Edward III, she gave by deed the manor of Throp by Daventre (extent given) and a moiety of the manor of Norton and two messuages and two virgates of land there to John de Botryngham, her brother, and John de Vyelston, in survivorship, to hold of her and her heirs by service of a pair of gloves, price 1d, and doing to the chief lords the services due; after which deed she never took any estate from the said John and John, nor was ever afterwards seised. The manor of Throp is held of Sir John de Molynes in chief as of the fee of Chokes; and the moiety of the capital messuage of the manor of Norton and two messuages and two virgates of land are held of Sir Thomas de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick.
          She died on Saturday after the Ascension last. Geoffrey de Cornwaille, aged 13 years, in the wardship of the said earl, is her heir.
    Writ, 1 June, 23 Edward III.
    BUCKINGHAM. Inq taken at Evere, the day of St Thomas the Apostle, 23 Edward III.
          Evere. A messuage, 120 a land, 29a meadow, 2a pasture and 63 s rent of free tenants, held for l ife, of the feoffment of Geoffrey de Cornewaill, to Richard de Cornwaill and the said Sibyl and the heirs of the said Richard, now deceased; which Richard held the said lands &c of Ralph de Nevill, as of his manor of Evere, by homage and fealty and service of 12s tearly and a moiety of a knight's fee; a moiety of a virgate of land held in the same form by the same feoffment, of John atte Ford, by fealty and service of 6s 9d.
          She died on Friday after St Dunstan last. Geoffrey, son of the said Richard and Sibyl, aged 14 years, is her heir.
    Letter of attorney of Thomas Frembaud, escheator in co Buckingham, appointing Robert de Hadham, escheator of the king's chamber. his deputy to make execution of a writ of diem clausit extremum directed to him touching the death of Sibyl de Cornewaill; London Wednesday the feast of St Martin, 23 Edward III.                                                                                                 C. Edw. III. File 95 (5)



Notes:


Home