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William Allen

1833 - 1913

Father Samuel Allen
Mother Elizabeth Oldfield
Wife Mary Ann Wood
Children William Henry, Samuel, Joseph, George, Martha Ann


William was born in Flagg in 1833 (1), the youngest son of Samuel and Elizabeth. He was baptised at St John the Baptist's in Chelmorton on 25th October the same year (2). He had a sister Mary Ann about 6 years older than him, and a brother Samuel about 3 years his elder (3). There may also have been some elder half brothers and a half sister living in the same house from his father's first marriage, but this is unclear - see his father's page for more details.

In March of 1838 he suddenly became an only child when his brother Samuel and his sister Mary Ann both died in the space of less than a fortnight (4). So by the time of the 1841 census (5) William was the only child living with his parents. His Uncle Thomas, his mother's younger brother (3) also lived with them.

His father died in April 1850 (6). A couple of months later his uncle Thomas got married, and his new Aunt Charlotte moved in with them (7). This was the living situation in March the following year, when the census (8) shows William to have followed in his father's footsteps as a lead miner. He was presumably working with his uncle Thomas, as his father had before him (3). His mother died in 1858 (9).

He married Mary Ann Wood at St John the Baptist's in Chelmorton on 20th March 1861 (10). According to the marriage certificate she was originally from Hurdlow, but was living in Flagg prior to the marriage, which is obviously how they met. At the time of the marriage he is still described as a miner from Flagg, but just 18 days later, at the time of the next census (11), he is shown as an agricultural labourer on his new father-in-law's farm in Hurdlow, where he and Mary Ann were then living.

It appears that William and Mary Ann didn't spend too long living with his in-laws. Their eldest son William was born there (32), but the family was back in Flagg by the time of his baptism on September 21st (12). Their next son, Samuel, was born in 1863 (13). They may have moved house in around 1866 into a "one up, one down cottage at the end of Flagg beyond the school" (14). Their next child Joseph was born towards the end of 1867, also probably in Flagg (15). Their youngest son George was born in November 1870, by which time they were definitely living in Flagg (16). George's birth certificate indicates that William had reverted to lead mining, however just 4 months later in the census of April 1871 (17) he is shown as a "Farmer of 10 acres". It seems likely then that he was both farming and mining, as ten acres would not be a very large farm to provide his only income. It is also likely that he was only renting the land (18). His youngest child, and only daughter, Martha Ann was born towards the end of 1874 (19).

The 1881 census (20), is the only time we see George and Mary Ann together with all their children under one roof. It seems that George had given up on the farming by then and is once again described as a Lead Miner. Son Joseph died very soon afterwards (21), and by 1891 sons William Henry and George were living and working at Highfield House Farm in Flagg (22), leaving just Samuel and Martha still living with William and Mary Ann (23) This is also the last time we see William described as a miner. It may be that his age forced him to stop working underground. Whatever it was, by the time of his son George's marriage in 1898 (24) he is described simply as a labourer, and in the 1901 census (25) he is a general labourer. Eldest son William Henry had moved back in with his parents at this time.

His wife Mary Ann died in November 1904 (26). In the census of 1911, he was working as a stone breaker, and living with his unmarried son William, unmarried daughter Martha Ann, and his grandaughter Mary Ann (32).

