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John Statham

circa 1405 - 1459

Father John Statham
Mother Cecily Cornwall
Wife Elizabeth Milner
Children John, Henry, Roger, William, Joan


John (who was also known as Jenkyn) was probably born sometime in the first decade of the 15th century (1), the illegitimate son of John Statham, and Cecily Cornwall, . His parents subsequently married, and had three more sons, Thomas, Henry and Nicholas (3), and a daughter Goditha (18)(19).

John is believed to have married Elizabeth Milner (4), probably in the early 1440s (7), and they had four sons, John, Henry, Roger and William (3), and a daughter Joan (20)(21)(22).

In 1439, his father and he were granted the lordship of Horston Castle (8), probably thanks to the influence of his father's ally Ralph Lord Cromwell. Its unclear how long they held this for, but it was still in their possession in 1451 (9). Being illegitimate, John was never destined to inherit his father's estate, or to achieve as prominent a role in society as his brothers. The keeping of Horston Castle was as high as got in the social order of the day, and he never seems to have been referred to as any more than a "gentleman" (13). Nevertheless he still had powerful friends and allies - he continued to have close dealings with Cromwell long after his father's death (14)(15)(16).

His mother died in 1444 (12), and his father in 1453 (12). John probably died in the spring of 1459 (17). His wife survived him by a number of years, and was still alive in 1472 (19).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. His date of birth is simply estimated based on the following ...
  2. See his father's page
  3. A Statham pedigree drawn up in 1544, and presented in evidence to the Court of Requests (Ref REQ 2/26/48 no 5 @ The National Archives), has been transcribed, and commented on, on the National Archives website, as part of a guide to using the archives. See www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/familyhistory/guide/popup/req_2_26.htm
    The transcript given by TNA reads:
    Herafter followeth the pedigre of John Statham son of Willm Statham late of London Mcer deceased made the 24th day of October Anno dno 1544 and in the 36th yere of the reign of our soveraign Lorde Kyng Henry the eight made by the instructions of Henry Sachaverell of Morley in the Countie of Darby knyght That is to wytt there was one John Statham greate grandfather unto the said Henry Sacheverell by his mother syde the whiche John the greate grandfather begatt a sonne in Basse and was borne in Basse of one Sessly the Barne of Burffordes doughter and named the said Childe John after his owne name whiche John was after comenly called Jenkyn and in shorte tyme after the said childe was borne the said John the greate graundfather toke to wyffe the same Sessly and had Issue by her in wedlock 3 sonnes Thomas Henry and Nycholas As hereunder dothe appere and afterwardes the said John the greate graundfather gave unto the said John als Jenkyn his basse sonne certeyn landes and tentes to hym and to his heires Males for evermore by a dede of intaile whiche John the Basse sonne maryed and had issue in wed lock as herafter dothe appere.
    A representation of the pedigree given is here
    The explanatory summary reads:
    A Tudor pedigree, of the Statham family, drawn up by Thomas Merydale, of London, in 1544. He was the servant of Richard Jervys, the stepfather of the plaintiff, John Statham. His sworn deposition recalled his master personally going up to Derbyshire to collect rents on John's lands in Snelston, Alsop and Roston whilst he was abroad. The defendant (and one of the tenants), Sir Henry Sacheverell, had visited Jervys in London whilst John Statham was still overseas, and claimed he would be the next heir should John die without male issue. The pedigree was drafted on Sacheverell's instructions to demonstrate his assertion. The title deeds for the lands had come into the defendant's possession, and without these Statham could not seek a remedy at common law. The case started off in the Court of Requests, but by 1561 it had been transferred to the Court of Chancery, where a final decree was issued in Statham's favour. Sacheverell's successor as defendant had failed to turn up at the court as ordered or to furnish any documentary proof of entitlement to the land. Apparently the lands were to descend in tail male (for example, through the male line in their entirety) under a deed of 1453. The grantor, John Statham (at the top of the family tree), was to have them for life, after which his son Nicholas and his male heirs were to hold them; if his male line died out, another of John's sons, Thomas, and his male heirs were to enjoy them, failing which they were to pass to another son Henry and his male heirs. John made provision for his illegitimate son John alias Jenkyn Statham and his male heirs to inherit should the male line become extinct for all three sons. Henry Sacheverell was descended from the original grantor in the female line whereas the plaintiff (at the bottom right-hand corner of the pedigree) was the great grandson of Jenkyn Statham.
