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Mary Ann Wood

1834 - 1904

Father William Wood
Mother Martha Needham
Husband William Allen
Children William Henry, Samuel, Joseph, George, Martha Ann


Mary was born in about March 1834 (1), probably in High Needham (2), and baptised in Earl Sterndale on 6th April the same year (3). She was the eldest child of William and Martha. Her sister Hannah was born in early 1835 (6), another sister Jane Ann in late 1836 (7),and brother Joseph in early 1839 (8).

Her sisters Hannah and Jane Ann are assumed to have died young (9), and by the time of the census in June 1841(10), only Mary Ann and Joseph are living with their parents, probably in Hurdlow (11). In the 1851 census (12) the family unit is unchanged, although her father's status had increased somewhat from being an agricultural labourer to farming 100 acres, so its probably fair to assume that their lifestyle had improved somewhat too.

Sometime prior to her marriage, she moved to Flagg (13), where she no doubt met her husband William Allen. They were married on 20th March 1861 in St John the Baptist's in Chelmorton (13). They then moved in with her parents in Hurdlow and her father gave William a job (14).

Their movements over the next few years aren't too clear, but it seems they didn't stay there for too long. Their eldest son William was born in around the 3rd quarter of 1861, at which time they may have still been with her parents (15). However by the time their next son, Samuel was born, in the second quarter of 1863, they were probably living in Flagg (16). They may have moved house in around 1866 into a "one up, one down cottage at the end of Flagg beyond the school" (17). Their next child Joseph was born towards the end of 1867, also probably in Flagg (18). Their youngest son George was born in November 1870, by which time they were definitely living in Flagg (19). By the census of April 1871 (20) she was shown to be living in Flagg as a farmer's wife. Her last child, and only daughter, Martha Ann was born towards the end of 1874 (21).

The 1881 census (22), is the only time we see Mary Ann & George together with all their children under one roof, as son Joseph died very soon afterwards (23), and by 1891 sons William Henry and George were living and working at Highfield House Farm in Flagg (24), leaving just Samuel and Martha still living at home (25).

By the 1901 census (26) Samuel had moved out, but eldest son William Henry had moved back in. Mary Ann died three years later on 27th November 1904 (27) at the age of 70, and was buried in Taddington three days after that (31).


Brief details of her children:



Sources:

  1. She was baptised on 6th April 1834 (3), and her age in the 7th June 1841 census (10) was given as 7, so all that is really certain is that she was born between 8th June 1833 and 5th April 1834. However her parents were only maried in October 1833 (4) so it is much more likely to have been a matter of days, or possibly a few weeks, before her her baptism.
  2. In the 1851 census (12) her place of birth was given as Hartington Middle. In 1861 (14) & 1881 (22) it was given as High Needham. In 1871 (20) & 1901 (26) it was given as Sterndale, and in 1891 (25) as Earl Sterndale. Given that these census entries are prone to get less accurate, if anything, then the earlier ones have to be considered to be of more value. Hartington Middle refers to quite a wide geographical area, but High Needham is very specific as there would have been probably only one or two houses (and the Grange) there at the time. Earl Sterndale was the parish where she was baptised and which covers High Needham. However, just to add back a little uncertainty. Her baptism entry (3) states that her (parents') residence was Hurdlow. In reality there is little more than a mile between any of these places though (5).
  3. Baptism entry in parish register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    April
    6th
    [1834]
    Mary
    Ann
    Daugr
    of
    Wm and
    Martha
    Wood Hurdlow Farmer
  4. Her parents' marriage entry in the parish register of St Giles, Hartington reads:
    William Wood of this Parish
    Bachelor and Farmer
    and Martha Needham of this Parish
    Spinster
    were married in this Church by License with Consent of
    Parents this seventh Day of
    October in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty three
    By me W. M. Ward M. A. Vicar.
    This marriage was solemnized between us William Wood, Martha Needham X Mark
    In the presence of William Needham, [Sam Johnson]
  5. Map showing location of Earl Sterndale, High Needham and Hurdlow.
  6. Baptism entry in parish register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    April
    19
    [1835]
    Hannah
    Daugr
    of
    Wm
    &
    Martha
    Wood Sterndale Farmer
  7. Baptism entry in parish register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    Decr
    11
    [1836]
    Jane Ann
    Daugr of
    Wm and
    Martha
    Wood Sterndale Farmer
  8. Baptism entry in parish register of St Michael & All Angels, Earl Sterndale reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    Febr
    10
    1839
    Joseph
    son of
    Wm
    &
    Martha
    Wood Sterndale Farmer
  9. Neither appear with the family in the 1841 census, and no later mention is found of them anywhere. However their burials have not been found either.
  10. Census of 7th June 1841 reads:
    Place: Hartington Middle Quarter
    William Wood 25 Ag Lab
    Martha Do 25 .
    Mary Ann Do 7 .
    Joseph Do 2 .
  11. The census only states Hartington Middle Quarter. However, at the baptisms of Mary Ann and her siblings the residence is constantly given as Hurdlow. There is every indication that her parents lived there up until the 1860s, with the 1861 census stating their residence as Hurdlow, and Mary Ann's marriage certificate of the same year stating that she was formerley of there.
  12. Census of 30th March 1851 reads:
    Place: Hartington Middle Quarter
    William Wood Head Mar 39 Farms 100 Acres Stafford, Warslow
    Wartha Do Wife Mar 39 . Derby, Hartington Middle Q
    Maryann Do Daur U 17 . Do Do
    Joseph Do Son . 11 . Do Do
  13. Marriage Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    1861 Marriage solemnized at Chelmorton in the parish of Bakewell in the County of Derby
    When married Name and Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of marriage Father's name and Surname Rank or Profession of father
    March 20th 1861 William Allen 27 Bachelor Miner Flagg Samuel Allen Miner
    Mary Ann Wood 27 Spinster - Flagg, late of Hurdlow Town William Wood Farmer
    Married in the Church of Chelmorton according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after banns
    in the presence of John Cantrell, Alice Mycock
  14. Census of 7th April 1861 reads:
    Place: Hurdlow
    William Wood Head Mar 50 Farmer of 100 acres Staffordsh, Elkston
    Martha Wood Wife Mar 49 Farmer's wife Derbysh, Glutton Bridge
    Joseph Wood Son Un 22 Farmer's Son Derbysh, Earl Sterndale
    Mary Ann Allen Daur Mar 27 Farmer's Daur Derbysh, High Needham
    William Allen Son-in-law Mar 27 Agricultural Lab: Derbysh, Flagg
  15. Baptism entry in Chelmorton Parish Register reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    Sepr
    21st
    [1861]
    William Henry
    son of
    William
    Mary Ann
    Allen Flagg Labourer
  16. The 2nd April 1871 census (20) gives his age as 7 and his place of birth as Flagg, while the parish register at Chelmorton lists his baptism on 7th June 1863. This would seem to indicate that he was born in April, May or early June of that year. The index of registrations of births shows that a Samuel Allen was registered in the second quarter of 1863 in Bakewell district.
  17. Information from living relatives states that her son William Henry "lived in a one up, one down cottage at the end of Flagg village beyond the school, where parents William and Mary had lived with their 5 children. They moved in when William was 5 and he continued to live in the same house until he died in about 1947". However, this story may not be totally accurate as at the time of the 1891 (24) census, William Henry was a farm servant, living on the job at Highfield House Farm, along with his younger brother George .
  18. The 2nd April 1871 census (20) gives his age as 3 and his place of birth as Flagg. However, his baptism is recorded in the parish register of Sheldon on 26th January 1868. The index of registrations of births show a Joseph Allen was registered in the fourth quarter of 1867 in Bakewell district.
  19. Son George's Birth Certificate from the Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where born Name Sex Name and surname of father Name, surname and maiden surname of mother Occupation of father Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Fifth November 1870, Flagg George Boy William Allen Mary Ann Allen, formerly Wood Lead Miner William Allen, Father, Flagg First December 1870
  20. Census of 2nd April 1871 reads:
    Place: Flagg
    William Allen Head Mar 37 Farmer of 10 acres Derbyshire, Flagg
    Mary A Do Wife Mar 36 Farmer's wife Do, Sterndale
    William Do Son . 9 Scholar Do, Do
    Samuel Do Son . 7 Do Do, Flagg
    Joseph Do Son . 3 Do Do, Do
    George Do Son . 5 Mo . Do, Do
  21. The 1881 census (22) gives her age as 6, and the index of registrations of births shows that a Martha Ann Allen was registered in the fourth quarter of 1874 in Bakewell district. However, she wasn't baptied until 1878 in Chelmorton:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    Dec
    8
    Martha William
    &
    Mary
    Ann
    Allen Flagg Labourer
  22. Census of 3rd April 1881 reads: (Note that Martha Ann has been mis-entered as Mary Ann)
    Place: Flagg
    William Allen Head Mar 47 Lead Miner Derbyshire, Flagg
    Mary Ann do Wife do 46 do do's wife do, High Needham
    William do Son Unm 19 Lead Miners Son do, Flagg
    Samuel do do do 16 do do do do, do
    Joseph do do do 13 Scholar do, do
    George do do do 10 Scholar do, do
    Mary Ann do Dau . 6 do do, do
  23. Burial entry from parish register of St Michael's, Taddington reads:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Joseph Allen Taddington April
    13th
    [1881]
    13
  24. Sons William and George in the Census of 5th April 1891 reads:
    Place: Highfield House, Flagg
    Joseph Needham Head M 55 Farmer Flagg, Derbyshire
    - various other - - - - - people in - - the household -
    William Allen Serv S 28 Farm Servant Flagg, Derbyshire
    George do Serv S 18 do do do, do
  25. Census of 5th April 1891 reads:
    Place: Flagg
    William Allen Head M 56 Lead Miner Flagg, Derbyshire
    Mary Ann do Wife M 58 . Earlsterndale, do
    Samuel do Son S 27 General Labourer Flagg, do
    Martha do Daur S 16 . do, do
  26. Census of 31st March 1901 reads:
    Place: New Buildings, Flagg
    William Allen Head M 67 General Labourer Worker Derbyshire, Flagg
    Mary Ann do Wife M 67 . . do, Sterndale
    William do Son S 39 do do do do, Flagg
    Martha Ann do Daug S 26 . . do, do
  27. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Twenty Seventh November 1904, Flagg, RD Mary Ann Allen Female 70 years Wife of William Allen, a General Labourer Broncho Pneumonia (5 Days), Fatty Heart (2 years 6 months), Certified by [Astable?] Wood MRCS X The mark of William Henry Allen, Son. Present at the Death. Flagg Twenty ninth November 1904
  28. According to living relatives.
  29. The index of registrations of marriages shows a Samuel Allen and a Mary Bradbury were registered married in the second quarter of 1897 in Bakewell district.
  30. The 1901 census shows their 3 children as Samuel Allen Bradbury age 5, Emma Ann Allen Bradbury age 4 and Harold Bradbury Allen age 2. The fact that the youngest two were apparently born before their parents marriage, and have the middle name Allen, whilst the one born after their marriage has the middle name Bradbury seems likely to be because the first two were illegitimate, but Samuel accepted paternity of them.
  31. Burial entry from parish register of St Michael's, Taddington reads:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Mary Ann Allen Flagg 30
    Novr
    1904
    70
    years



Notes:


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