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Robert de Mortimer

died 1219

Father Robert de Mortimer
Mother unknown
Wife Margaret de Say
Children Hugh


Robert was the son of Robert de Mortimer (1). The dates of Robert's birth, and his father's death are not known, and so it impossible to decide which Robert is being referred to in many references which could fall in the latter part of the father's life, or during the early part of the son's. It seems most likely that he was born somewhere around the 1170s.

His father had been granted the manor of Little Woodham, Essex, by Henry II at the time of his marriage (9) (probably sometime between 1154 and 1168 (2)), and either Robert or his father were assessed for scutage of one knights fee on this manor, and the nearby manor of Amberden (each manor being half a fee) in 1190/91 (4). It was probably the same person who went with Richard I on the third crusade (5) around the same time (although it is possible that the father was still alive and holding the manors, whilst the son was fighting in Jerusalem).

Robert appears to have been close to the centre of power, attesting to a number of charters of King John (6). In 1205/6 the king granted him land in Estham, Essex (7).

In 1210, he married Margaret de Say, a rich young widow and heiress, for which right he had to pay a fine of 1000 marks (8) to the king (16)(17). (Given his probable age at the time, he may well have been married previously, but no record has been found of such a marriage, or any children).

His father was certainly dead by 1212 (if not long before), when Robert held Little Woodham and Amberden in Essex (9)(10) which he must have inherited from him. He also held the barony of Richards Castle, and its associated lands (11)(12)(13)(14)(15)(19)(26)(27), by right of his wife, although there was a legal tussle in order to secure part of her inheritence (18).

In 1213 he offered to serve the king, at his own expense, in exchange for a release from the balance of the debt he had incurred in the fine to marry Margaret (16). This offer appears to have been accepted (17)

In 1216 he was granted the right to hold a weekly market, and annual fair at Richard's Castle (20).