  4. "The Descent of the Family of Statham", By Rev S P H Statham, states that "Elizabeth, his wife, was a daughter of Thomas Milner of Horsley, and brought as her dowry lands in Burnaston and Bearwardcote". Proof of this claim is not explicitly laid out, but some support for it can be found. A charter of their son John (junior) from 1476 (5) shows that his mother was called Elizabeth, and that John (junior) possessed the said lands at that time; whilst an earlier charter (6) shows that these same lands were previously held by Thomas Milner of Horsley. Whilst this is far from conclusive, it is a fair working hypothesis, and does also explain why John would have moved from Morley to Horsley.
  5. "Descriptive Catalogue of Derbyshire Charters" by Isaac Herbert Jeayes, 1906, includes a precis of charter No 524 which reads:
    Grant from John Stathum of Horsley, son and heir of John Stathum of Horsley, and of Elizabeth his wife, to Robert Leek and William Sherle, of all his lands in Byrnaston and Berwardcote. Witn. John Bothe esquire, John Fyndern esquire, John Donyngtone esquire etc. Dat 10 Jul, 16 Edw IV [1476]. (Woll. ix 42)
  6. "Descriptive Catalogue of Derbyshire Charters" by Isaac Herbert Jeayes, 1906, includes a precis of charter No 2599 which reads:
    Grant from John Milnere de Derby to Master John de Wodhouses, clerk, and Thomas Milner of Horlsey, of all his lands, etc, in the vills and fields of Welyngton, Brynlaston, and Berrewardescote. Witn. William Mochaunde of Wyllyngton, John Orme of Brynlaston, Robert atte-Yate de Berwardcote. Dat. Brynlaston, F of St John, Ap and Ev [27 Dec], 1 Hen IV [1399]. (Trusley)
  7. John's family was from Morley, but he set up home in Horsley, where his wife's family was from (4), so the marriage is likely to have occured prior to his first mention as living there in 1445 (13), but after 1439, when his father and he were granted the governorship of Horston Castle (which lies in Horsley parish), at which time he was not stated to be of Horsley (8). This date also fits relatively well with the known dates in his parents' and children's lives.
  8. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office" Vol XVII, 1937, page 115, notes an entry dated 4 Dec 1439, which states :
    "Commitment to John Stathum, esquire, and John his son, by mainprise of John Tunstede of Wormele, co Derby, gentilman, and Robert Rasyn of Notyngham, co Nottingham, gentilman, of the keeping of the castle and lordship of Hereston, with all its appurtenances, co Derby; to hold the same from the time of the death of Richard Hastynges, knight, for 12 years, at a yearly farm of 11li; with proviso that if any other person shall be willing, byEaster next, to give more for the said keeping, then the said John and John shall be bound to pay such larger sum if they will have the keeping"
  9. Its not clear how long Horston castle was held by the Stathams. In 1439 it was granted to John Statham and his son John, from the death of Richard Hastings for 12 years (8). However four years later it was granted to John Statham, and his sons John, Thomas, Henry and Nicholas, for 40 years starting 5 years hence in 1448 (10). In 1451 it was again granted to John Statham and his son John, this time for 20 years (11), however, they surrendered it back to the king in July 1452 so that he could grant it to the Earls of Richmond and Pembroke (11). An article titled "Horston Castle; its Governors from the 12th to the 16th centuries" by F.N. Fisher in the Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Vol 59, lists John Statham and John his son, as governors from 1439-1443 and again from 1448-1453, with William Goureley in between.
  10. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office" Vol XVII, 1937, page 282, notes an entry dated 19 Nov 1443, which states :
    "Commitment to John Stathum, esquire, and to John, Thomas, Henry and Nicholas, his sons, by mainprise of Bartholomew Whitfeld of Heydour, co Lincoln, gentilman, and John de Carleton of Lyndryk, co Nottingham, yoman, of the keeping of the castle and lordship of Horeston (or whatever be the name by which they are known), co Derby, which were granted to Richard Hastynges knight, for the term of his life by Henry V, with reversion to the king and his heirs, and which are in the king's hand by the death of the said Richard; to hold the same from 9 Setember 1448 for 40 years, at a yearly farm of 11li; for which answer has been made to the king, and an increment of 20s"
  11. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office" Vol XV10, 1939, page 239, notes an entry dated 4 Nov 1451, which states :
    "Commitment to John Stathum of Morley, esquire, and John Stathum, his son, by mainprise of John Bridde of Lokhawe, co Derby, gentilman, and Nicholas Stathum of Morley, co Derby, gentilamn, of the keeping of the castle and lordship of Horestone, by whatever name they be known, with all appurtenances, co Derby; to hold from Michaelmas last for 20 years, at a yearly farm of 12li
    [Schedule] Vacated, because on 4 July 31 Henry VI the king granted the said keeping to Edmund earl of Richmond and Jasper earl of Pembroke and to either of them, to hold to them and their heirs, under a certain form, and ordered that the chancellor should cancel the present latters, on their surrender into the Chancery for cancellation and that the keeper of the rolls of Chancery should annul the enrolment of the same, as appears by a certain petition presented to the king, signed by his hand, delivered to the said chancellor and filed in the Chancery. And the said John and John surrendered the present letters into the Chancery for cancellation. And so these letters are annulled and cancelled."
  12. "Notes on the Churches of Derbyshire", by J Charles Cox, 1875, Volume 4, page 328, within the chapter on Morley church, contains the transcriptions of two commemorative brasses Firstly :
    "Orate pro anima Johanis Stathum Armigeri, quondam istius ville qui bene et notabilitier hanc ecclesiam egit qui obiit viio die Novembris Anno Domini Millesimo 4cliijo. Et pro anima Cecilie uxoris euis que obiit xxvo die Aprilis Anno Domini Millesimo 4cxliiijo quorum animabus propicietur deus"
    Secondly :
    Here lieth John Stathum Squyer somtyme lorde of this towne and Cecily his Wyfe. Which gat to yis Churche iii belles & ordyned iiis iiiid yerely for brede to be done in almes amonge pore folk of ys parisch in ye day of ye obit of dame Godith sometyme lady of ys towne. The said John died the vi day of November ye yere of our lord M 4c liiij and the said Cecily died the xxv day of April the yere of our lord M 4c xliiij of whos Sowles God have Mercy Amen.
    These two memorials differ as to the year of John's death - either 1453 or 1454. I am tempted to trust the brass which seems more likely to be contemporaneous, and gives the date as 1453, just a few days after John had agreed to pay Breadsall Priory for prayers for his soul. The wording of the other brass, seems likely to be a little later in date, and so less likely to have the correct date.
  13. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office" Vol XVII, 1937, page 321, notes an entry dated 5 May 1445, which states :
    "Commitment to William Foljambe, by mainprise of John Stathum of Horseley, co Derby, gentilman, and John Byrde of Lokhagh, co Derby, gentilman, of the keeping of a soil of pasture called 'Le Pelefeld', lying without and under the park of Clypston, and 3 acres of land called 'Wadgatesmeth', lying by the field of Maunsfeld Wodehous, co Nottingham; to hold the same from Michaelmas next for 28 years, rendering 4s yearly by equal portions at Easter and Michaelmas, and supporting all other charges incumbent on the said pasture and land..."
  14. Document (ref: D258/26/19/19) held at Nottingham Archives. Catalogue entry reads:
    Grant by Thomas Henry of Wirkisworth, to Ralph, Lord Cromwell, John Curson of Ketliston esq Thomas Stathum of Morley esq and John Stathum of Horsley, of all the lands etc that he had of the grant to Robert Vernon and Thomas Heepe, at Wirkisworth
    Witnesses: John Wyggeley, John Blakwall, John Smyth, Thomas Storer and Hugh Brokstowe, all of Wirkisworthe
    Dated at Wirkisworth, 6 Sep 32 Hen VI
    [1453]
  15. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry VI, Vol VI, 1910, page 200, notes an entry dated 1 November 1454, which states :
    "Licence for 30li paid in the hanaper, for Ralph, lord Cromwell, knight, to grant to William, bishop of Winchester, William Gray, bishop of Ely, Reynold, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, John, earl of Shrewsbury, Thomas, lord Clyfford, knight, John, lord Stourton, knight, John Fortescu, knight, chief justice of the King's Bench, Walter Moile, justice of the Common Bench, John Ratclyff esquire, Thomas Tyrell, knight, Master William Say, clerk, Master Robert Beaumont, clerk, Thomas Billyng, John Say esquire, William Vernour, Thomas Yonge, John Tailboys the elder esquire, Robert Sheffeld, Richard Illyngworth, Richard Waterton esquire, John Langholme, Edmund Blake, John Saucheverell, Thomas palmer, William Stanlowe, John Stathum, John Vyncent and Richard Flynt and their heirs, the castle and manor of Tateshale with knights' fees, rents, services, advowsons, parks, chaces, warrens and other apputenances, the manors of Tunby Boston in Boston, Candelesby, Belcheford, Toft by Witham, and Burwell, co Lincoln, the manor of Boney, a moiety of the manor of Sheldford called 'Everyngham Fee' aith knights' fees and services pertaining to the said manor and moiety, the town of Bulwell, 10li yearly from the fee farm of Arnall, the offices of constable of Notyngham castle and steward and keeper of the forest of Shirewode and the parks of Beskewode and Clypston and the woods of Billowe, Birkeland, Rumwode and Ouselande, co Nottingham, and of the herbage, and the agistmnents and pannage of the said parks and the pannage of the said woods and of Fulwod, the mills of Notyngham called 'the Castelmelnes', the waters of Trent and Lene in Notyngham and frree fishery therein, the meadows under Notyngham castle between the castle and the water of Trent called 'the Kyngesmedowe' and 'Constable Holme' with the pasture there called 'the Conyngarth' alias 'Castle Apilton' and 'Mildam' with three parsels of meadow lying on the bank of the Lene and 'le Castelhilles', co Nottingham, the castle and manor of Wrsyll, co York, the manor and hundred of Framlond, co Leicester, the manor and hundred of Hoo, co Kent, the manor of Hamuldon, co Rutland, the manors of Cruch and Dronffeld, co Derby, the manors of Wymondham and Bokenham, co Norfolk, and the manor of Shaldeburn, co Berks, held in chief."
  16. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry VI, Vol VI, 1910, page 341, notes an entry dated 9 August 1457, which states :
    "Pardon to William, bishop of Winchester, William Gray, bishop of Ely, Reynold, bishop of Chester, John, earl of Shrewsbury, Thomas Scales alias Scalys, lord of Scales, John, lord Stourton, knight, John Fortescu, knight, chief justice of the King's bench, Walter Moyle justice of the common bench, John Ratclif esquire, Thomas tyrell, knight, Master William Say, clerk, Master Robert Beaumont, clerk, Thomas Byllyng, John Say esquire, William Venoure alias Vemour, Thomas Yong, John Tailboys the elder esquire, Robert Sheffeld, Richard Illyngworth, Richard Waterton esquire, John Langhome, Edmund Blake, John Saucheverell esquire, Thomas Palmer, William Stanlowe, John Stathum, John Vyncent, Richard Flynt, William Sonde, William babyngton esquire, Thomas Curson esquire, and John Leynton, enfeoffed by Ralph Cromwell, knight, late lord Cromwell, or by others to his use in any lands, rents or services, and to the same bishop Winchester, John Fortescu, Thomas Tyrell, Robert Beaumont, John Tailboys, Ailliam Venoure, John Saucheverell, William Stanlowe, John Leynton, and to William Gulle, clerk, executors of ralph's will, of all intrusions and entries made by Ralph or them into any lands which ertainto the king, which Ralph had of the king's grant, and of all occupations ands wastes thereof and of all issues, revenues and profits thereof and of all grants, alienations and purchases without license of lands held in chief late of the said Ralph, and of all reliefs, scutages, homages and fealties due herein, and of all debts, accounts, prests, and arrears of farms and accounts by reason thereof, and of all actions, suits, processes, executions and demands against them and of all penatlties, fines, amercements and issues forfeited by them."
