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Geoffrey de Cornwall

1335 - 1365

Father Richard de Cornwall
Mother Sybil de Botringham
Wife Cecily
Children Brian, Richard, Geoffrey, Ellen


Geoffrey was born in Stapelton Castle on 8th September 1335, the son of Richard & Sybil, and baptised the same day at St Andrew's church in Presteinde. His first nurse/nanny was called Joan le Wodeward. (1)

Nothing is known of any siblings he may have had.

His father died soon after his 8th birthday, in October 1343 (2), and he was made a ward of William de Cusancia (3). His paternal grandmother, Margaret, died around the end of 1345 (4), adding further to his pending inheritance (5). Three years after this, in May 1349, with Richard aged 13, his mother also died (6). By then he was a ward of the Earl of Warwick (28)(6), who it seems was at least as interested in the profit to be made from the arrangement, as with Geoffrey's welfare! (7)

Geoffrey married a woman called Cecily (17), and he was granted two of the manors from his future inheritance, while still only 19 (8), likely due to the responsibilities arising from his first son, Brian's, birth (9).

He proved his age a couple of days after his 21st birthday (1), and came into his inheritance of the barony of Burford soon afterwards (10).

Geoffrey and Cecily also had a son Richard (11), and possibly a son Geoffrey (12) and daughter Ellen (13).

In 1358, he was accused, along with his uncle Geoffrey, and others, of attacking Reynold de la Mare, over some old disagreement (27). It seems he was closely allied with his uncle Geoffrey, as he also temporarily granted lands in Northamptonshire and Devon to him at some stage (16).

He was styled "Sir Geoffrey", in an entry in the Close Rolls, 35 years after his death, in 1390 (13), and he may have been called a knight in his inquisitions post mortem (this title only appears in the heading to his inquisitions in the calendars (16)). Burke's also claim he was a knight (15), but I can find no documentation from when he was alive to confirm this. However, he may well have been on military service when he "died in parts beyond seas" in 1365 (16).

Cecily survived him by about 4 years, dying in July 1369 (17), having remarried in the meantime (18).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol X, Edward III", 1921, entry no. 332, states:
    GEOFFREY, SON AND HEIR OF RICHARD DE CORNUBIA, KINSMAN AND HEIR OF MARGARET DE CORNUBIA
    Writ to the escheator to take the proof of age of the said Geoffrey, whose lands &c are in the custody of Juliana, late the wife of John Talbot of Richard's Castle and Richard de Estham, executors of the will of the said John Talbot. 26 August, 30 Edward III.
    SALOP AND THE ADJACENT MARCH OF WALES. Proof of age taken at Wystanstowe, 11 September, 30 Edward III
          William de la More, aged 60 years says that the said Geoffrey was 21 years of age and more at the Nativity of the Blessed Mary last, for he was born at Stepelton and baptised in St Andrew's church, Presteinde, on the Nativity of St Mary, 9 Edward III, and this he knows because he acted as esquire to the said Margaret and was sent to Richard de Turpeton, then abbot of Wygemore, to pray him to be a godfather of the said Geoffrey, and so he was.
          John de la Rode, aged 40 years, agrees and says that on the same feast on which the said heir was born he married Rose, daughter of Roger de Weston.
          Peter de Calweton, Richard le Baillif and John de Egedon, each aged 53 years, agree and say that on the day of the said Geoffrey's birth they were present at Stepelton and saw him carried to the church and after baptism carried back to the castle of Stepelton with singing and a great concourse of people praising God for his birth.
          Roger de Auldon, John le Theyn of Brome, aged 60 years, agree and say that on the day of the said Geoffrey's birth Roger de Leynthale, then bailiff of Stepeton, was drowned in a certain water called 'Lugge'.
          William de Coston, Richard le Theyn and John Godmon, each aged 43 years agree and say that on the day of the said Geoffrey's birth the town of Stepelton was destroyed by a general fire.
          Thomas le Wodeward, aged 54 years, agress and says that Joan his wife was nurse of the said Geoffrey immediately after his birth.
          Philip Jones aged 60 years, agrees and says that his eldest son John was born on the same day.
          The escheator warned the abovenamed executors of the will of the said John Talbot to be present at the taking of this proof, but they came not.                                                                                                 C. Edw. III. File 135 (9)
  2. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol VIII, Edward III", entry no. 461, states:
    RICHARD SON OF GEOFFREY DE CORNUBIA
    Writ 24 October, 17 Edward III.
    NORTHAMPTON, Inq taken at Daventre, 30 October, 17 Edward III.
          Throp. The manor (extent given), held as of fee of Chokes by service of two parts of a moiety of a knight's fee, and five messuages and five virgates of land in Norton (extent given), which contain a moiety of the manor of Norton, held jointly with Sibyl his wife, by the grant of Geoffrey de Cornewaylle and Margaret his wife,......, by virtue of a certain fine levied in the king's court at York in 2 Edward III, to hold the said manor and its appurtenances to the said Richard and Sibyl and the heirs of their bodies, of the said Geoffrey and Margaret, and the heirs of the said Geoffrey, for ever, rendering yearly to the said Geoffrey and Margaret, for the lifetime of the said Geoffrey, £40 sterling, and to the heirs of the said Geoffrey a rose yearly, for all services &c with reversion of the said manor, and the messuages and land in Norton, in default of issue of the said Richard and Sibyl, to the said Geoffrey and Margaret and the heirs of the said Geoffrey, quit of other heirs of the said Richard and Sibyl, to be held of the chief lords of that fee, by the services thereto belonging, for ever.
          Norton. The other moiety of the manor (extent given), held, by the grant of Joan, late the wife of Richard de Cornubia, to the said Richard and the heirs of his body, of the said Joan and her heirs by the service of a rose yearly, by virtue of a fine levied in the king's court at Westminster in 10 Edward II. He held no other lands &c.
                He died on Monday next before St Denis last. Geoffrey his son, aged ... years at the feast of the nativity of the Blessed Mary last, is his next heir.                                                                                                 C. Edw. III. File 69 (24)
  3. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, 1343-1345", 1902, page 134, lists:
    Nov 1 1343. Grant to William de Cuscania of the marriage of the son and heir of Richard de Cornubia, tenant in chief, the king's ward.
  4. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Volume V, Edward III, 1337-1347", 1915, page 432, lists:
    Dec 26 1345. The like [order to take lands into the king's hands] to John de Coggeshale, esheaor in the county of Essex, William de Radenore, escheator in the county of Hereford, John de Worthyn, escheator in the county of Worcester, Walter de Horton, escheator in the county of Devon, John de Swynnerton, escheator in the county of Salop, and John de Wyndesore, escheator in the county of Leicester, touching the lands late of Margaret late the wife of Geoffrey de Cornewaille.
  5. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XII, Edward III", 1938, entry no. 456 (in the addenda to Vol VIII), states:
    MARGARET LATE THE WIFE OF GEOFFREY DE CORNUBIA
    SALOP &c. Abstract of inquisitions made before William de Berkhampstede, escheator in all the lands reserved for the king's chamber, of Margaret's pourparty of the lands of the inheritence of Robert (recte Hugh) de Mortuo Mari, her father, which are in the king's hand by reason of the minority of Geoffrey, son and heir of Richard de Cornubia, son of the said Margaret and Geoffrey. March and April, 22 Edward III.
    Burford. The manor, held of the king in chief by knight's service. It is the capital manor of the barony of Burford, and the following knights' fees and advowsons belong to it:-
          Mulston. The manor, held by Henry de Mortuo Mari, who acquired it from John Godard, in the lifetime of Margaret. ½ fee.
          Tilsop. The manor, held for life by Agnes late the wife of Roger de Elmrige. ½ fee.
          Stoke. Tenements held by William Aleyn by an old acquisition; formerly held by Margaret le Blake. Two thirds of ½ fee.
          Stoke. Tenements lately held by Henry le Muneter, acquired by Geoffrey de Cornubia, late lord of the manor of Burford, and now in the king's hand with the other demesnes of Burford.
          Hull. The manor, held by John son of William del Hull. 1/11 fee.
          Assheford Carbonel and Overton. Tenements held by Juliana late the wife of Hugh Carbonel and Thomas his son. ½ fee.
          Sutton Sturmy. The manor, held by John son of Robert Sturmy.
          Oversapy. co. Worcester. The manore, held by Hugh de Cokeseye by gift of the said John Sturmy.
                These two manors are held by the service of one fee.
          Curwyard, co. Worcester. The manor held by John Wyard. ½ fee.
          Wetemore. Tenements held by William de Hull of Wetemore. 1/9 fee.
          Nensolers with Whitton. The manor, and the advoson of the church, held by Roger le Mortymer. 1 fee.
          Teteshull and Marbrok. The manors, held by Peter Corbet. ½ fee.
          Rummesle and Baggesore. The manors held by Ivo de Rummesle. 1 fee.
                These last three items John Talbot, knight, claijms to be held of him, as of the pourparty of Joan Talbot his mother, one of the sisters and heirs of Robert de Mortuo Mari (sic), vouching the partition made in Chancery between her and Margaret, Robert's other sister and heir (sic). Let the partition, said by him to have been made about 2 Edward II, be searched.
          Grete. The manor, held by Philip de Grete and in the king's hand by his death. ½ fee.
          Weston. The hamlet, held by the said Philip by mesne tenure, to wit of the lord de CLifford, as of his manor of Temdebyry; which lord holds it in service of the earl of Lincoln, who holds it of the manor of Burford. It is in the king's hand as above. ½ fee.
          Overkyngesheinde and Knulle. The manor (sic), held by Ralph de Lyngeyn. 1/3 fee.
          Stanage. The hamlet, held by Brian de Brompton. ¼ fee.
          Netherkyngesheinde, Hache and Lutton. The manor (sic) held by John Sturmy. ¾ fee.
          Assheford Boudelers. The manor, held by Robert de Boudelers. ¼ fee.
          Overton. The town, held by John de Overton. ¼ fee.
          Wolfurton. A caracute of land, held by William Carbonel. ¼ fee.
          Stepilton. Half a caracute of land, held by William son of Ralph. 1/40 fee.
          Button. The manor, held by William de Wetemore. ¼ fee.
                It is not known whether these last eight items were assigned to the pourparty of Margaret or of Joan, so let the partition be searched, as above.
          Overton. Tenements held in socage by Laurence de Leod. ½ fee.
    Burford. The advowson of the church belongs to the manor. In the church are three portioners. Two of the portions are with cure and belong on voidance to the gift of the heir of Richard Cornwaill, or during the heir's minority to the king. The third portion is said not to be with cure and belongs to the gift of John Talbot, knight
    Grete. ...
    lengthy section on a dispute between other parties over who should hold the manor from the heir of Richard de Cornubia - of no importance here.
    WORCESTER. Hamcastel.The manor, held of the king in chief by knight's service. No fee or advowson belongs to it; but the master of the chantry of Bledelowe and his fellws have tenements there belonging to their chantry, which was founded by the predecesoors of the lords of Hamcastel, Burford and Richardescastel. When a master dies, the lords of those places shall choose another fit man to hold the mastership of hte place and chantry by their common consent and will.
          Holyn. Tenements held by the prior of Westwode. 1/8 fee.
          Little Sutton. Tenements held by William de Steple. 1/20 fee.
          Podyford by Martleye. There are certain tenants there who hold by knight's service, rendering scutage to the manor of Rachefford, amount unknown.
    HEREFORD. Stepelton. Knights' fees belonging to the castle and manor appear among the knights' fees of Burford. There is no advowson of a church there.
          Lentwardyn. No knight's fee or advowson of a church belongs to the manor, because the lord of Mortuo Mari is the chief lord there.
    WORCESTER. Carkedon. There is no knight's fee or the advowson of a church there.
    LINCOLN. Denton. There is no knight's fee or the advowson of a church there.
    NORTHAMPTON AND BUCKINGHAM. Throp by Daventre and Ever. Sibyl late the wife of Richard de Cornubia holds the manors, with tenements in Norton, for life, with reversion to Richard's heir.
          See Vol VIII No 461
                                                                                                    E Enrolmants &c of Inq. No 61 (2)
  6. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol IX, Edward III", 1916, entry no. 175, states:
    SIBYL DE CORNUBIA or DE CORNEWAILLE
    Writ 1 June, 23 Edward III.
    NORTHAMPTON. Inq taken at Daventre, 10 June, 23 Edward III.
          She held nothing of the king in chief in the county on the day she died, because on Monday after SS Tiburtius and Valerian, 21 Edward III, she gave by deed the manor of Throp by Daventre (extent given) and a moiety of the manor of Norton and two messuages and two virgates of land there to John de Botryngham, her brother, and John de Vyelston, in survivorship, to hold of her and her heirs by service of a pair of gloves, price 1d, and doing to the chief lords the services due; after which deed she never took any estate from the said John and John, nor was ever afterwards seised. The manor of Throp is held of Sir John de Molynes in chief as of the fee of Chokes; and the moiety of the capital messuage of the manor of Norton and two messuages and two virgates of land are held of Sir Thomas de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick.
          She died on Saturday after the Ascension last. Geoffrey de Cornwaille, aged 13 years, in the wardship of the said earl, is her heir.
    Writ, 1 June, 23 Edward III.
    BUCKINGHAM. Inq taken at Evere, the day of St Thomas the Apostle, 23 Edward III.
          Evere. A messuage, 120 a land, 29a meadow, 2a pasture and 63 s rent of free tenants, held for l ife, of the feoffment of Geoffrey de Cornewaill, to Richard de Cornwaill and the said Sibyl and the heirs of the said Richard, now deceased; which Richard held the said lands &c of Ralph de Nevill, as of his manor of Evere, by homage and fealty and service of 12s tearly and a moiety of a knight's fee; a moiety of a virgate of land held in the same form by the same feoffment, of John atte Ford, by fealty and service of 6s 9d.
          She died on Friday after St Dunstan last. Geoffrey, son of the said Richard and Sibyl, aged 14 years, is her heir.
    Letter of attorney of Thomas Frembaud, escheator in co Buckingham, appointing Robert de Hadham, escheator of the king's chamber. his deputy to make execution of a writ of diem clausit extremum directed to him touching the death of Sibyl de Cornewaill; London Wednesday the feast of St Martin, 23 Edward III.                                                                                                 C. Edw. III. File 95 (5)
  7. "Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, Vol IX, 1349-1354", 1906, page 408, lists:
    Feb 10 1352. To Robert de Hadham, escheator of lands reserved to the king's chamber. Order to retain in the king's hand until further order the manor of Throp near Daventre and a moiety of the manor of Norton, and not to intermeddle further with the other moiety of the manor of Norton, of which Richard son of Geoffrey de Cornubia was seised alone, restoring the issues thereof to Thomas de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, as the king has learned by inquisition taken by Thomas de Bukton, late escheator in the county of Northampton, that Richard at his death held a moiety of the manor of Norton in his demesne as of fee, and that he held jointly with Sibyl his wife the said manor of Throp and the other moiety of the manor of Norton, which moiety contains 5 messuages and 5 virgates of land, for themselves and the heirs of their bodies of the gift of Geoffrey de Cornewaille and Margaret his wife, and that the entire manor of Norton is held of the said earl by knight's service, and the manor of Throp is held of John de Molyns as of fee of Chokes, and the earl has besought the king to order his hand to be amoved from the said moiety of which Richard alone was seised, and to cause the issues thereof to be restored to him, as immediately after Richard's death he obtained the wardship of the body of Geoffrey, Richard's son and heir, and of the said moiety of which RIchard alone was seised, and the said moiety was taken into the king's hand among the lands of Margaret de Cornewaill, grandmother of the said Geoffrey son of Richard, whose heir he is, who held in chief and who died long after possession of the body of the heir and of the said moiety was obtained by the earl, togerther with the manor of Throp and the other moiety, after the death of Sibyl, who survived the said Margaret.
  8. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, 1354-1358", 1909, page 214, lists:
    April 30 1355. Grant to Geoffrey son and heir of Richard de Cornewaille, within age and in the kings ward, of the manors of Norton and Throp, co Northampton, which are in the king's hands by reason of the nonage of the said Geoffrey, to hold until his full age.
  9. Geoffrey's heir, i.e. his eldest son (to survive to adulthood), was Brian, who was 10 years old in May 1365 (16), 14 in August 1369 (17), and claimed his inheritence, aged 21, in May 1376 (19), meaning he was born around May 1355.
  10. "Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, Vol X, 1354-1360", 1908, page 279, lists:
    Sept 19 1356. To John de Swynnerton, escheator in Salop and the adjacent march of Wales. Order to cause Geoffrey son and heir of Richard de Cornwaille, and kinsman and heir of Margaret de Cornewaille, tenants in chief to have seisin of all the lands whereof Richard and Margaret at their deaths were seisied in their demesne as of fee, as Geoffrey has proved his age before the escheator and the king has taken his homage and fealty for the lands which Richard and Margaret held in chief and has rendered them to them.
    By K. on the information of James de Beauford, controller of the king's household
    To Richard Hody, esheator in Devon. Like order in favour of the said Geoffrey, who has proved his age before John de Swynnerton, escheator in Salop, and whose homage and fealty the king has taken as aforesaid.
    The like to the following, to wit:-
    Thomas atte Barre, escheator in the county of Hereford
    Leo de Perton, escheator in the county of Worcester
    Peter de Salford, escheator in the county of Buckingham
    Walter Parles, escheator in the county of Northampton
    William de Enefeld, escheator in Essex
    Thomas de Fulnetby, escheator in the county of Lincoln
    A further entry the next day continues:
    Sept 20 1356. Mandate to the executors of the will of John Talbot of Richard's Castle not to intermeddle further with the lands which belonged to the said Margaret and which are in his wardship until Geoffrey come of age, by the king's commision.
    The like to the executors of the will of Maurice de Berkele for the same Geoffrey.
  11. No direct documentary evidence of Richard being the son of Geoffrey has been found. However he is referred to as the brother of Brian, Geoffrey's son, a number of times, and was his heir (20).
  12. Two inquisitions post mortem (21)(22), and subsequent entries in the fine rolls(23)(24) from 1370-71 appear to show that Geoffrey's son and heir was called Geoffrey. However Geoffrey's heir was named as Brian at the time of his death in 1365 (16), and Brian eventually inherited on his coming of age in 1376 (19), so there is something amiss with these two entries. It doesn't seem possible that they relate to a different branch of the family (i.e. Geoffrey being the heir of a different Geoffrey), because one of them indicates that his inheritence included the manor of Stapleton (24), and it is clear that at the time of Brian's death (20), Stapelton was still in the branch of the family that held Burford .
    On closer inspection, it can be seen that both of the inquisitions post mortem, although dated in 1370 and 1371, actually refer to the deaths of men in 1348 and 1352, at which time Richard's father Geoffrey was a minor. So I don't believe that these actually lend any support to the notion of Richard having a brother of that name.
    The visitation of Shropshire from 1623 (in which the pedigree was presumably accepted on the basis of some sort of evidence, albeit possibly not definitive) (25), claims that Geoffrey's 3rd son was called Geoffrey, so I'm not ruling out the possibility.
  13. I have found no evidence of a sister Ellen, but she is shown in the pedigree given in the visitation of Shropshire 1623 (25), and "The House of Cornwall", Liverpool and Reade, 1908, states that Brian granted £10 per annum each to Richard and her in 1390, although it doesn't give specific details of the source for this claim.
