<< Back to Ahnentafel list

Humphrey Marshall

died 1684

Father Unknown
Mother Unknown
Wife Hannah
Children Humphrey


I am currently working on confirming Humphrey's parentage. Various unreferenced web sites claim that he was born in 1622 (or 1630 according to some), the son of Humphrey and Margery. I am yet to be convinced of this, as the Humphrey who had a son Humphrey in 1622, was probably not the Humphrey who married Margery. The Humphrey who married Margery appears to have had his first child baptised in 1624, and not to have had a son called Humphrey. I have so far been unable to find any decent evidence for Humphrey's parentage. All that can be said is that the Marshals had been living in Gratton for at least a century before he was was born.

What is so far known, is that he was a husbandman, he married Anna/Hannah Birdon in 1655, and that their first known child Hannah was born the following year in Gratton. They had another daughter Mary in 1658, and another, Sarah, in 1660. In 1663 they had a child which, according to the parish register, was buried unbaptised. He or she could have been either stillborn, or died within a matter of a day or two after birth. Their eldest son John was born in 1664, followed by another son Humphrey in 1667, although he only lived for a few months. A daughter Abigail was born in 1668, followed by another son Humphrey in 1670, the same year that Humphrey was assessed for tax on two hearths. Their son Abraham was probably born in anout 1672, and finally their youngest son, Samuel, was born in 1676.

Humphrey died in early 1684, and was survived by his wife. An inventory of his possessions was taken after his death, and this appears to show that he was fairly comfortable financially (and hence agreeing with the inference of him having two hearths 14 years previous). Also, the fact that he had two sets of ploughing equipment, may well indicate that he farmed enough land to require more than just a single set, and would have employed people to help him. He had nearly 80 sheep, over a dozen cattle (of varying ages etc), a horse, a pig and two beehives.

Brief details of his children:


  1. The Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave (Transcription by Val Neal) lists the baptism of Anne, daughter of Humphrey Marshall and Hannah his wife, of Gratton, on 16th April 1656.
  2. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1658] Gratton: Mary ye daughter of Humphrey (ye younger) & Anna Marshall was Borne June 11th & Baptised June 13th
  3. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1660] Gratton: Sarah ye daughter of Humphrey & Hannah Marshall was Borne November vth & Baptised November vith
  4. The Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave (Transcription by Val Neal) lists the burial of an unbaptised infant child of Humphrey Marshall and Anna his wife, of Gratton, on 28th May 1663.
  5. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1664] Gratton: John ye son of Humphrey & Anna Marshall baptised March xixo
  6. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1667] Gratton: Humphrelius filius Humphredi et Hannah Marshall bapti April 23
  7. The Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave (Transcription by Val Neal) lists the burial of Humphrey, son of Humphrey Marshall and Hannah his wife, of Gratton, on 22nd August 1667.
  8. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1668] Gratton: Abigail filia Humphredi et Anne Marshall bapt Jul 12
  9. The Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave (Transcription by Val Neal) lists the baptism of Humphrey, son of Humphrey Marshall and An his wife, of Gratton, on 24th July 1670.
  11. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    [1676] Gratton: Bapt Samuel fil Humph: et Hanna Marshall Dec 21
  12. Parish Register of All Saints, Youlgreave includes the entry:
    Gratton: Buried Humphrey Marshall January 27th 1683*
    * Note: The date is from the Julian calendar, so for 1683, read 1684. See note in glossary.
  13. Inventory of Humphrey Marshall (ref: B/C/11/Humphrey Marshall, Youlgreave, 1684 @ LRO) reads:
    A True and perfect inventory of all & singular the
    goods Chattells Creditts & other personall Estate
    of Humphrey Marshall late of Gratton in the
    County of Derby husbandman Deceased
          li     s     d
    Imprimis his purse & apparell02 = 10 = 00
    Item one feather-bed, three
    other beds & bedding
    02 = 10 = 00
    Item one Meal arke one Cupboard
    one Malt arke & 3 other little arks
    01 = 05 = 00
    Item one brass pott two brass pans
    two brass kettles & some other
    little brass
    01 = 06 = 08
    Item seaven pewter dishes & some
    other small pewter
    00 = 10 = 00
    Item in the house one table one
    table leafe & formes & Chaires
    00 = 13 = 04
    Item one dish-board two loomes
    & some milke vessells
    00 = 05 = 00
    Item one high Wheele two little
    wheeles & some boards
    00 = 06 = 00
    Item one hand Iron one burne &
    some small Iron things
    00 = 04 = 00
    Item four sacks one windowsheet
    and some yarne
    00 = 07 = 06
    Item Oat meal01 = 00 = 00
    Item Corne02 = 00 = 00
    Item hay01 = 10 = 00
    Item [...] straw00 = 10 = 00
    Item three Cowes & two bullocks12 = 00 = 00
    Item threescore & seventeen
    sheep young & old
    15 = 00 = 00
    Item one Mare03 = 00 = 00
    Item two heyfers03 = 00 = 00
    Item four year old Calves and
    three rearing Calves
    03 = 10 = 00
    Item two plowes two yokes &
    two teames
    00 = 13 = 04
    Item one pigg00 = 10 = 00
    Item one harkney saddle & one
    one pack saddle
    00 = 04 = 00
    Item two hives of bees & some
    00 = 10 = 00
    Richard Briddon
    Thomas Frost
  14. Administration of the estate of Humphrey Marshall (ref: B/C/11/Humphrey Marshall, Youlgreave, 1684 @ LRO). This follows the standard adminstration format and basically says that:
    Hannah Marshall of Gratton, relict of Humphrey Marshall, was granted letters of administration of his estate, at Chesterfield, on 26th March 1684. Her co-signatory was John Twigg of Gratton, a miner.
  15. From "Memorials of John Bartram and Humphry Marshall" by William Darlington, Philadelphia, 1849, pp485-486:
    Humhry Marshall was born in the township of West Bradford, County of Chester, and province of Pennsylvania, on the 10th day of October, 1722. His father, Abram Marshall, was a native of Gratton, in Derbyshire, England, born in the year 1669, came to Pennsylvania about the year 1697, and settled near Darby, where on the 17th January, 1702-3 he married Mary, the daughter of James Hunt, of Kinsessing, also an emigrant from England, and one of the companions of William Penn. Some time after his marriage, viz, in the year 1707, Abraham Marshall removed to Brandywine near the western branch of that stream, where he purchased large tracts of land, among the Indians, and continued to reside until his death, which took place December 17th 1767, at the age of about ninety-eight years. His wife died in the spring of 1769, aged eighty-seven years*. They were both interred in the Friends' burying-ground, at Bradford meeting-house, which meeting they had been mainly instrumental in establishing. Throughout their long lives, they had been truly useful and exemplary members of society, Abraham, moreover, having been for many years an approved minister among Friends, as is attested by a Collection of Memorials, published by the Society in 1787. Abraham and Mary Marshall had seven sons and two daughters. Of these nine children, Humphry was the eighth. ...
    * The following note (in the handwriting of Humphry Marshall, eighty years since), is still preserved among the Marshall papers
    "On the 4th day of this instant [March, 1769], departed this life, in the eightyseventh year of her age, Mary Marshall. Born in Kent, in old England; arrived at Philadelphia, with her parents, about the year 1684, and settled at Kingsmessing Township; was married on the 17th of the 1st month, 1702-3, to Abraham Marshall, who was born in Derbyshire, and arrived in this country about the year 1697, as appears by letters from thence; and, soon after they were married, removed to the forks of Brandywine, where they lived together in love until the 17th day of the 12th month, 1767, having been married sixt four years and nine months; when he departed this life, by the generally supposed account, in the 97th year of his age, but by John Grattan's Journal, 103; having been a public minister amongst the people called Quakers, from the eighteenth year of his age. He was not more conspicuous for his zeal and indefatigable labor in the Gospel, than for rectitude of life, which, with a meek and humble deportment, adorned the doctrine he preached. The patience and Christian fortitude, manifested in his last tedious illness, evidenced his subjection to the will of God; and the serenity of spirit with which he met the messenger of death, being sensible of his appraoching change, gives just ground to hope, that he now experiences the verity of that sacred truth, Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord, -for henceforth they rest from their labours, and their works follow them. Although they lived to such an advanced age, and departed quiet and easy, their children can truly say, that it hath been very afflicting to part with such good and pious exemplary parents. She was attended to her funeral, on the 6th of the 3d month, 1769, by a large number of her friends and relatives; at which time and place, being met by the corpse of Phebe Phebe Hadley, an ancient minister, and a number of friends attending thereon, the solemn time and occassion must be remembered for years to come, by some"
  16. "Memorials of John Bartram and Humphry Marshall" by William Darlington, Philadelphia, 1849, pp524-526 contains a copy of a letter to Humphrey Marshall, the American botanist, dated 14th August 1771, from John Marshall of Gratton. In it he says
    "Cousin Humphry
    I not hearing of your family, of a great number of years, expected I should never have heard of you more; nr had not now, but my Mr Storrs' inquiry after your father's age, and whether any of his family or relations were living. I John Marshall, am all the nephew your father hath living, and live in a hamlet called Gratton, in the parsish of Youlgreave, and in the county of Derbyshire: that is, I live in the same hamlet where my uncle Abram was born, and all his brothers. His brother's names were Humphry, Samuel, and John Marshall. My father, Humphry, died when he was about sixty years of age, was a stone cutter, or what we call a mason, and I learned the same trade with my father, and still follow it. I am now in the sixty-eigth year of my age, and have eight children now living, five sons and three daughters.
    Dear Cousin, if these lines come safe to you, which I hope they will, I beg you will be so kind, as sonn as you conveniently can, as to send me a few lines of the number and welfare of your family: for you see, by my age, that my glass runs apace, and I must expect soon to be called hence; but should be glad, if God permit, to hear from you before I die. May the blessing of God attend you, and all your family, and all your undertakings.
    This from your loving cousin
    John Marshall"

    This letter was accompanied by one from the above mentioned Joseph Storrs of Chesterfield, dated 28th August 1771, which says
    "Friend Marshall
    Thy letter to my father came duly to hand; agreeably whereto, I have made some enquiry about they father's age, and thy relations, as follows:- Humphry Marshall, the eldest brother of Abram, was born and registered at Youlgreave, in the year 1667. Abram was the next son, and two years younger, according to thy cousin John's account, but is not to be found in the register. As they were often without a parson, the register was neglected. His sister Sarah married one Wilson, and hath one daughter living, called Sarah. I don't hear of any more of the relations, except John, the writer of the annexed letter, who lives very reputably, and I believe is a sober, religiou man (of the Church of England). His children have all done well.
    One of Humphry's brothers died a friend, at Aldwark, and was buried at Monyash, in this county. Others were most convinced, but not so as to be joined to Friends. This is what intelligence I have procured, and hope will be satisfactory.
    Gratton and Youlgreave are about thirteen miles from this place.
    I remain thy friend
    Joseph Storrs"


Confirm following transcript entries in PR (note that PR from this era is difficult to read on film, so will have to confirm in original).
Baptism of Anne Marshall 16/4/1656
Burial of unbaptised child Marshall 28/5/1663
Burial of Humphrey Marshall 22/8/1667
Baptism of Humphrey Marshall 24/7/1670