  17. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office" Vol XV10I, 1939, page 213, notes a list of "Writs of diem clausit extremum, after the death of the following persons, directed to the escheators in the counties named", which includes the entry :
    1459 April 22. John Stathum of Horsley; Derby
  18. "The Descent of the Family of Statham", By Rev S P H Statham, appendix 10, page 97, gives the following transcript:
    (Note that this transcript agrees substantively with the one given, as number 5, by David Edwards in "Derbyshire Wills 1393-1574", but this one would appear to maintain more of the original spelling (for better of worse!), and includes a few phrases that were undeciphered in Edwards' version)
    WILL OF THOMAS STATHUM, KT OF MORLEY
    In the name of God Amen. I, Thomas Stathum, knight, sane in mind, do, on the Monday after the feast of Saint John the Baptist
    [26th June], in the year of our lord 1469 and in the ninth year of Edward IV, make my will in this manner. First I bequeath my soul to God and the blessed Mary and all his Saints, and my body to be buried in the South side of ye chauncel in ye Kirke of Morley at Saint Nicholas' auter ende, under the lowe wall, the said wall to be taken downe, and ther uppon me leyde a stone of marble wt iii image of laton, one ymage maude after me and the other ii after both my wifis. We all knelyng on our kneys, wt eche one of us a rolle in our handis unto our ladt Saint Marye, and to Saint Xtofore over our heedis, wt iiii sochons of myne armes and both my wifis armes quartely to gedere, and to ware on the said stone vi marcs. Also I will yat therbe vi torchis every torche of iiiis, and v tapers of wax every taper a li and a half to brenneabout my body the day of my butiyng and enterement. Also I wol that ii of ye said torchis be yoven to the Chapell of Smalley after myn enterment be doone and the other iiii torchis to the church of Morley. Also I wol yat ye parson have my best best to my principall what so ever kynde he bee. Also I wol that ye said parson have after myne enterment be doon vis. Also I wol that thabbat of Derley have vis viiid, and he come; and eche one of his Channons vid, and they come. Also I wol that thabbat of Dall have the same and yey come. And also I wol yat ye Prior of Breydsall parke have vis viiid, and his Channon xiid. Whether they come or nott. Also I wol yat ye prior of the freres of Derby have vis viiid, and every frere and every preest yat comes iiiid. Also I wol yt the priores of Derby have vis viiid and everyche of her nonnes xiid, whether yey come or no. Also I wol yat Dame Godith have vis of money. Also I will that ye Prior of ye White Freres of Notyngham have vis viiid, whethir he come or no. Also I wol yt ye warden of ye grey freres have vis viiid, whethir he come or nott, and every clerk yat comes have iid. Also I woll that vi pore men that holden the vi torchis have eche of them a white gowne and hoodis thereto. Also I wol that yer be sleyne at ye said enterment iiii oxen vi calfis xiiii wedirs and they to be eton and dalte amonge thoose yat commen to myn enterment, and that yer be brede and ale longung yerto. Also I wol yet therbe doone vi hundred masses, every mass id, for the soules of Thomas, Rauf, Nicholas, Alison, Thomas, Elizabeth, Kateryne, Thomasyne, Johne, Cecile, Johne, William, Aunes, Thomas, Elizabeth, Roger, Richard, William and John, and thies masses to be doone for thoose soules above writene and all Christene soules; and the said masses to be devided in iii, ii hundred at the freres of Derby, ii hundred at ye White freres of Notyngham and ii hundred at the grey freres of Not; and ye said masses to be doon in such haste as they may goodely; and ye said masses to be doon in ye said fourme as the said freres dedon for my fadir for they have tables of Record. Also I wol Cecile my doughter have, and she be alyve, iiii oxene, iiii kyne, xx wedirs and xx ewys and I have any at my decesse. Also I wol yat the said Cecill have of my purchased land in the towne and feelds of Wesendeyn for terme of hur lyfe iiii marke of money; and it is my will that my feoffez yat stand feoffid yerin make hur a sure estate therin as law wull by the advyse of myn executoris. Also I will that Richard of ye Heghe, my nauneson, be made sure for terme of his life of vi marc, and my said feoffes to make him as sure as law wolle. Also I wol that a preest synge for me a yere after my decesse at Morley Kirke, and he to have the said yere iiii marcs and mete and drynke or else xls to borde hym, and a blak gowne; and he to pray daily whan he said masse for the soules of