  14. "Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Richard II, Vol IV, 1389-1392", 1913, page 311, lists:
    Dec 12 1390. Sir Brian de Cornwaille, knight of Bourforde to William de Naffreton and Joan his wife and to the heirs and assigns of the said William. Charter indented with warranty of the manor called Cornewailles in Evere, Langelee and Horton, with rents and services of all his tenants, free men and neifs and all his lands there, all which descended to him by inheritence after the death of Sir Geoffrey de Cornwaille knight his father, under a condition that if the said William and Joan, their assigns and executors, shall hold and enjoy the same all their lives and one year longer, not being troubled by Sir Brian or his heirs, nor by any other in their name or by their will, it shall then be lawful for Sir Brian, his heirs or assigns, to enter and hold the premises to them and their heirs, this indenture or the seisin thereupon had notwithstanding, that if after the term above limited the heirs of the said William shall enter and hold the same, they shall render unto Sir Brian £40 a year rent, and that if the said William shall die in Joan's lifetime, and she shall be by any man impleaded concerning the premises, and shall vouch to aid or warranty any stranger save Sir Brian and his heirs to their disherison, after such voucher it shall be lawful for them to enter and hold the same to them and their heirs; but covenant that the said William shall lop or fall no timber upon those lands save for building and repair of houses of the manor. Witnesses: Henry atte Water, John atte Forde, Richard Cardel, John Dayman, William Pays. Dated Evere, the feast of Michaelmas 14 Richard II. [28/12/1390]
  15. "Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition Vol II", 2003, page 1670, sub Grey, provides the following pedigree :
    Lineage (of Corn[e]wall):
          KING JOHN: married 2nd 24 Aug 1200 Isabella, only daughter and sole heiress of Dolomar Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, by Alice, daughter of Pierre de Courtenay (youngest son of LOIUS VI OF FRANCE; see also DEVON, E), and by her had a 2nd son:
          RICHARD, COUNT OF POITOU by Aug 1225 (renounced circa Dec 1243), 1st EARL OF CORNWALL, so styled from 21 Aug 1227 and KING OF THE ROMANS (i.e. heir presumptive to the Holy Roman Empire), so elected at Frankfurt 13 Jan 1256/7 and crowned at Aachen 17 May 1257 but soon ejected and returned to England, three of the Electors apparently having thrown him over because his monetary inducements to them were too small, Privy Coucil [1253]; born 5 Jan 1209; Constable Wallingford Castle 1216; knighted Feb 1224/5 and granted by his brother HENRY III 13 Feb 1224/5 the County of Cornwall during the King's pleasure, following which he was presumably invested as Earl of that county; Lt of Guienne 1226-27; Ambassador in HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR FREDERICK II 1237 and POPEs INNOCENT IV and ALEXANDER IV 1250 and 1259 respectively; went on Crusade 1240-41; Co- or sole Regent during his brother HENRY III's campaigns in Gascony 1253/54, fought with his brother HENRY III against Simon de Montfort's barons Battle of Lewes 1264, where captued; married 1st 30 March 1230/1 Isabel, 3rd daughter of William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and widow of Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford and (2nd Earl of) Gloucester, and had three sons (all died young or
    sp); married 2nd 22 Nov 1243, Sancha, sister of his brother HENRY III's wife ELEANOR and 3rd daughter and coheir of Raymond Berengar V, Count of Provence, and by her had two or three further sons (also died young or sp, including the 2nd and last EARL OF CORNWALL); married 3rd 16 June 1269 Beatrice, 2nd daughter of Waldram de Fauquemont (or Valkenberg, Nr Maastricht), Seigneur de Montjoie and brother of Engelbert Archbishop of Cologne, and died 2 April 1272, leaving by Jeanne de Valletort an illegitimate son:
          RICHARD de CORNWALL: granted 1283 by his half brother 2nd EARL OF CORNWALL the Manor of Thunnock, Lincs; killed Siege of Berwick 1296, leaving, with an elder son (Sir Edmund):
          Sir GEOFFREY CORNWALL: 1st feudal Baron of Burford, Salop; married by 1309 as her 1st husband, Margaret (born 14 Sept 1295; married 2nd William de Evereys and died circa Dec 1345), younger daughter and coheir of Hugh de Mortimer, 1st and last Lord (Baron) Mortimer of the Feb 1298/9 creation (see ZOUCH, B), and died by June 1335 leaving, with other issue, including an eldest son (Geoffrey):
          Sir RICHARD CORNWALL: 2nd feudal Baron of Burford; born 1313; married Joan - and died 1343 leaving:
              1a GEOFFREY (Sir)
              2a A son
              3a John (Sir): married -, niece of the Duke of Brittany ...
    The eldest son,
          Sir GEOFFREY CORNWALL: born 1335; 3rd feudal Baron of Burford; married Cecilia Seymour and died 1365, leaving, with other issue, including an elder son (Bryan(Sir), born 1355, 4th Feudal Baron of Burford, Sheriff Salop 1378-80 and Staffs 1378, married Matilda - and
    dsp 1400):
          RICHARD CORNWALL>: born 1360; 5th feudal Baron of Burford; married Cecilia, daughter of Sir John Merbury, and died 1443, having had an elder son:
          EDMUND CORNWALL: married 1st -; married 2nd Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas de la Barre, and
    dvp Cologne 1435, leaving an eldest son:
          THOMAS CORNWALL: married Elizabeth Lenthall and had issue.
  16. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XII, Edward III", 1938, entry no. 12, states:
    GEOFFREY DE CORNUBIA of DE CORNEWAILL, knight*
    Writ, 23 October, 39 Edward III
    HEREFORD. Inq. taken at Rachford, 2 December, 39 Edward III
          Rachford. A moiety of the manor (extent given), held of the king in chief by service of a barony. The extent includes a moiety of a park.
          He died in parts beyond seas on 18 May last, as the jurors understand. Brian his son, aged 10 years at the feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross last, is his heir.
    SALOP AND HEREFORD AND THE ADJACENT MARCH OF WALES. Inq taken at Stepelton, 3 December, 39 Edward III
          Stepelton. The manor (extent given, including a castle and works of tenants of other lords for the easement of common of pasture there), held of the king in chief by service of a barony.
          Leyntwardyn. £4 16d rent of free tenants, held of the heir of Roger de Mortuo Mari, late earl of March, by knight's service.
    SALOP. Inq taken at Borford, 1 December, 39 Edward III
          Borford. The manor (extent given), held of the king in chief by service of a barony. The extent includes a park.
          Overes. The hundred, held of the king in chief by service of rendering 6s 8d yearly at the Exchequer by the hands of the sheriff.
          He held no other lands &c in the county.
