1209 - 1272
|Father||John, King of England|
|Mother||Isabella of Angouleme|
|1st Wife||Isabella Marshall|
|2nd Wife||Sanchia of Provence|
|3rd Wife||Beatrice de Fauquemont|
|Children||John, Isabel, Henry, Richard, Nicholas, Edmund, Philip, Joan, Walter, Richard|
Richard is a famous, well documented historical figure (1) so I am not going into great detail about him here. A great deal more information on him is readily available. This is simply a brief outline of some of the main events in his life.
He was born on 5th January 1209 in Winchester, the second son of King John and Isabella his wife (2). His father died in 1216 (3), and his mother returned to France soon afterwards (4), leaving Richard to be raised by by Peter de Maulay, at Corfe Castle (1). At the age of 16 his elder brother, Henry III, granted him the County of Cornwall (5). He was variously referred to as Count of Poitou or Earl of Cornwall from this time.
Cornwall provided Richard with great riches, and he became known as one of the wealthiest men in Europe, even though he was still a teenager. He had a political reputation to match, often being seen to get the better of his brother the king, and widely respected across Europe. He also had a reputation as a great womaniser. (1)
On 30th March 1231, at Fawley, near Marlow in Buckinghamshire, he married Isabella, the widow of Gilbert de Clare, the late Earl of Gloucester (1)(6), and their first son, John, was born the following January (1)(7), but died later the same year (1)(8). A daughter Isabel was born in 1233 (1)(9), but she too died young the following year (1)(10). Their next son, Henry, was born in 1235 (1)(11). Another son, Richard, followed, but he also died young (1). In January 1240, Isabella died during the birth of their last son, Nicholas, who also died within a few hours (or was stillborn, according to different sources) (1)(12). Isabella apparently made a dying wish to be buried alongside her first husband at Tewksbury, but Richard had her buried at Beaulieu Abbey. He did however have her heart removed and buried at Tewksbury! (1)
He married for a second time in November 1243. This time to Sanchia of Provence, the sister of his brother Henry's wife Eleanor (1). The children of his second marriage, are not so well documented. He had a son (possibly called Richard) in the summer of 1246, but he only lived a few weeks (1). He had another son Edmund in 1250 (1), who was to be his eldest, and thus heir, at the time of his death (26). The likelihood is obviously that he would have had other children with Sanchia, but they may all have died young.
Richard was crowned King of Germany in May 1257 (1)(13).
Sanchia died in 1261 (1)(14). Richard married yet again in 1269, to Beatrice de Fauquemont, who was more than 40 years his junior (1). Unsuprisingly they didn't have any children before his death on 2nd April 1272 (1)(15). He was buried at Hailes Abbey (1)(15), which he had founded (1)(16).
Richard is said to have had a number of illegitimate children, including Richard (17). Joan de Valletort often claimed to be the mother of at least two of them. However the timing of their births is unclear (1).
Brief details of his children: