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Joseph Swindell

1836 - 1899

Father Samuel Swindell
Mother Mary Ann Robinson
Wife Hannah Ashmore
Children John Thomas, Mary Ellen, Samuel, Emma, Elizabeth, William, Henry, Hannah, Advent


Joseph was born in Tideswell in about 1836 (1), the third child of Samuel and Mary Ann. His oldest brother Job was about 6 at the time (2), and his older sister Hannah about 3 (3). His next younger sister Mary was born about 1840 (4), so by the census of 1841 (5), Joseph is found living with his parents and 3 siblings on Sheffield Road, Tideswell (6).

Joseph's youngest sister Emma, was born when he was about 6 (7), and his youngest brother James in late 1844 (8). A couple of years later, his sister Mary died, aged 7 (36). Thus by the time of the 1851 census (9), Joseph was living with his parents and 4 siblings on Cliffe Side. His occupation was simply listed as farmer's son. His Uncle Henry was also lodging with them at the time.

His brother Job probably left home when he got married later that year (10). His brother James is believed to have died in the mid 1850s (11), and his sister Hannah probably left home when she got married at around the end of the 1850s (12). Hence by the census of 7th April 1861 (13) only Joseph and his younger sister Emma were still living on Cliffe Side with his parents. Joseph was by then described as a Wheel-Wright.

Joseph married Hannah Ashmore on 26th October 1863 in Bakewell (14). Their first child John Thomas was born around the summer of 1864 (15), followed by Mary Ellen in spring 1866 (16). Joseph's father, Samuel, died in April 1867 (17). His son Samuel was born in May 1868 (18), followed by daughter Emma in October 1869 (at which time he had changed his occupation to carpenter) (19), thus by the census of 2nd April 1871 (20), Joseph (now calling himself a joiner) was living with his wife and four children at Crow Holt in Tideswell. His daughter Elizabeth was born a fortnight later (21), followed by son William in about the summer of 1872 (22). Joseph's mother Mary Ann died at about this time (23) (by which time Joseph was described as both "Joiner & Wheelwright" (38)), and left about half her estate to him (his sister Hannah was left an equal share, and a smaller share went to his elder brother Job) (38). He also inherited another 40 from his uncle Joseph soon afterwards (39).

Jospeh's daughter Elizabeth died in about the spring of 1876 (24), his son Henry was born in 1877 (25), and daughter Hannah in 1879 (26). Hence at the census of 3rd April 1881, Joseph had his wife and 6 children living with him at Crow Holt (27). His eldest daughter Mary Ellen was missing though, as she was living with her aunt Elizabeth (her mother's sister).

Joseph's youngest son, Advent, was born later that year (28). Two of Joseph's sons, Samuel and John Thomas, both died in the summer of 1884 (29) (30). His daughter Mary Ellen left home to marry John Thomas Moseley in 1888 (31), although she only moved next door! (32).

Sometime in the 1880s, Joseph was involved in a legal dispute with the Duke of Devonshire (37). No details are known, but the Duke was the largest landowner/landlord in the area, so it may have been a dispute over land/rent?

The census of April 1891 shows Joseph and his wife with 5 of their children, still living at Crow Holt. His son William was an apprentice joiner & wheelwright, so he was obviously intended to take over Joseph's business (32), however this was not to be as William died in 1898 (33). Joseph himself died in May the following year aged 61 (34). He was survived by his wife for another 2 years (35).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. No baptism record or birth certificate have been found, but his age given on all censuses and his death certificate indicate that he was probably born between 7th June 1836 and 30th March 1837
  2. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    Mar 18th
    [1830]
    Job
    son of
    Saml
    &
    Mary Ann
    Swindell Tideswell Labourer
  3. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    Feby 12th
    [1833]
    Hannah
    Daugr of
    Saml
    &
    Mary Ann
    Swindell Tideswell Labourer
  4. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    1840
    Jany 1st
    Mary Samuel
    &
    Mary Ann
    Swindell Tideswell Carrier
  5. Census of 7th June 1841 reads:
    Place: Sheffield Road, Tideswell
    Samuel Swindell 35 Carrier
    Mary Do 35 .
    Job Do 11 .
    Hannah Do 8 .
    Joseph Do 4 .
    Mary Do 1 .
  6. The two adjacent households are both headed by publicans - John Cowan and Martha Leech. In 1846 they kept The Cross Daggers and The George respectively, so the family must have lived somewhere either at the bottom of the Cliffe or St John's Road.
  7. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    Mar 20th
    [1842]
    Emma Samuel
    &
    Mary
    Ann
    Swindell Tideswell Carrier
  8. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    Decr 31st
    [1844]
    James Samuel
    &
    Mary Ann
    Swindell Tideswell Carrier
  9. Census of 30th March 1851 reads:
    Place: Cliffe Side, Tideswell
    Samuel Swindell Head Mar 47 Farmer 20 Acres Derby, Tideswell
    Mary A do Wife Mar 45 do Wife do, do
    Job do Son U 21 do Son do, do
    Hannah do Daur U 18 do Daur do, do
    Joseph do Son U 14 do son do, do
    Emma do Daur . 9 Scholar do, do
    James do Son . 6 do do, do
    Henry do Lodger . 59 Higler do, do
  10. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    1851 Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Tideswell in the County of Derby
    When married Name and Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of marriage Father's name and Surname Rank or Profession of father
    September
    11th
    Job Swindell of full age Bachelor Labourer Tideswell Samuel Swindell Farmer
    Ann Catharine Brightmore of full age Spinster Weaver Tideswell Thomas Brightmore Mason
    Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after banns
    in the presence of George Dawson, Mary Brocklehurst
  11. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    James Swindell Tideswell April 4th
    [1854]
    9
    years
  12. Hannah's marriage has not been found, but her first child was born between April and July in 1861.
  13. Census of 7th April 1861 reads:
    Place: Cliffe Side, Tideswell
    Samuel Swindell Head Mar 57 Farmer of 22 acres [Derbyshire], Tideswell
    Mary A Do Wife Mar 55 Farmer's wife Do, Do
    Joseph Do Son un 24 Wheel-Wright Do, Do
    Emma Do Daur Un 19 Powerloom Weaver Do, Do
  14. Marriage Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    1863 Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Bakewell in the County of Derby
    When married Name and Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of marriage Father's name and Surname Rank or Profession of father
    Oct
    26
    Joseph Swindell of full age Bachelor Wheel-wright Tideswell Samuel Swindell Farmer
    Hannah Ashmore of full age Spinster - Ashford Thomas Ashmore Mineral Miner
    Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after banns
    in the presence of Elizabeth Ashmore, William Ashmore
  15. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    1864
    September
    25th
    John
    Thomas
    Joseph
    &
    Hannah
    Swindell Tideswell Wheelwright
  16. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    April
    25th
    [1866]
    Mary
    Ellen
    Joseph
    &
    Hannah
    Swindell Tideswell Carpenter
  17. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Twentysixth April 1867, Tideswell Samuel Swindell Male 63 years Farmer Dropsy, Certified Joseph Turner, present at the death, Tideswell Twentyeighth April 1867
  18. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    July
    5
    [1868]
    Samuel Joseph
    &
    Hannah
    Swindell Tideswell Wheelwright
    Born 17 May 1868
  19. Birth Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where born Name Sex Name and surname of father Name, surname and maiden surname of mother Occupation of father Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Eighteenth October 1869, Tideswell Emma Girl Joseph Swindell Hannah Swindell, formerly Ashmore Carpenter (Master) Hannah Swindell, Mother, Tideswell Fifteenth November 1869
  20. Census of 2nd April 1871 reads:
    Place: Crow Holt, Tideswell
    Joseph Swindell Head Mar 33 Joiner Derbyshire, Tideswell
    Hannah Do Wife Mar 32 Joiner's Wife Do, Monyash
    John T Do Son . 6 Scholar Do, Tideswell
    Mary E Do Daur . 5 Scholar Do, Do
    Samuel Do Son . 2 Scholar Do, Do
    Emma Do Daur . 1 . Do, Do
  21. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    May
    3rd
    [1871]
    Elizabeth Joseph
    &
    Hannah
    Swindell Tideswell Wheelwright
    Born 16 April 1871
  22. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    1872
    October
    6th
    William Joseph
    &
    Hannah
    Swindell Tideswell Joiner
    Born Augt 24 1872
  23. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Eighth September 1872, Tideswell Mary Ann Swindell Female 66 years Widow of Samuel Swindell, a Farmer Natural Causes, Certified X The mark of Hannah Drabble, present at the Death, Tideswell Tenth September 1872
  24. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Elizabeth Swindell Tideswell June 20th
    [1876]
    5
    years
    Died June 18th
  25. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    1877
    November
    27th
    Henry Joseph
    &
    Hannah
    Swindell Tideswell Wheelwright
    Born Nov 13th 1877
  26. Hannah's age on censuses implies she was born in 1879 or 1880, so she is probably the Hannah Swindell whose birth was registered in Bakewell in the 3rd quarter of 1879.
  27. Census of 3rd April 1881 reads:
    Place: Crow Holt, Tideswell
    Joseph Swindell Head Mar 43 Joiner Derbyshire, Tideswell
    Hannah Do Wife Mar 41 Joiner's Wife Do, Monyash
    John T Do Son Unm 16 Railway Ticket Collector Do, Tideswell
    Samuel Do Son . 12 Scholar Do, Do
    Emma Do Daur . 11 Scholar Do, Do
    William Do Son . 8 Scholar Do, Do
    Henry Do Son . 3 Scholar Do, Do
    Hannah Do Daur . 1 . Do, Do
  28. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    When
    baptized  
    Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parents Name   Abode   Quality, Trade
    or
    Profession  
    Christian Surname
    1881
    September
    18
    Advent Joseph
    &
    Hannah
    Swindell Tideswell Joiner
    Born July 26 1881
  29. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Samuel Swindell Tideswell July 3rd
    [1884]
    16
    years
    Died June 30th
  30. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    John Thomas Swindell Tideswell September
    25
    [1884]
    20
    years
    Died Sept 22
  31. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    1888 Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Bakewell in the County of Derby
    When married Name and Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of marriage Father's name and Surname Rank or Profession of father
    1888
    February
    11th
    John Thomas Moseley 27 Bachelor Quarryman Tideswell late Samuel Moseley Shoemaker
    Mary Ellen Swindell 21 Spinster Winder Tideswell Joseph Swindell Wheelwright
    Married in the Parish Church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after banns
    in the presence of William Slack Flint, Emma Swindell
  32. Census of 5th April 1891 reads:
    Place: Crow Holt, Tideswell
    Joseph Swindell Head M 53 Joiner & Wheelwright Derbyshire, Tideswell Employer
    Hannah Do Wife M 51 . Do, Monyash .
    William Do Son S 18 Apprentice Joiner & Wheelwright Do, Tideswell Employed
    Emma Do Daur S 21 Cotton Winder Do, Do Employed
    Henry Do Son . 13 Scholar Do, Do .
    Hannah Do Daur . 11 Do Do, Do .
    Advent Do Son . 9 Do Do, Do .
  33. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    William Swindell Tideswell 1898
    January
    14th
    25
    years
    Died 12th Jany
  34. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Second May 1899, St John's Road, Tideswell Joseph Swindell Male 61 years Wheelwright and joiner (Master) Pyclitis, General Exhaustion and Cardiac Failure. Certified by J H Parke MRCS Mary Ellen Moseley, Daughter, present at the death. Market Square, Tideswell Second May 1899
  35. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Seventh July 1901, St John's Road, Tideswell Hannah Swindell Female 62 years Widow of Joseph Swindell, a Wheelwright Master Thyroid Tumour, Laryngeal Obstruction, Certified by J H Parke MRCS Emma Flint
    Daughter
    present at the death
    White Hart Inn
    Tideswell
    Eighth
    July
    1901
  36. Parish Register of St John the Baptist, Tideswell includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Mary Swindell Tideswell Jany 10th
    [1847]
    7
    years
  37. Contemporary probate copy of Thomas Ashmore's will (amongst post 1858 contemporary probate record copies @ DRO) reads:
    This is the last Will and Testament of me, Thomas
    Ashmore of Monyash in the County of Derby, Miner. First
    I direct that my Executors hereinfater named in this my will
    do as soon after my decease as may be convenient pay all my just
    debts and funeral expenses togerther with the expenses incurred in a
    Law suit between Joseph Swindell of Tideswell and the Duke
    of Devonshire, Secondly I give devise and bequeath unto my dear
    wife Mary, my son William Ashmore of High St, Derby, Engine
    Driver, and my four daughters Mary Stone the wife of John Stone
    of Taddington; Hannah Swindell wife of Joseph Swindell of
    Tideswell; Elizabeth Harrison wife of Francis Harrison of
    Tideswell; Maria Morton wife of Mathew Morton of Gt Longstone,
    all and every my real and personal estate whatsoever and
    wheresoever that I may be possessed of at my decease each to have share
    and share alike, and if any of my children do not survive me then the
    share of such son or daughter to be equally divided amongst his of
