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Mary Birds

circa 1640 - 1701

Father Thomas Birds
Mother Elizabeth Ridiard
Husband Francis White
Children Francis, Thomas, Sarah


Mary was probably born in Elton in the late 1630s or early 1640s and then moved to Youlgreave as a child (1). She was mentioned in the will of her grandfather Francis Birds in 1655 (2). Her mother died in 1659 (3).

She married Francis White of Sheldon on 21st September 1666 at All Saints, Youlgreave (4). Its not known where they lived immediately after marriage, but at Christmas the following year, in a marriage settlement, her father-in-law granted them a cottage and some land in Monyash which had previously belonged to Francis's uncle. (5).

Mary is mentioned in a surrender of 1678, when her husband's parents' old home is surrendered back to the lord of the manor (6), and it is also believed that her mother-in-law moved in with them about this time.

In 1691 Mary is mentioned in paperwork concerning the eviction of Francis and his family from their home in Monyash (7). They moved the few hundred yards or so into Flagg, which is presumably where Mary died in 1701. She was buried in Monyash on 3rd March (8).

Only three children are known of. Thomas was born in 1674 (9) and Sarah in 1683 (10). She also had a son Francis (11), but his birth date isn't known.


Brief details of her children:



Sources:

  1. See her parent's pages for more information, but in brief, they were married in 1628, and are believed to have lived in Elton between then and about 1642. Elton Parish Registers for that period do not survive. Judging by the date of her marriage and of her children's births, she was likely born towards the end of the period that her parents were in Elton.
  2. Contemporary PCC probate copy of the will of Francis Bird, late of Youlgrave dated 1655, proved 1657 reads:
    In the name of God Amen
    The Eighteenth Daie of June in the yeare of out Lord accor-
    -ding to the English accomp.. One Thousand Six hundred Fifty
    Five I Francis Bird Late of Yollowgreave in the County of Darbie
    Yeoman being of good and perfect health and of sound Mind & perfect
    Memorie, Praised be God for the same, doe declare and make this my last
    will and testament in Manner and forme following. First and principalie
    I bequeath and Commend my soule to Almighty God my creator, Jesus
    Christ my redeemer, and the holie ghost my Comforter. And my Bodie
    to the Earth to be buried in the Chancell at Yollowgrave aforesaid (as
    nere unto the place where Clemens my beloved wife was interred as Conve-
    -nientlie may be. Also I give and bequeath unto Thomas Bird
    My Sonne ye Indenture of Lease And all ye Messuage houses and
    Lands therein Conteyned Lying & being in Yollowgreave aforesaid which
    I tooke of Nicholas Gilbert Esquire for & dureing All ye Time & Terme
    that I have therein. Also I give and bequeath unto Jane Wife of
    Francis Hawksley Dorothy wife of John Ashton, And to my Grandchildren
    Walberg Pott and Marie Pott everie one of them Tenne pounds of Current
    Monie of England. Also I give and bequeath unto my Grandchild and
    Godsonne Francis Bird Sonne of ye said Thomas Bird Five pounds of
    Lawfull Monie of England, To be paid to him when he shall accomplish his
    age of Twentie & one yeares. Also I give and bequeath unto my Grandchildren
    Francis Hawksley sonne of my Daughter Jane, Anne [Wamsley], Elizabeth
    Twigge Children of my Daughter Elizabeth; Francis Pott Clement Pott
    John Pott, Percival Pott, And to everie other Child of my Daughter Maries
    Charles Ashton Clement Ashton [Anne Ashton] John Ashton Dorothy Ashton
    & Francis Ashton, Children of my daughter Dorothy; Clement Bird
    Elizabeth Bird, Anne Bird, Tho: Bird, Marie Bird, John Bird
    Katherine Bird Children of my sonne Tho: Bird, And to my Grandchild
    John [.t.ricks], To everie one of my said grandchildren Five pounds of Lawfull
    Monie of England. I give & bequeath to the poore of Yollowgreave Fortie
    Shillings To be distributed amongst them at the discrecon of my Executor. I
    Give & bequeath unto ye Ringers at my Buriall Tenne Shillings. Also after
    that my Debts Legacies and Funerall Expences bin discharged and paid, All
    the rest of my goods Cattle,s Chattles, Monie, and Debts unbequeathed I
    give and bequeath unto the said Thomas Bird my sonne whom I constitue
    Nominate and appoint sole executor of this my last will and Testament hope-
    -ing he will ..enelie and justlie performe the .... And I desire my loveing
    Sonne in Lawes John Pott Clerk, John Ashton and Raph Twigg to be
    Overseers hereof, And for their paines therein I give unto everit one of
    them Twentie Shillings of Currant Monie of England. And hereby I re-
    -nounce Repeall ...... and F...... all former wills Legacies and Bequeaths
    whatsoever. In Testimony whereof I have heeunto put my hand & Seale
    The daie and yeare first above written. Francis Bird ... These
    being witnesses George Samuel, Robert roberts, George Goodwin
    [snr]
    This will was proved at London The sixth
    day of May in the years One Thousand six hundred Fifty seaven
    Before the Judges for Probat of wills and granting Administracon
    Lawfullie authorised. By the oath of Thomas Bird the sonne and
    sole executor named therein. To whom was grannted Administracon of