Robert died in about June 1219 (21), around the same time that his only known child, Hugh, was born (24). His wife remarried William de Stuteville shortly afterwards, and lived for another eleven years or so (25).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. Complete Peerage, Volume 9, page 258, note j states:
    Robert de Mortimer, son of Robert de Mortimer, for his soul and the sole of his wife Margaret de Say, daughter and heir of Hugh de Say, confirmed to [? Lanthony] Abbey the gift of Roger de Alfreton in Bilbury, which had been granted to Roger by Hugh de Say, lord of Castle Richard, son of Hugh de Say, and confirmed to him by Hugh de Ferriérs (Harl. MS. 6821, fos 101, 101d - a collection of papers formerly belonging to Gregry King, Rouge Dragon)
  2. The grant had been made by Henry II (9), so must have been in or after 1154, and was probably in or before the 14th year of Henry's reign (1168) (3).
  3. Complete Peerage, Volume 9, page 258, note j states:
    [Robert de Mortimer] was pardoned a debt in the account of the sheriff of Essex (Pipe Roll, 14 Hen II, p44)
    The implication being that this occured after he had been granted land in Essex on his marriage (9)
  4. Complete Peerage, Volume 9, page 258, note j states:
    In 1190/1 he, or his son, was assessed to the scutage of Wales for one knight's fee of the Honour of Peverel of London in Essex (Red Book of the Exchequer, p78)
  5. Complete Peerage, Volume 9, page 259, note a states:
    Robert de Mortimer was among the knights of the honour of Peverel qui abierunt Jerusalem and were pardoned certain debts at Mich 1190 (Pipe Roll, 2 Ric I, p 110)
  6. Complete Peerage, Volume 9, page 259, note b states:
    [Robert de Mortimer] is recorded as attesting charters of King John at Brix and Cherbourg, Sep 1200; at Windsor, Apr 1205; at Partenay, May 1214; at Roche-aux-Moines, June 1215; and at Hereford, July 1216 (Rot. Chart, pp 75, 76, 148, 198, 207, 223)
  7. In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 312, Eyton cites two entries in the close rolls (Rotuli litterarum clausarum, Vol I, 58b, and 69b) and states that :
    "On Dec 1 1205, King John gives to Robert de Mortimer eight librates of esheated lands in Essex, and on May 1 1206, the king fixes the grant to be in Estham"
  8. Complete Peerage, Volume 9, page 260 note m states:
    ... Robert de Mortimer, who at Mich of that year accounted for 1,000 marks for having to wife Margaret, daughter and heir of Hugh de Say, with all her inheritence, to be paid 400 marks per annum (Pipe Roll 56, post Worcs)
  9. "The book of Fees, commonly called Testa de Nevill, Part I, 1198-1242", 1920, page 121, has the following entry, dated 1212, sub Essex :
    Robertus de Mortimer tenet Parvam Wudeham de dono Regis Henrici secundi per dimidium militem, quam dominus Rex Henricus secundus dedit patri predicti Roberti in maritagio; Alicia de Hailesle tenet iiij. partem militis de eodem feodo.
  10. "The book of Fees, commonly called Testa de Nevill, Part II, appndix", 1923, page 1464, lists fees held of the honour of Hatfield Peverall c1212, and includes :
    Robertus de Mortuomari, j feodum in Amberd' et Wodeham in Essex'.
  11. "The book of Fees, commonly called Testa de Nevill, Part I, 1198-1242", 1920, page 99, has the following entry, dated 1212, sub Hereford :
    Robertus de Mortemar' tenet in hoc comitatu de baronia Castri Ricardi feudum j . militis et dimidii de hereditate uxoris sue.
  12. "The book of Fees, commonly called Testa de Nevill, Part I, 1198-1242", 1920, page 140, has the following entry, dated 1212, sub Worcestershire :
    Robertus de' Mortuo Mari tenet Tametebir', Cliftun, Sapy, Cura, Iadefen, Sheldesleg', Sutton, et Stanfort per servicium iiijor militum et quinte partis unius militis de dono domini regis cum filia et herede Hugonis de Say.
  13. In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 313, Eyton quotes a supplementary entry in the Liber Niger as :
    Robertus de Mortuomari tenet xxiii feoda in honore Castelli Ricardi cum filia Hugonis de Say, herede Osberti filii Hugonis".
  14. Worcestershire Record Office, holds document ref 705:349/12946/473666, dated only as 13th century. Catalogue entry reads :
    Grant from Adam, son of Nigel, to Robert de Mortuo Mari [i.e. Mortimer] and Margaret de Say, his wife, of Hulineston [Howsen, co. Worc.], otherwise called Little Codrug [Cotheridge, co. Worc.]
  15. Worcestershire Record Office, holds document ref 705:349/12946/475195, dated only as 13th century. Catalogue entry reads :
    Lease from Robert de Mortuo Mari [i.e. Mortimer] and Margaret, his wife, to Edith, wife of Roger le Meroy of Ham' [Hampton Lovett, co. Worc.] of their mill of Ham'.
  16. In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 313, Eyton cites an entry in "Fines" (presumably "Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus"), page 473 and states that :
    About July 1213 Robert de Mortimer proffers "to serve the King for a year with nine other knights, and at his own cost, if he may be quit of the debt which he owes the King for his fine for having his wife"
    This is confirmed in Complete Peerage, Vol 9, p260, note d, except that it says 10 knights, not 9.
  17. In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 313, Eyton cites an entry in "Fines" (presumably "Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus"), pages 503/504 and states that :
    On November 7 1213, the King had evidently accepted his proffered services, for he excuses him his debt or debts of 500 marks, in consideration of his recent Fine
    This is confirmed in Complete Peerage, Vol 9, p260, note d
  18. In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 313, Eyton cites an entry in "Patents" (presumably "Rotuli litterarum patentium"), page 181 and states that :
    July 30 1215, Margaret de Say, in presence of the King at Brug, names Robert de Mortimer her husband as her Attorney to sue Gilbert de Say and all others against whom she wished to proced in obtaining her inheritence"
    This is confirmed in Complete Peerage, Vol 9, p260, note g
  19. In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 313, Eyton cites an entries in the close rolls (Rotuli litterarum clausarum, Vol I, 240) and states that :
    "On December 3 1215, Robert de Mortimer has restitution of the land of Berewic in Sussex which, having been the property of Mabel de Say, mother of Mortimer's wife, was now in the hand of Robert Marmion Senior"
  20. In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 314, Eyton cites an entries in the close rolls (Rotuli litterarum clausarum, Vol I, 281) and states that :
    "At Shrewsbury on August 12 [1216] the king gives [Robert de Mortimer] a right to hold a weekly market on Thursdays at Richard's Castle, and also a yearly Fair at the Feast of St Owen, to last for six days."
    This is confirmed in Complete Peerage, Vol 9, p260, note h
  21. Robert was still alive at Easter 1219 (22), but was dead by July 1219 (23). He is likely to have died nearer to the later of these dates when his widow was granted dower.
  22. In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 314, Eyton cites an entries in the close rolls (Rotuli litterarum clausarum, Vol I, 386) and states that :
    On 26 January 1219 the King put Robert de Mortimer on a commission to deliver certain castles of the Welsh border to Hubert de Berg
    This is confirmed in Complete Peerage, Vol 9, p260, note k, but in note l he is also shown to have still been alive at Easter (Exch, KR Mem Roll, 3 Hen III, m I (Easter))
  23. In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 314, Eyton cites an entry in "Fines" (presumably "Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus"), page 473 and states that :
    On July 3 1219, the King ordered the sheriff of Essex to assign to Margaret de Say, widow of Robert de Mortimer, dower in such lands in Essex as were of the inheritence of her late husband
  24. See his son Hugh's page
  25. "Annales de Wigornia", page 422, from "Annales Monastici", volume 4 (in the account of 1230) lists a number of deaths suring the year, the last of which is Margerie de Say
    The transcriber has noted that she was the daughter of Hugh de Say and widow of Robert Mortimer, citing "Registrum" page 94, but its not clear which published register is being referred to.
  26. "The Cartulary of Haughmond Abbey", Shropshire Archaelogical Society, 1985, entry 1300 reads:
    Rob. de Mortimer confirms his predecessors' gifts, i.e. Wychbold mill; a virgate at Richard's Castle; 4a in Cornwood which Geva of Tenbury (Temdebury) gave; all Wm Overton's land in Cotheridge (Coderug) which Matilda, daughter of John le Poer, gave with her body for burial, as the charters of Matilda and Osbert son of Hugh testify. [f.227]. He also grants that the canons may pay 2s at the feast of St Peter ad vincula (1 Aug) instead of the sparrowhawk which Matilda had rendered from Wm Overton's land. (Sealed) Hiis testibus Willelmo Carbonel (c. 1212-July 1219).
      Cf nos. 252, 254, 263, 931, 1298.
      Date: while Rob. de Mortimer held Richard's Castle as Margaret de Say's husband (Book of Fees, p.99; Rot Lit Claus. i, 394-5)
  27. "The Cartulary of Haughmond Abbey", Shropshire Archaelogical Society, 1985, entry 1301 reads:
    Margaret daughter of Hugh de Say and wife of Robert de Mortimer confirms gifts ut supra (no. 1300)



Notes:


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