<< Back to Ahnentafel list

Thomas Ashmore

1805 - 1884


Thomas's signature at the time of his marriage in 1832 (MARRIAGE)

Father John Ashmore
Mother Elizabeth Needham
Wife Ellen Hatfield
Children Mary, Eliza, Hannah, Harriot, Elizabeth, William, Maria


Thomas was born in 1805 in Monyash (1), the first child of John and Elzabeth Ashmore. A sister Mary, his only known sibling, was born in 1808 (2).

Thomas married (the already heavily pregnant) Ellen Hatfield, also from Monyash, in November 1832 (3), and their first daughter, Mary, was born the following March (4).

Thomas worked as a miner at Magpie Mine in Sheldon. There was an ongoing animosity between the miners from Magpie, and the miners from the nearlby Red Soil Mine, mainly because the two mines met underground, and hence there were disputes over rights. In Septemeber 1833, this all came to a head when miners from Magpie set a fire underground which suffocated 3 miners in the Red Soil mine. Thomas was one of about 20 Magpie miners accused of murder. He was probably remanded to the County Gaol in Derby until the case was heard at the Lent Assives the following March. Thomas, and indeed everyone invovled, was acquitted of the charge, and he returned home, to pick up where he left off, continuing to work at Magpie.(5)

Their next daughter Eliza was born in 1835 (6), followed by Hannah in 1837 (7), then Harriot in 1839 (8), but unfortunatley she died the following year (9). Elizabeth was born in 1841 (10), about a month before the census of that year shows the family still living in Monyash (11). His daughter Eliza died in the summer of 1843 (12), then his only son, William, was born towards the end of the year (13). Finally his youngest daughter, Maria, was born in 1846 (14).

At around the time that the last of their children were born, the family moved to Magpie Mine House (15), probably as a consequence of Thomas being promoted. He was certainly an overseer by the time of Ellen's death in 1858 (18) (which came the year after his father's (17), a a couple of years before his mother's (19)). By 1861 he was calling himself a Mine Agent (20).

Sometime over the next few years he re-married, to a woman called Mary (21). He lived out the rest of his days at Magpie Mine(21)(22), until he moved back to Monyash shortly before he died on 30th July 1884 (24). He was buried in Monyash two days later (25).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    [1805] Nov 10th Baptd Thos, Son of John Ashmore Weaver of Monyash & Elizabeth his wife, born Nov 1st 1805.
  2. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    [1808] July 3d Bapd Mary Dr of John Ashmore Labourer & Betty his wife, Born June 29th 1808.
  3. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    Thomas Ashmore of this Parish
    & Township Bachelor
    and Ellen Hatfield of this Parish
    & Township Spinster
    were married in this Chapel by Banns with Consent of
    - this twenty-sixth Day of
    November in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty-wo
    By me John Pickwoad