    her children, if my dear wife should not survive me then her share
    to be divided amongst my children. I hereby appoint my son William
    Ashmore and my son in law Joseph Swindell of Tideswell, Executors of
    this my will, hereby revoking all former wills. In Witness whereof
    I have hereunto set my hand this twentyeight day of June one
    thousand eight hundred and eighty four - Thomas Ashmore -
    Signed by the Testator Thomas Ashmore and for his his last will and Testament
    in the presence of us, present at the same time who in his presence at his request
    and in the presence of each other have hereunto set our names as
    witnesses - Mary Ashmore; Philip Heaton Flint, Tideswell
            Proved at Derby the 26th day of November 1884 by the
            Oaths of William Ashmore, the son, and Joseph
            Swindell the Executors to whom administration
            was granted
    The Testator Thomas Ashmore was late of Monyash in the County
    of Derby Miner and died on the thirtieth day of July 1884 at Monyash
    aforesaid
            Gross value of Personal Estate 545:0:0
    Extracted by William Briggs, Solicitor , Derby.
  38. Contemporary probate copy of Mary Ann Swindells' will (amongst post 1858 contemporary probate record copies @ DRO) reads:
    This is the last Will and Testament of me Mary Ann Swindells
    of Tideswell in the County of Derby, Widow, of the late Samuel Swindells
    of Tideswell deceased, Farmer, Hay and Straw Dealer, made and published, as
    follows, that is to say, First I order and direct that all my just debts
    funeral Expenses, and the charges of the proving and executing of this my Will
    be paid and discharged by my Executors herinafter named and appointed as
    soon as conveniently may be after my decease and subject thereto. I dispose
    of my property as follows - I Give and Bequeath all and singular
    household, goods, furniture, [.....], Books, Prints, Pictures, Book and
    other debts, and all other my Personal Estate and Effects whatsoever and
    wheresoever unto and to my Son Joseph Swindells Joiner and Wheelwright
    and my Daughter Hannah Drabble wife of Joseph Drabble Labourer
    both of Tideswell aforesaid their Executors, Administrators and assigns, to
    and for their own sole and seperate use share and share alike, butin case any
    dispute shall arise between them my aforesaid Son and Daughter as to the
    share or shares of them, or either of them, I do hereby order and direct
    my Executors hereinafter named and appointed to sell and dispoae of my
    aforesaid Personal Property for the most money either by Public Auction
    or private contract than can be obtained for the same, and the money to
    arise by such sale to be equally divided between my aforesaid Son
    Joseph Swindells and Hannah Drabble. And also I Give and Bequeath
    to my Son Joseph Swindells aforesaid and my Daughter Hannah Drabble
    aforesaid the money to arise and to which I am entitled to from the
    Odd Fellows Club of Tideswell at my decease. And I also Give, bequeath
    and devise all that my freehold House, Barn, Stable, Cowhouse, and
    all other the Premises situate, standing and being in the Township and
    Parish of Tideswell aforesaid in the County of Derby aforesaid commonly
    called or known by the name of the Cliff, with the respective
    appurtenances thereunto belonging unto and to my Executors hereinafter
    named and appointed in trust, to sell and dispose of my said freehold
    Property for the most money that can be obtained for the same either by public Auction
    or private contract and the money to arise from such sale, (and if any
    surplus, residue or remainder after my just debts be paid) to be equally
    divided amongst my Son Joseph Swindells aforesaid and my Daughter
    Hannah Drabble aforesaid and my son Job Swindells of Tideswell aforesaid
    Hay and Straw Dealer their Executors, Administrators and assigns. And
    Lastly I hereby nominate Constitute and appoint my Son Joseph
    Swindells Joiner and Wheelwright of Tideswell and Robert Bradwell
    of Sheffield Yeoman my Executors of this my last Will hereby revoking and
    making void all and every former and other Will or Wills by me at
    any time heretofore made and do declare this to be and contain my last Will
    and Testament. In Witness whereof I the said Mary Ann Swindells
    the Testatrix to this my last Will and Testament have set my hand
    and Seal this fourteenth day of August in the year of Our Lord One
    thousand eight hundred and sixty seven
            Mary Ann Swindell
                her X mark
    Signed, sealed, published and
    declared by the Testatrix Mary Ann Swindells as and for her last
    Will and Testament, in the presence of us, who at her request in
    her presence, and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed
    our names as Witnesses to the due execution thereof.
            Robinson Westray, Abney Grange, Yeoman
            George Bagshaw, Abney Grange, Farmer
    Proved at Derby the 30th day of May 1873 by the Oath
    of Joseph Swindell (in the Will written Swindells) the son,
    one of the Executors to whom Administration was granted;
    Powere reserved to Robert Bradwell the other Executor.
    The Testatrix Mary Ann Swindell was late of Tideswell in the County
    of Derby, Widow, and died on the 8th day of September 1872, at Tideswell
    aforesaid.