          He died on 18 May last, as the jurors understand. Heir as above
    Writ 23 October, 39 Edward III
    ESSEX. Inq (indented) taken at Neuport, 10 February, 40 Edward III
          Amberden. The deceased demised his manor of Amberden to John de Depeden, John Kempe, Richard Fifhide and William Michel for their lives, by an indenture between him and them dated at London, Friday after the quindene of Easter, 31 Edward III. John de Depeden died, and John Kempe, Richard Fifhide and William Michel granted all their estate in the manor to John Berners the elder and his heirs, by virtue of which grant the same John was seised in form aforesaid; and after his death John his son entered and had possession. During his possession Geoffrey de Cornewall released to him and his heirs and assigns all his right in the manor by a deed dated at Depeden, 12 April . 38 Edward III. The manor is held of the king, as of the homour of Peverel, by service of one knight's fee and suit to the king's court of Hatfield Peverel every month.
          Geoffrey de Cornewall held no other lands etc in the county.
          He died about the feast of St Luke last. Geoffrey (sic) his son is his next heir in blood, age not know because he dwells outside the neighbourhood (patria) in the county of Salop.
    [Commission+ to Richard Scholl and Richard Waryn to enquire as to the lands and heirs of Geoffrey de Cornubia, knight, and Marmaduke de Lomley, knight, &c. 22 November, 39 Edward III] (missing)
    [HEREFORD]. Inq taken before Richard Sholl and Richard Waryn at Racheford, Monday after the Epiphany, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey Cornuayle, knight, held of the king:-
          Rachefford. A moiety of the manor (extent given), held as a member belonging to the manor and barony of Borfford.
          He held nothing of any others.
          He died on Friday in Whitsun week, 39 Edward III. Brian his son, aged 10 years at the feast of the Holy Cross next, is his heir.
          Philip Lotteleye, the escheator, Hugh de Boraston and John Aboveton, reeve of Borforde, have been inpossession since his death until to-day, and have received the profits, together with the executors of Geoffrey and also with the king's escheator.
    [HEREFORD]. Inq taken at Stepulton before the same, Thursday after the Epiphany, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey de Cornuayll, knight, held of the king:-
          Stepulton. The manor with the castle (extent given).
          Date of death and heir as last above.
          Philip Lotteleye, the escheator, has removed all the profits since Geoffrey's death until the present day.
    [HEREFORD]. Inq taken at Leyntwardyn before the same, Wednesday after the Epiphany, 39 Edward III.
          Leyntwardyn. Lands and tenements.
          Date of death and heir as last above.
          Philip Lottell', the escheator, has taken all the profits since Geoffrey's death until the present day.
    [WORCESTER]. Inq taken at Hommecastel before Richard Sholl, Monday after the conversion of St Paul, 40 Edward III.
          Geoffrey Cornwayle, knight, held:-
          [Hommecastel and Karkedon]. A garden, 30a demesne land, 7a meadow pasture, underwood and 77s 5d rents, held of the king's in chief.
          Date of death as last above. Brian, his son, is his heir.
          Leo de Perton, the escheator, and Hugh de Boraston have received all the profits of the manors of Hommecastel and Karkendon since his death until the present day.
    NORTHAMPTON. Inq taken at Northamtone, 21 February, 40 Edward III, before Richard Sholl and Richard Waryn, concerning the lands &c. late of Geoffrey Cornuayle, knight, and Marmaduke Lomeleye.
          Throp. The manor, held of the king in chief of the fee of Chokes.
          Norton by Davintre. The manor, held of Thomas de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick.
          These the said Geoffrey gave to Geoffrey Cornuayll his uncle, John Gour, William atte More, chaplain, and Hugh de Boraston, without the king's license, to the disinheritence and defrauding of the of the wardship of his heir. Afterwards he came and re-entered the said manors, and recieved all the rents &c and died in seisin.
          He died on 1 September in the aforesaid year (sic), as the jurors understand. Brian his son is his heir.
          Robert Gyll held the manor at farm of the aforesaid Geoffrey for a term of years, and so from him one Hugh de Boraston received all the profits of the same manor (sic) from the day of Geoffrey's death until the present day
    DEVON. Inq taken before the same at South Molton, 20 December, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey de Cornwaille, knight, held:-
    Kyngesnementon. The manor, held of the king in chief, which he gave to his uncle Geoffrey Cornwaille and others (as above), and afterwards resumed as in the last inquisition.
          He died on 1 September, 39 Edward III, as the jurors understand.
          Heir not known, because not in the county.
          Walter de Wodelonde, knight held the manor at farm of the said Geoffrey, and so has had possession and taken all the profits since the said Geoffrey's death until the present day.
    SALOP. Inq taken before the same at Borford, Saturday after the Epiphany, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey de Coruayle, knight, held:-
          Boreforde. The manor (extent given, including a park and the hundred of Overes), held of the king in chief.
          He held nothing of other lords in the county.
          He died on Friday in Whitsun week last. Brian his son, aged 10 years on the feast of the Holy Cross next, is his heir.
          Hugh de Borastone, Philip de Lotteleye, the escheator, and John Aboveton have taken and possessed all the profits of the manor since the death of Geoffrey until the present day.
          The following were held of him:-
          Putelesden. The manor, held by John Gour, services not known.
          Wyle. The manor, held by John Herle, service not known.
          Sottone Stormy. The manor, held by the lady de Cokes'.
          Sheldesleye. The manor, held by the lady de Sheldesleye.
          Grote. The manor, tenure not stated.
          Achford and Overtone. The manors, held by Richard Estham.