    all and singular the goods Chattels and Debts of the said deceased. He
    being by Comm..ss. first sworn truelie to Administer ye same.
  3. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1659] Yolgrave Buried Elizabeth ye wife of Thomas Birds [.....]
  4. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1666] Franciscus White et Maria Birds Nupti Sept 21
  5. A conveyance held in Sheffield Archives has the following catalogue entry:
    FILE - Conveyance - ref. CM/276 - date: 26 Dec 1667
    Raph White of Sheldon (co. Derby) to Francis Whyte of Moniash (same co.) son and heir of Raph. Messuages etc. in Monyash and Flagg. Derbyshire for 200, in consideration of a marriage had between Francis and Mary daughter of Thomas Bridg, late of Youlegrave, deceased.
    My transcription of it reads:
    This indenture Made the five & twenith day of December in the Nynteenth yeare of the raigne of our sovraign Lord Charles the second by the grace of God of England Scotland France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith or Ano[..] Dm 1667 Betweene Raph White of Sheldon in the County of Derbie yeoman of the one [PART] And Francis Whyte of Monniash in the said County son and heire apparent of the said Raph White of the other [PART] Witnesseth That the said Raph White for & in Consideracon of the some of Two hundred ~~~~~~~ Pounds of [......] English money to him paid by the said Francis White at & before the [ensealing] and [del....] of [these .....] the [....] whereof the said Raph Whyte hereby [ac......... & ..... .. & c... ... ..... th...] doth [.. ..... .......] discharge the said Francis White his heirs [....] & administrators & [...] of him for ever by [cha.. .... ... .... for] & in Consideracon [......] of the [gr... ......] naturall [affeccon] [....] the said Raph White hath [....th] towards the said Francis as also [....] & in Consideracon of a marriage already had & solemnized by & betweene him the said Francis White of the one [PART] and Mary [Birds] daughter of Thomas [Birds] late of Youlgreave in the said County [......] of the other [PART] & for [conveying] & [.......] of a [com....... .......... inencoynant ...... ....] the said Francis & Mary his now wife for [their .......] & for [other .... causes] & valuable considerations [h...] hereunto [...... ...] the said Raph White hath Given granted bargayned sould [asigned c......] & confirmed And [in] & by these [intents] doth fully [ch...... .......] absolutely [....] grant bargayne sell asigne [......] & confirm unto the said Francis White his heirs & assignes for ever All that his messuage & tenam~ [....] the [APPURTENANCE] scituate lying & being [....] the towne feilds libties & [........] of Moniash aforsaid & Flagg or eyther of them & whereof Francis White late of Moniashe aforesaid deceased brother of the said Raph was seized at the tyme of his decease And all houses edifice barnes buildings cottage and houses foulde yards [.......... ..........] Stables [tofts] crofts [ba....... meadows ......] pastures [......] woods under woods comons comon or pasture & [turhair .......] libties profits [com.......] & [hereditaments unto the] said messuage & tenement belonginge in any wise apatttayneing with their & [anie] of their rights [members] and [apatenure] & now or later in the [tenure] or occupacon of the said Francis White [Joseph Goodwin] or of their or some of their assignes or under tenants ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ And the [...con] & [...cons] remaynder & remaynders [.... .......] yearely profits [..... .. ..] all and singuler the [premisses:] And all the effects right [tyths] Intrest propety charges demands whatsoever of him the said Raph White or wich hee hath may might could should or [of right] ought to have of want of or [to] the same or [aynie pate] or [pacell thereof] And [.......] charters [writinngs receipts] & [munim....] touching or [concidering] the [premisses] or [anie pate] or pacell thereof [wech] the said Raph White now hath or can or may come by [with ane .... in ....] To have & to hold the said messuage & tenemt houses edifices barnes buildings cottags lands tenaments and hereditaments [at] all & singular the premisses [with ....] & [.... of] their rights members and [applemits] unto the said Francis White his heirs and assignes for ever To the [onely ...] and [behoofs] of him the said Francis White his heirs and assignes for ever To be held of the [....] land or lands of the [Fer] or [Fers] thereof by the [rents] & [service] therefore first [....] & of right [accu......] And the said Raph White & his heirs the [....] the said messuage & [..... .. ... .....] cottags barnes buildings lands tenements heraditaments [...... with] their [axplemice] unto the said Francis White & his heirs against him the said Raph White & [h...] [hence] & agaynst all [or anie] other pson & psons & [.aym...] by through from or [.....] him them or anie of them or by his or [their act] or [.........] shall & with warrant upphold & for ever defend by theise [.....] And the said Raph White for himself his heirs exec & Administrators doth [covent] promise & grant to & with the said Francis White his heirs & assignes by these prsente that he the said Raph White [for & ...... ....... .... ....] mater or thinge by him don or to bee don to the contrary now is the [sole] & [true] owner & inheritor