            Effects under 100
  39. Contemporary probate copy of Joseph Swindell's will (amongst post 1858 contemporary probate record copies @ DRO) This is the last Will and Testament of me Joseph Swindell
    of Tideswell in the County of Derby Farmer and Coal Dealer. First I order
    and direct that all my just debts funeral and testamentory expenses should
    be paid and discharged by my Executors hereinafter named as soon as conveniently
    may be after my decease, out of my personal estate and effects. And I give and
    devise all my Real and personal property whatsoever and wheresoever and of what
    kind soever unto my dear wife Frances Swindell for her own use and benefit for
    and during the term of her natural life and from and immediately after her
    death, Then I order and direct that all my Property Estate and Effects should be
    disposed of in manner following namely, it is my Will and Pleasure, that
    all those my four cottages or dwellinghouses with their gardens rights and
    appurtenances situate and being at the south end of the Town of Tideswell aforesaid
    and commonly called or known by the name of the Lodge shall be divided
    between Thomas Bennet the Grandson of my said wife Frances Swindell
    and son of William Bennet of Tideswell aforesaid Weaver, and my sister
    Emmet Longson Wife of Joseph Longson with a power of appointment during
    their lifetime in case of neccesity and in default thereof to the child or children
    of each their heirs and assigns for ever as follows namely the two standing
    northwards or nearest to the Town of Tideswell with the gardens belonging to
    the same and their appurtenances unto the said Thomas Bennet. And the other
    two standing southwards or further from the town of Tideswell with the gardens
    belonging to the same and their appurtenances unto my said sister Emmet
    Longson wife of Joseph Longson. And as to all the rest and remainder of my
    Property Estate and Effects not herinafter specially mentioned and bequeathed
    and comprehending my three closes or parcels of land known by the name of the
    Lodge aforesaid and also my other close or parcel of land situate on Tideswell
    Moor all which were lately in my own occupation, but are now in the
    occupation of Thomas Needham of Tideswell aforesaid as tenant from year to
    year and also all my household goods and furniture money out at Interest, Bank
    and oter debts owing to me at the time of my decease and all other matters and
    things whatsoever not hereinafter enumerated and of which I have a disposing
    power. I order and direct my Executors or their survivors Executors or representatives
    or each of them as the ase may be to sell and absolutely dispose of the same,
    either by Public auction or by private contract as to them or him shall seem
    best and for the best price and most money that can be obtained and after such
    sale or sales the proceeds thereof shall be collected into one entire sum and
    afterwards divided or distributed as follows, namely forty pounds to my Nephew
    Joseph Swindell the son of my late brother Samuel Swindell, the like sum of
    forty pounds to my Nephew Samuel Schofield of Heaton Norris in the County
    of Lancaster and son of my late sister Martha the like sum of forty pounds
    to my Nephew John Hillkirk of Wakefield in the County of York and son of
    my late sister Sarah Hillkirk and twenty pounds to my brother in law Joseph
    Longson as some recompence for personal services long rendered to me, and the
    surplus or remainder if any I order and direct shall be divided equally between
    the said Thomas bennet and the said Emmet Longson. And I hereby nominate
    and appoint my friends Joseph Gilbert of Tideswell Shopkeeper and Durham
    Wragg of the [Quarters] in the parish of Hope Farmer to be Executors of this
    my Will and his or their receipt shall be a sufficient discharge to the Purchaser
    or the Purchasers of any Land matter or thing sold by him or them under this
    my Will and such purchaser or purchasers shall not be obliged to enquire into
    the legality, propriety or impropriety of any such sale or sales and revoking
    all other Wills or Will heretofore made by me I the said Joseph Swindell the
    Testator do hereby declare this to be my last Will and Testament this fifteenth
    day of August one thousand eight hundred and seventy four as witness the
    mark of my hand
            Joseph Swindell
                his X mark
    Signed and acknowledged by the said Joseph Swindell the Testator by his mark on the
    preceding pages hereunto annexed and also on the fourth and last page in the
    presence of us, who at his request in his presence, and in the presence of
    each other have subscribed our names as witnesses to the execution thereof the
    day month and year mentioned.
            Thomas Shaw Ashton
            James Harrison
    Proved at Derby the 20th day of November 1874 by
    the Oaths of Joseph Gilbert and Durham Wragg the
    Executors to whom Administration was granted.
    The Testator Joseph Swindell was late of Tideswell in the County of Derby
    Farmer and died on 21st day of August 1874 at Tideswell aforesaid
            Effects under 300



Notes:

Any paperwork extant related to Joseph being an apprentice, or a master to other apprentices?


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