Rauf, Godith, Thomas, Elizabeth, John, Cecill, Thomas, Nicholas, Alison, Thomas, Thomasyne, John, Kateryn, Rauf, William, Adam and Aunes, theis names to be rehersed whan ye preest hath said the Confiteor for thos soules bid alle yet been by say a pater noster and ave; and whan he goith to the lavatorye the preest to name the names openly and to say de profundis ayen. Also I will that yerbe vi marcs of money yoven to a preest to synge for the soules above writen, and in the same fourme, at the Chapell of Smalley for a yere. Also I will that William Kneton have my long swerde, my best doubelett of fustian, my best hosen, a short gowne of my weryng, and if he owe me ought I will he be pardoned. Also I will yat the said Kneton have his house that he dwellith inne for terme of his life Rent free, except his ben, and he dwell yerin at me decesse and els not. Also I wol that John of the Hall have my long Russett gowne and all that he owis me be pardoned hym; and he to have his hous yat he dwelleth in, and ye laghton wt ye crofte of ye said house, and the land at ye yerde and the close yat he hath of me in lyme, except the said John shall pay xiid for the said close on lyme to the Duke of Clarence, and a water gose to the lord of Morley yerely, and an osgange of lande that he occupieth for terme of his life. Also I will yat Robert Walett have his hous Rent free for terme of his life, and all that he owys me be pardoned hym. Also I wol that Richard Potter have his house rent free for terme of his life whether he goo or abide and all that he owys me be pardoned hym. Also I will that John Taylor my bailey have his hous and all yat lies therto rent free for terme of his life, except his service therof. Also I will that Robert Hey have ii heffars of iii yeris age and his house wt the ii cfortis Rent free for terme of his life, except his ben in Harfeste; and if he owe me ought hit to be pardoned hym; and the said Robert to have a shorte gowne of my wering. Also I will that William Jebe have ii kye, ii wynter haffers, xx ewys and xx lambis. Also I will that and Henry or Nichol my brother whether yt God fortunes to yeim to be myn heire shall have the cofteringe of silk, ye fedir bed, ye fustian blankettes, a paire of shetis, bolster and pilowe, a blewe hilling full of werk, the other pane, ye hangyng candelstik with vi flouris, ye grattist brasse pott, ye iii fourmes in the bakehous, the grete messhefate, half ye ledis in fourme. In the zylehous, the cofteryng of Rede in the hall. If neither of ye said Henry or Nicoll be myn heire Iwill that my wif dispose all to hir owne use my will fulfilled. Also I will that Elizabeth my wid have me belestid, to bren the ore that I have boght, for a twelmoneth and i quarter after my decesse, and wodde that growis within the lordship of Caldelowe sufficient to bren the said ore and charcoll to smylte the blak werk; and if myn heire let hur of yis, I willyat my feoffez enfeoffed hur in all my fee symple lande, except the lande that I have biqueste. Also I wulle yat my suster Godith have v nobels yat she owis me to bynde Luce heir doughter prentiz at London, or to hir mariage if she wull not be boundon. Also I will yat Elizabeth my wife after my decesse and my will performed to hir power and my dettes paied have all my goodes moveable and unmoveable. all the dettes that is owyng me, tp her owne propre use. Also I will that Thomas Alyne have a cowe. Also I will that Jenkyn of yw kichyn have iiii wedurs and iiii ewis. Also I will yat Thomas Webster have ii wynter bestis. Also I will that John Horton be pardoned of all the dettes yat he owis me at my decesse. Also I will that John James my servant have a cowe. Also I will yat Henry Aldirley have a cowe and iiii wedirs. Also I will yat Humphrey Hilton have the horse yat he rides on sadill and bridell, one of my sarkis, my best worsted doubelett and my short murrey gowne. Also I will that Henry my brothir have ye best horse next my principall, except Doune my horse. Also I will yat Richard James be pardoned all yat he owis me. Also I will yat yerbe gyven to xii poure husbandes of Morley, Smalley and Kiddaslay to every of theim xs of money comyng of my xii oxen yat be putte to fatte or of othir money. And I truly Thomas Stathum, Knight, aforesaid constitute Elizabeth Stathum mu wife, Henry Stathum, my brother, Nicholas Stathum, my brother, and Ralph Langley, parson of the Church of Prestwiche, my executors of this present will. And I ordain, moreover, Henry Killingworth, abbot of Darley, and parson of the Church of Morley, to superintend my aforesaid executors in the execution of the said testament. In witness whereof I have placed my seal on the day and place above-said.