of the said messuages & tenemt lands [tents] hereditamts & [.....] & [hath] in himself full [power .....] right & lawfull authority to [give grant] bargayne convey & [ass...] the saime unto the said Francis White & his heirs to the use aforesaid And ye the said Francis White his heirs & assignes for ever heerrafter shall or lawfully may [q...tly] and [peaceably] have hold occupye possesse and enjoy the said messuage and tenemt houses edifices barnes buildings lands Tenemts heraditaments [... ........] to their [.........] according to the true Intent & meaneing by these present absolutely [fixed] and [discharged or uppon] reasonable request well & sufficiently [salve] and [kept Barmlesse] and undamnifide by the said Raph White his heirs execs or Administrators or some of them of and from all & all [mam] of former & [other] bargaynes sales leases wills grants [.......... ..writs] mourgages fynes forfeytures [amoiaments] bonds debts uppon [......] debts and duties [to the king] statute marchaent and of the [stools .... ..... in...... ex....... ...... .... ... ....... .....] rents charges rents [..... .....ags ........ mayn....] issues [...... ...... ...on] and of and from [...] other [......] tythes chargs troubles & [Encumberance whatsoever hi.... .... ... ...... knowledge] or executed by the said Raph White and other pson or psons claymenge by through from or [unto] him The theise rents & [......] from henceforth to [.... ... .. eyether of .... .. ... .. ...... Fer or Fers] [th.....] and [s... right] & [witness .. ... .... ....... .. Margarett .. ... ... .......... .......] hath [....... her life onely ex........] for [........] And [..] said Raph White for him his heirs execs & administrators [.... covent promise] & grant [to] & [.... ......] Francis White his heirs & assignes That he the said Raph White & his heirs ~~~ shall [& with at] all & evrie tyme & tymes herafter at the request [..... & charge] of he the said Francis White his heirs & assignes [make seale ....] acknowledge [..... .....] & execute & cause & [.....] to be [... don] acknowledged [suffered] & executed [..] the said Francis White his heirs & assignes all & evrie [...] lawfull & reasonable act & acts thing & things [conveyance & ass........] in the [land ....... with] by the said Francis White his heirs or assignes or any of them [or] by his or their [co...... ..... ... the law for] to further & latter [assureing] of the said messuage & [tente] lands tenements & hereditaments aforesaid [...] their [.......] to him the said Francis White his heirs & assignes [....] or may be reasonably [devised ......... or] [requiredd] so ye the same containe no further or larger warranty then as aforesaid In witness whereof the said Raph White hereunto [~~~~~~~] hath put his hand and seale the day & yeare First above written [.. ..] 1667 The seale & [....] of the said Raph White
    The main points from this document are:
  6. A surrender held in Sheffield Archives has the following catalogue entry:
    FILE - Surrender - ref. SpSt/100/31
    Date: 13 Jul 1678
    At the Court Baron of Ashford, of William, Duke of Devonshire.
    Francis White and Mary his wife, and Anne White, surrender to the Lord of the Manor; one messuage in Sheldon with the appurtenances containing 3 bays; one kitchen containing 1 bay; one barn with straw, containing 2 bays; one other barn with tiles; one stable containing by estimation one bay; 5 roods of land; 3 gardens lying in the west of a messuage now divided in 2 closes; that of David Frost, east, and Francis White, west; 3 roods of land lying in a close called Le Croftheads; one rood of land near a close called Le Butts; 1 acre of land in a close called Edge Peech; 1 acre of land in a close called Swiftlands; 1 roods of land called le Meadow; 5 roods land called Le Tansie; 1 acre land called Marr furlong; 1 acres of land called Marr furlong; 1 close called Le Peech close, now divided in 2 parts, containing by estimation 9 roods.
    Get transcript
  7. A final concord held in Sheffield Archives has the following catalogue entry:
    FILE - Final concords (a pair) - ref. CM/309-310
    Date: Nov 1691
    From Scope and Content: John Bagshaw pl. v. Francis White and Mary his wife and Anne White widow, William Storrs, William Poynton and Katherine his wife and John Wright and Anne his wife, deforcs. One messuage, 20 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow, 20 acres of pasture etc. in Monyash, flagg, and Little Hucklow for 100.
    [Note: I attempted to transcribe this, but the writing is so obscure (even though its very neat) that I couldn't even decide whether it was Latin or English!]
  8. The 1701 section of the Monyash Bishop's Transcript contains the entry:
    Mary ye wife of Fancis White was buryed March ye 3rd 1700 *
    * Note: The date is from the Julian calendar, so for 1700, read 1701. See note in
    glossary
  9. The 1683 section of the 1681-1684 Monyash Bishop's Transcript contains the entry:
    Bapt: Sarah filia Francisci White of [Manrice] Octavio Augusti
    Note that many other entries also appeared to come from 'Manrice', so I am assuming it is really 'Monyash'
  10. The 1672-1675 Monyash Bishop's Transcript contains the entry:
    Thomas the son of Francis White baptized April 2d 74
  11. My thinking behind this is laid out on her son's page



Notes:


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