    The Marriage was solemnized between us Thomas Ashmore
    Ellen X Hatfield's mark
    In the Presence of William Wainwright
    Ann Finney
  4. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    March
    11
    [1833]
    Mary Thomas
    &
    Ellen
    Ashmore Monyash Miner
  5. Details of the incident between miners from the Magpie and Red Soil mines can be found on a seperate page
  6. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    7th
    June
    [1835]
    Eliza Thomas
    &
    Ellen
    Ashmore Moniash Miner
  7. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    April 30th
    [1837]
    Hannah
    daughter
    of
    Thomas
    &
    Hellen
    Ashmore Monyash Miner
  8. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    Apr 28
    [1839]
    Harriot
    daughter of
    Thomas
    &
    Ellen
    Ashmore Monyash Miner
  9. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Harriot Ashmore Monyash Dec 29
    [1840]
    yr
    1
  10. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    May* 30th
    [1841]
    Elizth
    daughter of
    Ellen
    &
    Thomas
    Ashmore Monyash Miner
    * Difficult to read - probably "May", but could be "Mar".
  11. Census of 7th June 1841 reads:
    Place: Monyash
    Thomas Ashmore 30 Miner
    Ellen Do 30 .
    Mary Do 5 .
    Eliza Do 5 .
    Hannah Do 4 .
    Elizabeth Do 5 weeks .
  12. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Eliza Ashmore Monyash July 8
    [1843]
    yrs
    9
  13. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    Dec 17
    [1843]
    William
    son of
    Thomas
    &
    Ellen
    Ashmore Monyash Miner
  14. No baptism has been found for Maria, but the birth of a Maria Ashmore was registered in Bakewell in the first quarter of 1846. This ties up fairly well with her declared age on later censuses etc.
  15. The family were certainly in Sheldon by the time of 1851 census (16), but may have been there by the time of Maria's birth in 1846, as she gives it as her place of birth in the 1881, 1891 and 1901 censuses.
  16. Census of 30th March 1851 reads:
    Place: Magpie Mine House, Ashford
    Thomas Ashmore Head Mar 42 Lead Miner & Farmer Derbys, Monyash .
    Elizabeth do Wife do 41 Wife do, Elton Deaf
    * Maria do dau U 17 - do, Monyash .
    Hannah do do U 13 Scholar do, Ashford .
    * Emma do do U 8 do do, do .
    William do Son U 6 do do, do .
    * Mary do dau U 4 do do, do .
    * "Emma" is almost certainly an error on the part of the enumerator, and should read "Elizabeth". There is no other record of a daughter Emma, and Elizabeth is otherwise missing from the 1851 census.
    * Daughters Mary and Maria, also appear to have been entered the wrong way round.
  17. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Twenty
    third
    November
    1857
    Monyash
    John Ashmore Male   78
    years  
    Farmer Apoplexy
    16 hours
    no medical
    Attendant
    William Ashmore
    Present at the Death
    Monyash
    Twenty
    fifth
    November
    1857
  18. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Sixth
    January
    1858
    Magpie Mine
    Sheldon
    Ellen Ashmore Female   47
    years  
    Wife of
    Thomas
    Ashmore
    an overlooker
    at a Lead Mine
    Enteritis
    (4 or 5 weeks)
    Certified
    Mary Ashmore
    -
    Present at the Death
    Magpie Mine
    near Sheldon
    Eighth
    January
    1858
  19. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Fifth
    February
    1860
    Monyash
    Elizabeth Ashmore Female   84
    years  
    Widow of
    John
    Ashmore
    -
    Farmer
    Old age
    -
    No medical
    attendant
    Thomas Ashmore
    -
    Present at the Death
    Magpie Mine
    near Sheldon
    Seventh
    February
    1860
  20. Census of 7th April 1861 reads:
    Place: Magpie Mine, Ashford
    Thomas Ashmore Head Widr 52 Mine Agent (Lead) [Derbyshire], Monyash
    William do Son Un 16 Labourer do, do
    Maria do daug un 13 House maid do, do
  21. Census of 2nd April 1871 reads:
    Place: Magpie Mine, Ashford
    Thomas Ashmore Head Mar 66 Lead Miner [Derbyshire], Monyash
    Mary do Wife Mar 51 . do, Elton
  22. Census of 3rd April 1881 reads:
    Place: Magpie Mine, Ashford
    Thomas Ashmore Head Mar 76 Lead Miner [Derbyshire], Monyash
    Mary do Wife Mar 59 . do, Elton
  23. Contemporary probate copy of Thomas Ashmore's will (amongst post 1858 contemporaory probate record copies @ DRO) reads:
    This is the last Will and Testament of me, Thomas
    Ashmore of Monyash in the County of Derby, Miner. First
    I direct that my Executors hereinfater named in this my will
    do as soon after my decease as may be convenient pay all my just
    debts and funeral expenses togerther with the expenses incurred in a
    Law suit between Joseph Swindell of Tideswell and the Duke
    of Devonshire, Secondly I give devise and bequeath unto my dear
    wife Mary, my son William Ashmore of High St, Derby, Engine
    Driver, and my four daughters Mary Stone the wife of John Stone
    of Taddington; Hannah Swindell wife of Joseph Swindell of
    Tideswell; Elizabeth Harrison wife of Francis Harrison of
    Tideswell; Maria Morton wife of Mathew Morton of Gt Longstone,
    all and every my real and personal estate whatsoever and
    wheresoever that I may be possessed of at my decease each to have share
    and share alike, and if any of my children do not survive me then the
    share of such son or daughter to be equally divided amongst his of
    her children, if my dear wife should not survive me then her share
    to be divided amongst my children. I hereby appoint my son William
    Ashmore and my son in law Joseph Swindell of Tideswell, Executors of
    this my will, hereby revoking all former wills. In Witness whereof
    I have hereunto set my hand this twentyeight day of June one
    thousand eight hundred and eighty four - Thomas Ashmore -
    Signed by the Testator Thomas Ashmore and for his his last will and Testament
    in the presence of us, present at the same time who in his presence at his request
    and in the presence of each other have hereunto set our names as
    witnesses - Mary Ashmore; Philip Heaton Flint, Tideswell
            Proved at Derby the 26th day of November 1884 by the
            Oaths of William Ashmore, the son, and Joseph
            Swindell the Executors to whom administration
            was granted
    The Testator Thomas Ashmore was late of Monyash in the County
    of Derby Miner and died on the thirtieth day of July 1884 at Monyash
    aforesaid
            Gross value of Personal Estate 545:0:0
    Extracted by William Briggs, Solicitor , Derby.
  24. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Thirtieth
    July
    1884
    Monyash
    RSD
    Thomas Ashmore Male   77
    years  
    Lead
    Miner
    Old Age
    Certified by
    Philip S
    Stinton
    The mark of
    Mary Ashmore
    Widow of deceased
    Present at the Death
    Monyash
    Thirty
    first
    July
    1884
  25. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Monyash includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Thomas Ashmore Moniash Aug 1
    [1884]
    79
    years



Notes:

Red soil incident details to do on seperate page.


Home