          Hull. An eleventh part of a knight's fee, held by William Hull
                                                                                                    C. Edw. III File 184 (12)
                                                                                                    E. Inq. P.M. File 24 (15)
    WORCESTER. Inq taken at Worcester before the echeator, 36 (sic) November, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey de Cornubia held the following of the king in chief by service of the barony of Boreford:-
          Homme. A messauge, a garden, a moiety of a caracute of land, 16a meadow, 30s rents of assise of free tenants (there are no bondmen there), 6a thick wood, and pleas of court worth 12d yearly.
          Carkedone. A toft, a moiety of a caracute of land, 2a meadow, and 13s 4d rents of assise of free tenants.
          He held no other lands &c in the county.
          He died in parts beyond seas on 18 May last. Brian, his son, aged 11 years , is his heir.
                                                                                                    E. Inq. P.M. File 24 (15)
    * So called in several of the inquisitions but not in the writs.
    + See Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1364-1367, p.207 (26).
  17. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XII, Edward III", 1938, entry no. 330, states:
    CECILY LATE THE WIFE OF GEOFFREY DE CORNEWAILL, or CORNUBIA, knight
    Writ, 14 August, 43 Edward III
    SALOP. Inq. taken at Boreford, 24 August, 43 Edward III
          Boreford. £12 5d yearly rents of free tennants in the manor, held in dower of the inheritence of the said Geoffrey.
          Leyntwardyn in the adjacent march of Wales. 40s yearly rents of free tenants in the town, held in like manner * by endowment of Ingelram de Cousy, earl of Bedford, in recompense of her dower of the manor of Stepelton and other manors of the inheritence aforesaid. She held no other lands &c in the county.
          She died on 26 July last. Brian, son of the said Geoffrey and Cecily, aged 14 years, is her heir.
                                                                                                    C. Edw. III File 208 (3)
                                                                                                    E. Inq. P.M. File 30 (17)
    WORCESTER. Inq taken at Worcester, 18 August, 43 Edward III
          Homme Castel. A third part of a moiety of the manor, held in dowerof the inheritence of the said Geoffrey by endowment of Ingelram lord de Coucy, earl of Bedford. She held it of the king in chief by knight's service.
          Date of death and heir as above.
                                                                                                    E. Inq. P.M. File 30 (17)
    * The Exchequer copy, in an interlineation, states that the premises were held of the king in chief by service of part of a barony
  18. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, Vol XIV, 1367-1370", 1913, page 99, lists:
    April 5 1368. Pardon to Richard de Biterle and Cecily, late the wife of Geoffrey de Cornewaill, who held in chief, of their trespass in inter-marrying without the king's licence.
  19. "Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, Vol XIV, 1374-1377", 1913, page 311, lists:
    May 20 1376. To William Walshale esheator in Salop and the march of Wales adjacent. Order to cause Brian son and heir of Geoffrey de Cornewaille tenant in chief to have seisin of his father's lands taken into the king's hand by his death; as he has proved his age before the escheator, and the king has taken his homage and fealty.
  20. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XVII, Henry IV", entries no. 59-63, states:
    BRIAN DE CORNEWAILLE, KNIGHT.
    59. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    DEVON. Inquisition. Winkleigh. 19 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee the manor of King's Nympton with the advowson, of Richard Seymour, knight, of his manor of North Molton by knight service, annual value £20.
          He died on 17 Jan last. Richard his brother and heir is aged 30 years and more.
    60. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    HEREFORD AND THE ADJACENT MARCH OF WALES. Inquisition, Leominster. 19 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee various hamlets: Oatcroft, Titley, Cascob, Wapley, Combe and Rodd, with their apputenances in Lugharness in the Welsh March, with pleas of court and rents. These hamlets are parcels of the castle and town of Stapelton, held of the king in chief of the barony of Burford, annual value £8 5s.
          William atte Boure and Maud his wife hold half the manor of Rochford for life, by the grant of Brian, with remainder to his right heirs. It is held of Robert Clifford by the rent of one sparrowhawk, annual value 40s.
          Date of death and heir, aged 33 years and more, as above.
    61. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    SHROPSHIRE AND THE ADJACENT MARCH OF WALES. Inquisition, Ludlow. 16 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee of the king in chief:
          Burford, the manor, parcel of the barony, as 2½ knight's fees, annual value £18.
          Overs, the hundred, at fee farm, by a rent of 6s 8d payable by the sheriff, annual value 20s.
          Stapelton, the castle and vill, with the hamlets of Frodesley and Willey in the Welsh March, with pleas and perquisites of court, as members of the barony of Burford, annual value £12.
          Roger Wiggemore has an annual rent of 100s for life in Leintwardine, Kington, Burrington, and Adforton in Wigmoreland, by the grant of Brian, with reversion to his right heirs. William atte Boure and Maud his wife hold for life an annual rent of 40s in Whitton, Rockhill and Stokesay, also by grant of Brian, with reversion to his right heirs.
          Date of death and heir, aged 33, as above.
    62. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    WORCESTER. Inquisition. Upton on Severn. 23 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee half the manor of Ham, but of whom and by what service is unknown. There are ½ caracute, annual value 13s 4d; 4a meadow, 13s 4d; and assize rents of 20s payable at Lady Day and Michaelmas; total 46s 8d. Similarly he held the manor of Carton, of whom and by what service is unknown, annual value 26s 8d.
