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James Hodgkinson

1807 - 1880

Father William Hodgkinson
Mother Hannah
Wife Ann Needham
Children Matthew, Moses, James, Arthur


James was born on 27th March 1807 in Flagg, the son of William and Hannah, and baptised on 26th April in Chelmorton (1). His father had at least 2 children from a previous marriage, but James was the first son born to Hannah & him. His younger brother Matthew was born in about 1812 (2), then his sister Hannah in about 1819 (3), and finally youngest sister Elizabeth followed six years after that (4).

James is believed to have had an illegitimate son Matthew in about 1831, although the identity of the mother is not known (5). Matthew presumably lived with his mother as a child, as at the time of the 1841 census he wasn't with his father, who appeared to lodging in the home of John and Elizabeth Mitchell (6).

James married a widow called Ann Needham, also from Flagg, in 1847 (7), and with her took on three step-children Mary Ann, Charles and Martha (8). James and Ann had their first child Moses in 1848 (9), followed by another son James in 1850 (10). Sometime in the 1840s James's first son Matthew had come to live with him (presumably on the death of his mother), and James's mother had similarly moved in with him, presumably after the death of James's father, and so by the census of 1851, James was living with his wife, his mother, his illegitimate son, his three step-children, and his two younger sons. He was said to be a farmer of 103 acres at the time (8).

His youngest son Arthur was born in 1854 (11). His eldest step daughter, Mary Ann, got married in 1859 (12), and her husband Henry Prime moved in with them (15). They had a son in 1860 (14), and were still living with James and Ann at the time of the 1861 census (15).

All of James's children and step children moved out over the next few years, except for his son Moses (17). Moses married in 1867 (16), and his wife Mary moved in (17). James's wife Ann died in March 1869 (18). From this point onwards the household steadily became more Moses's (even though James was still shown as the head in the 1871 census (17)). James would witness the birth of Moses's first 5 children before he died of dropsy on 21st August 1880 (20). He had made his will the previous year leaving the farm to son Moses, some other land to son James, an annuity to son Arthur, and a one off payment to son Matthew (21) (although it seems likely that he had already given part of the farm to Matthew around the time that Moses got married (5)).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. Baptism entry in Parish register of St John the Baptist's, Chelmorton reads:
    [1807, Ap] 26 Baptd James, Son of Wm Hodgkinson, farmer, Flagg & Hannah his Wife, born March 27th 1807
  2. Baptism entry in Chelmorton Parish Register reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    June
    6th [1819]
    born Sep 12th
    1812
    Matthew
    Son of
    William
    &
    Hannah
    Hodgkinson Flagg Farmer
  3. Baptism entry in Chelmorton Parish Register reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    June
    6th [1819]
    born June
    29th1814
    Hannah
    Daughter of
    William
    &
    Hannah
    Hodgkinson Flagg Farmer
  4. Baptism entry in Chelmorton Parish Register reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    June
    12th
    [1825]
    Elizabeth
    Dr of
    William
    Hannah
    Hodgkinson Flagg Labr
  5. See son Matthew's page for details
  6. Census of 7th June 1841 reads:
    Place: Flagg
    Jno Mitchell 40 Farmer
    Eliz Do 50 .
    Jas Hodgkinson 30 Farmer
  7. Parish Register of All Saints, Bakewell includes the entry:
    1847 Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Bakewell in the County of Derby
    When married Name and Surname Age       Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of marriage Father's name and Surname Rank or Profession of father
    June
    21st
    James Hodkinson of full
    age
    Bachelor Farmer Flagg William Hodkinson Farmer
    Ann Needham of full
    age
    Widow - Flagg William Bagshaw Farmer
    Married in the Parish Church of Bakewell according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after banns
    This Marriage was solemnised between us James Hodkinson his + mark in the Presence of us Thomas Flint
    Ann Needham  
  8. Census of 30th March 1851 reads:
    Place: Flagg
    James Hoskinson Head Mar 44 Farmer holding 103 acres land Derbyshire, Flagg
    Ann do Wife . 37 . Staffordshire, B??????top
    Hannah do Mother U 70 . Cheshire, [Tuamlle?] Green
    Matthew do son to head U 20 Farmers son Derbyshire, Greenside
    Mary Ann Needham step daughter . 11 Scholar Derbyshire, Flagg
    Martha do do . 7 do do do
    Charles do step son . 9 do do do
    Moses Hodkinson son . 3 do do do
    James do son . 1 . do do
    Hannah Mycock servant U 16 General Servant do do
  9. Based on his age in later censuses (8)(15)(17); an entry in the IGI for his baptism on 4th June 1848 in Chelmorton, and an entry in the index of birth certificates for a Moses Hodgkinson in Q2 1848 in Bakewell registration district.
  10. Based on his age in later censuses (8)(15); an entry in the IGI for his baptism on 13th March 1850 in Chelmorton, and an entry in the index of birth certificates for a James Hodgkinson in Q1 1850 in Bakewell registration district.
  11. Based on his age in later censuses (15); an entry in the IGI for his baptism on 6th June 1854 in Chelmorton, and an entry in the index of birth certificates for a Arthur Hodgkinson in Q2 1854 in Bakewell registration district.
  12. The index of marriage certificates includes entries for Mary Ann Needham and Henry Prime in Q2 1859 in Bakewell registration district.
  13. N/A
  14. The index of birth certificates includes an entries for Richard Needham Prime in Q2 1860 in Bakewell registration district.
  15. Census of 7th April 1861 reads:
    Place: Flagg
    James Hodgkinson Head Marrd 54 Farmer of 70 Acres Derby, Flagg
    Ann Hodgkinson Wife do 47 Farmer's wife Stafford, Leek
    Martha Needham daughtr Unmd 17 Daughter Derby, Flagg
    Moses Hodgkinson Son . 12 Scholar do, do
    James Hodgkinson do . 11 do do, do
    Arthur Hodgkinson do . 6 do do, do
    Henry Prime Son in Law Marrd 26 Clock & Watchmaker do, Middleton by Youlgreave
    Mary Ann Prime daughtr do 21 Wife of Do do, Flagg
    Richard Needham Prime Grandson . 11m . do, do
  16. The index of marriage registrations includes entries for Moses Hodgkinson and Mary Prime in Q1 1867 in Bakewell registration district.
  17. Census of 2nd April 1871 reads:
    Place: Ubberdale House, Flagg
    James Hodgkinson Head Widr 64 Farmer of 89 acres [Derbyshire]; [Flagg]
    Moses Do Son Mar 22 Farmer of 89 acres Do; Do
    Mary Do Daur in Law Mar 27 Farmers wife Do; Middleton
    Arthur Do Gr Son . 7 Mo . Do; Flagg
  18. Chelmorton Parish Register lists the burial of Ann Hodgkinson of Flagg, age 54, on 1st April 1869.
  19. N/A
  20. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell, states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Twenty first August 1880, Flagg James Hodgkinson Male 74 years Farmer Dropsy, Certified by J L Park MRCS Moses Hodgkinson, Son, Present at the death, Flagg Twenty third August 1880
  21. Contemporary probate copy of James Hodgkinson's will (page 1, 2, 3) (amongst post 1858 contemporaory probate record copies @ DRO) reads:
    This is the last Will and Testament of me, James Hodgkinson of Rock Field House, Flagg, in the Parish of Bakewell, in the County of Derby, Farmer. I appoint my son Moses Hodgkinson now residing with me; and my son James Hodgkinson now residing at Blackley in the county of Lancaster, Farmer, to be executors and trustees of my will, and I devise to them and their heirs all real estate to which I shall be entitled at the time of my death, as trustee on mortgage but subject to the equities affecting the same respectively. I bequeath the consumable household stores and provisions of which I shall die possessed together with the rest of the household furniture and effects to my son Moses Hodgkinson. Also I bequeath to my aforesaid son Moses Hodgkinson the house in which I now reside, together with the land adjoining thereto, consisting of three fields, two of which are known and called by the name of Lime Close containing in the whole eleven and a half acres or thereabouts.
    [Added later, squeezed between the lines] and which are bounded on the East side by land of John Hodgkinson, on the West by land of Evans, on the South by [?Flagg M.....ry?] and the third of the aforesaid three fields is known and called by the name of ["Swath Tall?]
    And as to all my live and dead farming stock of which I shall be possessed at my death I bequeath to my aforesaid son Moses Hodgkinson for his own use absolutely. And as to all the rest of the personal estate to which I shall be entitled at my death, I bequeath to my aforesaid son Moses Hodgkinson, upon trust to get in and convert the same into money, and thereout to pay my debts and funeral and testementary expenses, and then to stand possessed of the surplus for his own use absolutely. I devise all the real estate to which I shall be entitled at the time of my death, save and except the aforesaid three fields which I have bequeathed to my son Moses Hodgkinson, in the manner following. Namely, first as to all that piece of old enclosed land, now on heretofor divided into two fields and situation the Township of Flagg, and now on heretofor called the Over Hubberdale Close on Field Head, and containing eight acres and twelve perches or thereabouts, and bounded on the one side in part by land of John Hodgkinson and in part by land of John Newton Braddock and William Bown on two other sides by land of John Hodgkinson and on the remaining side by the lands herinafter described. I devise the same to the use of my son James Hodgkinson and his heirs forever, but nevertheless subject to, and charged with the payment of a legacy of fifty pounds to be paid by my aforesaid son James Hodgkinson to Matthew Hodgkinson formerly residing with me but now living at Hubberdale.
    Secondly as to all those three pieces or parcels of land situate in the said Township of Flagg and now on heretofor called and known by the names of Top Hubberdale and Middle and Nether Hubberdale and containing in the whole together ten acres or thereabouts by the same more or less. I devise the same to the use of my aforesaid Executors, subject to, and charged with an annuity of twelve pounds to be paid yearly to my son Arthur Hodgkinson for his lifetime, and in the event of my said son Arthur Hodgkinson dying and leaving issue then the aforesaid three fields or parcels of land called Top Hubberdale, Middle Hubberdale and Nether Hubberdale shall be divided equally among his children, but if my aforesaid son Arthur Hodgkinson should die having no children then I devise the aforesaid three fields Top Hubberdale, Middle Hubberdale and Nether Hubberdale to the children of my aforesaid sons Moses Hodgkinson and James Hodgkinson or their heirs, share and share alike.
    Lastly I revoke and declare void all former Wills and Codicils by me at any time heretofor made and do declare this to be my last will and testament. In witness whereof I the said James Hodgkinson the testator have to every sheet of this my will contains on seven sheets of paper set my hand this fourteenth day of April in the year of our Lord one thosand eight hundred and seventy nine.
    James Hodgkinson X his mark
    Signed published and declared by the said James Hodgkinson the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us present at the same time, who at his request in his presence and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as witnesses the same Will having been first read over by the undersigned
    James Slack of Alvaston
    Thomas Bunting of Wheal
    Proved at Derby the fourth day of October 1880 by the oaths of Moses Hodgkinson and James Hodgkinson the sons the executors to whom Administration was granted.
    The testator James Hodgkinson was was late of Rock Field House, Flagg, in the parish of Bakewell, the county of
    Derby, Farmer, and died on the twentyfirst day of August 1880 at Rock Field House Flagg aforesaid.
    Personal estate under 500
    Extracted by the executor in person
  22. White's directory of 1852 lists James amongst the farmers of Flagg.
  23. White's directory of 1857 lists James amongst the farmers of Flagg.



Notes:


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