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Martha Needham

1812 - 1879

Father Joseph Needham
Mother Hannah Horobin
Husband William Wood
Children Mary Ann, Hannah, Jonathan, Joseph


Martha was born in the spring of 1812 (1) in Glutton Bridge (2), the eldest child of Joseph and Hannah, and baptised at St Michael & All Angels in Earl Sterndale on 20th April (3).

She married William Wood, a farmer, on 7th October 1833 at St Giles in Hartington (4). This was undoubtably a bit of a rushed marriage as their first child, Mary Ann, was born less than 6 months later, at which time their residence was given as Hurdlow (5). Their next child Hannah, was born in 1835, by which time they lived in Sterndale (6). Their last two children Jane Ann (1836 (7)) and Joseph (1839 (8)) were both also born in Sterndale. Her daughter Hannah died in early 1840 (12), by which time the family had moved to Crowdicote. It is assumed that their daughter Jane Ann also died somethime before 1841 (13).

At the time of the 1841 census (9) they were still living in Crowdicote (10). Sometime between 1846 and 1851, it seems her husband William inherited his father's farm in Hurdlow. (14), where they stayed until at least 1861 (16), at which time Martha's new son-in-law William Allen was living with the family, but by 1871 they had moved to a slightly smaller farm in Taddington (17).

Martha died there of pneumonia in 1879 (18). Her husband survived her by 8 years (19).


Brief details of her children:



Sources:

  1. Based on her baptism (3), her age at death (18), and on the 1851 census (15) she was probably born between 26th February and 30th March 1812
  2. Her place of birth is given as Glutton Bridge in both her baptism (3), and the 1861 (16) and 1871 (17) censuses. The 1851 census (15) gives Hartington Middle Quarter but this is the parish containing Glutton Bridge.
  3. Parish Register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale includes the entry:
    August 20 1812 Baptd Martha Daughter of Joseph & Hannah Needham Glutton Bridge
  4. Marriage entry in the parish register of St Giles, Hartington reads:
    William Wood of this Parish
    Bachelor and Farmer
    and Martha Needham of this Parish
    Spinster
    were married in this Church by License with Consent of
    Parents this seventh Day of
    October in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty three
    By me W. M. Ward M. A. Vicar.
    This marriage was solemnized between us William Wood, Martha Needham X Mark
    In the presence of William Needham, [Sam Johnson]
  5. Baptism entry in parish register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    April
    6th
    [1834]
    Mary
    Ann
    Daugr
    of
    Wm and
    Martha
    Wood Hurdlow Farmer
  6. Baptism entry in parish register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    April
    19
    [1835]
    Hannah
    Daugr
    of
    Wm
    &
    Martha
    Wood Sterndale Farmer
  7. Baptism entry in parish register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    Decr
    11
    [1836]
    Jane Ann
    Daugr of
    Wm and
    Martha
    Wood Sterndale Farmer
  8. Baptism entry in parish register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    Febr
    10
    1839
    Joseph
    son of
    Wm
    &
    Martha
    Wood Sterndale Farmer
  9. Census of 7th June 1841 reads:
    Place: Hartington Middle Quarter
    William Wood 25 Ag Lab
    Martha Do 25 .
    Mary Ann Do 7 .
    Joseph Do 2 .
  10. The 1841 census (9) only gives their residence as Hartington Middle Quarter, but their next-door neighbours Joseph and Ann Gould had a one month old daughter at the time. This daughter, Harriet, was baptised a week earlier at Earl Sterbdale church when her parents residence was given as Crowdicote (11), so it seems certain William and family were still there.
  11. Baptism entry from parish register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale (transcript by Ancestral Archives of Derbyshire) states that Harriet Gould, the daughter of Joseph & Ann was baptized on 30th May 1841, and gives Joseph's's occupatuion as farmer and residence as Crowdicote.
  12. Sheen Parish Register notes the burial of Hannah Wood of Crowdicote on 19th February 1840
  13. Whilst no record of his burial has been found, he cannot be found in any censuses and no marriage record can be found. There is a burial in Sheen (where his sister Hannah was buried a week later) for a Jane Wood of Crowdicote aged 3 on 12th February 1840. It seems quite possible that there was an error and this is actually him, or,... he is actualy her - i.e, either the baptism name of Jonathan or the burial name of Jane is wrong!
  14. See her husband's page
  15. Census of 30th March 1851 reads:
    Place: Hartington Middle Quarter
    William Wood Head Mar 39 Farms 100 Acres Stafford, Warslow
    Martha Do Wife Mar 39 . Derby, Hartington Middle Q
    Maryann Do Daur U 17 . Do Do
    Joseph Do Son . 11 . Do Do
  16. Census of 7th April 1861 reads:
    Place: Hurdlow
    William Wood Head Mar 50 Farmer of 100 acres Staffordsh, Elkston
    Martha Wood Wife Mar 49 Farmer's wife Derbysh, Glutton Bridge
    Joseph Wood Son Un 22 Farmer's Son Derbysh, Earl Sterndale
    Mary Ann Allen Daur Mar 27 Farmer's Daur Derbysh, High Needham
    William Allen Son-in-law Mar 27 Agricultural Lab: Derbysh, Flagg
  17. Census of 2nd April 1871 reads:
    Place: Taddington
    William Wood Head Mar 61 Farmer of 80 Acres Staffords, Elkstone
    Martha Do Wife Mar 59 Do wife Derbys, Glutton Bridge
    Joseph Do Son Unm 32 Do son Do, Earl Sterndale
  18. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Twenty fifth February 1879, Taddington Martha Wood Female 66 years Wife of William Wood, Farmer Pneumonia Congestion, Certified by JS Parke MRCS Thomas Rodgers, present at the Death. Taddington Twenty sixth February 1879
  19. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    First March 1887, Taddington William Wood Male 77 years Farmer Disease of heart, Dropsy, Ulcerated Legs. Certified by John S??????? Parke MRCS William Allen Son-in-law, in attendance. Flagg Twenty sixth February 1879



Notes:


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