          Date of death and heir, aged 30, as above.
    63. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    NORTHAMPTON. Inquisition. Daventry. 24 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee 1 messuage, 1 caracute and 4a meadow in Thrupp by Daventry, annual value 30s; and 1 caracute in Welton, annual value 13s 4d, of whom all are held and by what service is unknown.
          On 8 Jan 1396 by the name of Brian de Cornewaille, knight, lord of Burford and Stapelton, he granted by his charter to William Wysham, knight, Robert Lodelowe, Roger Butley, John Baddeshawe, Nicholas Baker, rector of Burford, John Sturmy, John Sondon, and Robert Gyles their heirs and assigns the manor of Norton by Daventry. It is held of Thomas de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, by the service of a half a knight's fee, annual value 10 marks.
          He died on 7 [sic] January, heir, aged 33, as above.
                                                                                                    C. 137/5 no 25.
                                                                                                    E. 149/74 no 14.
  21. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XIII, Edward III", entry no. 12, concerns the lands of William Baret of Ashe Stormy, Salop. Much of it is of no relevance here, but it states that he held :
    A messuage and a carcute of land, held of Geoffrey de Cornubia, son and heir of Geoffrey de Cornubia, then a minor in the king's wardship, by service of 10s yearly.
  22. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XIII, Edward III", entry no. 107, concerns the lands of Robert Golafre of Staunton, Hereford. Much of it is of no relevance here, but it states that he held in Staunon Logerous :
    12a land, held of Geoffrey de Cornubia, a minor in the king's wardship, as of the manor of Stepelton, which is of the inheritence of the said Geoffrey and is held of the king in chief by knight's service.
  23. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol VII, Edward III, 1368-1377", 1924, page 115, lists:
    April 28 1371. Order to William Banastre, escheator in the county of Salop, pursuant to an inquisition made by him shewing that William Baret of Asshe Stormy did not hold any lands in chief in the said county, but held in his demsne as of fee a messuage and a caracute of land in Asshe Stormy, co. Salop, of Geoffrey de Cornubia, son and heir of Geoffrey de Cornubia, who held in chief, a minor in the king's ward, by the service of 10s yearly, and that Roger, son of Roger Baret, William's brother, is William's next heir and of full age, - to deliver the premises to the said heir after taking his fealty.
  24. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol VII, Edward III, 1368-1377", 1924, pages 130/1, lists:
    July 2 1371. Order to William Auncell, escheator in the county of Hereford,-pursuant to an inquisition made by him shewing that Robert Golafre of Staunton did not hold any lands in chief in the said county on the day of his death, but held 12 acres of land in Staunton Logerous of Geoffrey de Cornubia, then a minor in the king's ward, as of the manor of Stepelton, which was and is of Geoffrey's inheritence and is held in chief by knights service, and also held in his demesne as of fee a messuage and a virgate of land in Netherstaunton of others than the king, and that William, his son, is his net heir and of full age,- to take the fealty of William and deliver the said 12 acres to him.
  25. Pedigree of the Cornwall family of Burford in "The Visitation of Shropshire taken in the year 1623" (published by The Harleian Society 1889), page 146.
  26. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, Vol XIII, 1364-1367", 1912, page 207, lists:
    Nov 22 1365. Commission to Richard Sholle and Richard Waryn to find by inquisitions in the counties of Salop, Hereford, Worcester, Northampton, Buckingham, Essex and Devon, how much land Geoffrey de Cornubia, 'chivaler' and Marmaduke de Lomley, 'chivaler', deceased, held of the king in chief in those counties and how much of others, how much these are worth yearly, who and of what age are the next heirs, and who have occupied the lands since the death of Geoffrey and Marmaduke and by what title.
  27. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, Vol XI, 1358-1361", 1911, page 160, lists:
    Nov 10 1358. [Commission of oyer and terminer] to Ralph, earl of Stafford, William de Shareshull, Robert Corbet of Morton, Richard de la Bere and Robert de Wyghthull, on complaint by Reynold de la Mare, 'chivaler', that Geoffrey son of Richard de Cornewayll, William son of Peter Corbet, Geoffrey son of Geoffrey de Cornewayll, knight (militis), William de Bereford, Thomas de Longeley, William de Spiritre, Richard his son, John de Rowell 'clerk, and many others of their confederacy, arrayed as for war, of ancient malice planning to do him such bodily injury as they could, came to Greote, co Salop, assaulted him in the church of that town where he then was and would have drawn him from the church to kill him, afterwards besieged him long in the said church, imprisoned there his bondman and servant Reynold Waties, deputed by him to have hislands in divers places tilled and make other profit for him, brought the said Reynold thence and kept him long time with them imprisoned. For 30s paid in the hanaper.
  28. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Volume V, Edward III, 1337-1347", 1915, page 496, lists:
    Jan 10 1347. Grant to Thomas de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, for good and gratuitous service, of the marriage of the heir of Richard de Cornewayl, who held of the earl, of the wardship of whose lands and heir the earl was seised after Richard's death, the king having taken the wardship of the heir into his hand, claiming the marriage after the death of Margaret de Cornewayl, Richard's mother, who held of the king in chief. to hold of the king's gift; grant also to him of the wardship of the lands late of Margaret, which the king has not first committed to others, to hold until the lawful age of the heir, rendering yearly in the chamber the value thereof.



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