    This is the last will of me, Thomas Stathum, knyght, maade thet thursday next after the fest of saint James thappostale, in the year of our lord 1470; over my testament herebefore; first I will that thabbot of Chester have asmoch as is be hynde of iis of yerely Rent that yesame abbot claymed of a grounde called Lyme. Item I will yat Margaret Stathum have x marcs, Harry hir brother xls, litle Thomas his brother v marcs, and William hir brother asmoch as is behynde of his xli, if any be, and Luce his suster xli, except certyn costes that I have doone uppon of arreyment and boordyng of hir and hir husband oute of my hous, Sir Thomas can tell etc, and all ye Remnant of their brether bene paied. Item I will that my brothir Herry have cs and Nicholl my brothir x marcs for their labour aboute my testament if my goodes will atteyne to so much over my dettes. Item I will that John Stathum have my blak puke gowne and my greyhorse that did folowe me. Item I will yat my brothir Herry have one of my stode mares such as he wull chese. Item I will that Thomas Stathum have my violette gowne furred with lambe. Item I will that William Stathum have my grene gowne long that was last made. Item I will that Richard Hoogh have my dowblt of plate covered with worsted and my salett and my best pollax and my best hakeney horse and my grey ambulyng stagge. Item I will that Mawde Hopwode have x marcs.
    Proved at Lambeth, 19 January, 1470 (?1471)
  19. "The Descent of the Family of Statham", By Rev S P H Statham, appendix IV, page 101, gives the following transcript:
    WILL OF NICHOLAS STATHUM, KNIGHT
    (WATTYS. VI. 52 SOMERSET HOUSE)
    Dated July 15, 1472. Proved August 5, 1472
    In nomine patris et fillia spititus sancti amen. I Nicholas Stathum being of whole mine etc ..... the xv day of Julie the yere of our lord god m4clxxii and the xii yere of the reigne of King Edward the 4th, ordeyne etc with myne owner hand in maner and and forme as ensuyth. First I bequeath my soule etc .... my body to be buried in the Church of seint Jame at Garlikhithe if I dye within London or nygh thereto, the same to be doon with as little cost as can ... I will that there be said for the soules of John my Fader, Cecill my moder, John, Elizabeth, Goyth, Thomas, Roger, Edmond, William, Thomas and William within xl dayes after my decesse and with masses in the iiii howses of Freres in London, and to pay for every masse id, summa iiiili iiis iiiid. Item I wil yat alle my dettes be paid etc. Item I bequethe to the Freres of Houndeslowe iis, to the Hospital of Seint Thomas Spitill vs, to the White freres in flete Strete xxxd, to the Grey freres within Newgate xxxd, and to the Blak freres within Ludgate xld, and to the peintinge of the ymage of our lady in morley church xxd. Item I bequethe to Albright Taillour yat dwellid sum tyme with Stodard xld. Item I wil yat Love the Grocer at the Stokk in London have xxxvsh, in recompence of one plegge that he did forfitt to me, or els yat he have the same plegge of plate of the same price that he leide theym to me at his eleccion, for I did wyn more threnne xlvsh of the arras that he did forfitt me. Item I have xlvsh of Alice Baddesworth and she did certein trespas to my wife which mater was put in Robert Gate and John Multon I wol yat myne executores abide such ende as they woll sett therein. Item I did holde a Court at the Towne of London for Walwyn etc ... Item I resceived xvsh of [name not given] Bemont a worshipful squier of the west countes by the handes of Page in the last Parliament. I did nothing therefore and yff I did yet it is agenst my conscience for forasmoche as I was one of the parliament and shuld be indifferent in every matter in the parliament I wil he have it ageyne. Item I will ye be bestowed among my brother Jenkyn childre and servauntes ixli for divers causes yat move my conscience and yat it be doon by thavice of my sister Dame Elizabeth and of my brother Herry, and if part thereof be distribut among his servauntes and to the prior of Bredsalpark I wol yat it well done. I wil yat after my decesse that iii prestes have iche of them vis. viiid a yere by the space of iii yeres to pray for my soule and for the soules of my fader, Edmond Bibbesworth and other according to billes yat I have delivered theyme etc ... [The name of Thomas Ryplingham is afterwards added to the "billes"]. Also I will yat Thomas Ryplingham's wife have iiiŻd. I owe hir so much. Item I wol yat William my clerk have my litell olde statutes etc ... Also I wol yat Alice Ulkirkthorpe have to hir mariage xxvs, and I wil Patshe (Patsy) have of the goddes (goods) of Edmond Babbisworth toward hir mariage iiiili; and yat John White be founde a scole ii yere with the goodes of the saide Edmond or els yat he be goten to Cambrigge or Eton or els made prentice at grocers crauft by the discrecion of my wife. I wil yat there be bestowed Godith childre x marcs and if my daughter die or she be married I wiyl yat xx marcs more be bestowed among my said susters childre, and among my brother Jenkyns chilre and his servauntes, and in performyng of his bequest by the discrecion of my suster dame Elizabeth and of my brother Herry. Item I bequethe to Anne my daughter xlli to hir mariage and my best covered cup of silver ungilt, and if she dye or she be maried yenne yat my wife have ye same. And I wyl yat my wife have alle my goodes and dettes above my dettes paid and my said bequstes and thinges above wretyn, and yat she soole be executrix of this my poore testament for she is oone of the trouest gentilwoman yat liveth.
    Proved the fifth day of the month of August of the year above written and commission of administration issued to the relict and executrix.
  20. Pedigree of the Gilbert family of Yolgreave in the visitations of 1569 and 1611 (as published in "The Genealogist (New Series)" Volumes 7 & 8).
  21. "Notes on the Churches of Derbyshire", by J Charles Cox, 1875, Volume 2, pages 329-330, within the chapter on Youlgreave church, contains the following:
    Against the east end of the north aisle is a remarkable monument, which previous to the restoration was in the chancel; at an earlier date it was against the south wall of the south aisle, as descibed by Bassano; but it was originally designed (as we believe) to form a memorial reredos at the back of the chantry altar of the Lady Chapel in the latter aisle. This mural has twenty-one small figures carved in relief in alabaster. In the centre is the Blessed Virgin crowned, with the Child in her arms. To her right kneels a man with his seven sons behind him, to her left kneels the wife with their ten daughters behind her. Round the margin is the following inscription in rather illegible black letter :-
    "Hic jacet sub lapede corp' Roberti Gylbert de Yolgreff generosi, et Johe cosortis sue, que Joha obiit, iie die Novembris Ao dni M4CL13XII, qui quid' Robert clausura hujus capelle fieri fecit in Ao [superadict], et idem Robert' obit."
    The word in brackets is now missing, a piece of the marble having been cut out, but we have supplied it from the copy of the inscription taken by Bassano. The date of the death of Robert was never recorded. The meaning of the latter part of the inscription is, that Robert Gilbert erected in 1492, a screen, or parclose, round the east end of the south aisle, so as to form a chapel. Below the figures are three shields, (1) Statham (gu, a pale fusilly, arg, with a crescent for difference); (2) Statham impaling Rossington (arg a fesse between three crescents, gu); and (3) Rossington.
    The first of the Gilberts, of Youlgreave, mentioned in the Visitation pedigrees, is Robert Kniveton alias Gilbert, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Maple, of Mapleton. His son, Nicholas Gilbert, married Margaret, daughter and co-heiress of Sir John Rossington ... . Their eldest son and heir was Robert Gilbert, who, by his wife Alice, daughter of Nicholas Cooper, had issue Robert, commemorated by this monument. This Robert Gilbert married Joan, daughter of John Statham, of Horsley. The Gilberts, of Youlgreave, whose own arms were - gu, a bend vaire, arg and sab, seem to have for the most part adopted the arms of Rossington, as the more honourable family, after their alliance with that heiress. It should also be noted that a careless blunder of the original sculptor has reversed the arms on the monument, and has made Statham impale Rossington (i.e. Gilbert), instead of vice versa. Of the various children here depicted, we are only able to give the name of the eldest son and heir - Robert Gilbert, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Columbell, of Darley.*
    * For pedigree of Gilbert, alias Kniveton, see Egerton MSS 966 f28; Harl MSS 1537 f76. The Gilbert who married the heiress of Rossington is named Nicholas in the Harl MSS 1537, 6592, 2134, 886, and elsewhere, but he is named Richard in Egerton and Add MSS. We suppose that the Knivetons of Youlgreave, originally sprang from the Knivetons, of Kniveton, and changed their name to Gilbert through alliance with an heiress of that family. But younger branches of the Knivetons of Youlgreave, retained their patronymic. The Youlgreave registers contain various entries of Kniveton, both in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  22. Pedigree of the Kniveton alias Gilbert family, of Youlgreave, from the papers of Benjamin Bagshaw, antiquarian. Sheffield Archives reference Bag C/3361B



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