William died in 1913. Family folklore says that he used to play the "one stringed fiddle" at local dances, and on the way back from one of these one night, walking home along Slipperlow Lane from Taddington to Flagg, he collapsed drunk in the snow and died. This story is shown by an artcle in the next week's High Peak News (33), and by his death certificate (30), to contain some truth, but it seems that he wasn't playing the fiddle the night he died. He was buried in Taddington on 19th March (31).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. Probably in October, but certainly between 8th June (because his age is given as 7 in the census of 7th June 1841 (5)) and 24th October (the day before his baptism (2)).
  2. Baptism entry in Parish register of St John the Baptist's, Chelmorton reads:
    When baptized Child's
    Christian Name
    Parents
    Christian Name
    Parents
    Surname
    Abode Quality, Trade
    or Profession
    October 25
    [1833]
    William Samuel &
    Elizabeth
    Allen Flagg Miner
  3. See his parents' pages for details
  4. Parish register of St Michael's, Taddington lists Samuel's burial on 18th March 1838, and Mary Ann's on 29th March 1838.
  5. Census of 7th June 1841 reads:
    Place: Flagg
    Sam l Allen 50 L Miner
    Eliz. Do 45 .
    William Do 7 .
    Tho s Oldfield 35 L Miner
  6. His father's Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Twenty Ninth April 1850, Flagg Samuel Allen Male 62 years Miner Dropsy 4 months, not certified Thos Oldfield, Present at the death, Flagg Twenty ninth April 1850
  7. Marriage Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    1850 Marriage solemnized at Monyash in the parish of Bakewell in the County of Derby
    When married Name and Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of marriage Father's name and Surname Rank or Profession of father
    July 8th Thomas Oldfield 45 Bachelor Miner Chelmorton George Oldfield Farmer
    Charlotte Forest 39 Spinster Servant Monyash William Forest Weaver
    Married in the Chapelry of Chelmorton according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church
    in the presence of [William] Cantrel, [Alice Cantrel]
  8. Census of 30th March 1851 reads:
    Place: Flagg
    Elizabeth Allen Head Widow 54 Householder Derbyshire, Taddington
    William do Son U 17 Lead Miner do, Flagg
    Thomas Oldfield Brother Mar 46 Lead Miner do, Taddington
    Charlotte do Wife . 40 Dressmaker do, Chestefield
  9. His mother's Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Tenth January 1858, Flagg Elizabeth Allen Female 59 years Widow of Samuel Allen (a Lead Miner) Asthma, no medical attendants Thomas Oldfield, In attendance, Flagg Eleventh January 1858
  10. Marriage Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    1861 Marriage solemnized at Chelmorton in the parish of Bakewell in the County of Derby
    When married Name and Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of marriage Father's name and Surname Rank or Profession of father
    March 20th 1861 William Allen 27 Bachelor Miner Flagg Samuel Allen Miner
    Mary Ann Wood 27 Spinster - Flagg, late of Hurdlow Town William Wood Farmer
    Married in the Church of Chelmorton according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church after banns
    in the presence of John Cantrell, Alice Mycock
  11. Census of 7th April 1861 reads:
    Place: Hurdlow
    William Wood Head Mar 50 Farmer of 100 acres Staffordsh, Elkston
    Martha Wood Wife Mar 49 Farmer's wife Derbysh, Glutton Bridge
    Joseph Wood Son Un 22 Farmer's Son Derbysh, Earl Sterndale
    Mary Ann Allen Daur Mar 27 Farmer's Daur Derbysh, High Needham
    William Allen Son-in-law Mar 27 Agricultural Lab: Derbysh, Flagg
  12. Baptism entry in Chelmorton Parish Register reads:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    Sepr
    21st
    [1861]
    William Henry
    son of
    William
    Mary Ann
    Allen Flagg Labourer
  13. The 2nd April 1871 census (17) gives his age as 7, while the parish register at Chelmorton lists his baptism on 7th June 1863. This would seem to indicate that he was born April, May or early June of that year. The index of registrations of births shows that a Samuel Allen was registered in the second quarter of 1863 in Bakewell district.
  14. Information from living relatives states that William's son William Henry "lived in a one up, one down cottage at the end of Flagg village beyond the school, where parents William and Mary had lived with their 5 children. They moved in when William was 5 and he continued to live in the same house until he died in about 1947". However, this story may not be totally accurate as at the time of the 1891 (21) census, William Henry was a farm servant, living on the job at Highfield House Farm, along with his younger brother George .
  15. The 2nd April 1871 census (17) gives his age as 3 and his place of birth as Flagg. However, his baptism is recorded in the parish register of Sheldon on 26th January 1868. The index of registrations of births show a Joseph Allen was registered in the fourth quarter of 1867 in Bakewell district.
  16. Son George's Birth Certificate from the Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where born Name Sex Name and surname of father Name, surname and maiden surname of mother Occupation of father Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Fifth November 1870, Flagg George Boy William Allen Mary Ann Allen, formerly Wood Lead Miner William Allen, Father, Flagg First December 1870
  17. Census of 2nd April 1871 reads:
    Place: Flagg
    William Allen Head Mar 37 Farmer of 10 acres Derbyshire, Flagg
    Mary A Do Wife Mar 36 Farmer's wife Do, Sterndale
    William Do Son . 9 Scholar Do, Do
    Samuel Do Son . 7 Do Do, Flagg
    Joseph Do Son . 3 Do Do, Do
    George Do Son . 5 Mo . Do, Do
  18. He is not listed in the 1873 return of owners of land.
  19. The 1881 census (20) gives her age as 6, and the index of registrations of births shows that a Martha Ann Allen was registered in the fourth quarter of 1874 in Bakewell district. However, she wasn't baptied until 1878 in Chelmorton:
    When baptized   Child's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Christian Name  
    Parent's
    Surname  
    Abode   Quality, Trade or Profession  
    Dec
    8
    Martha William
    &
    Mary
    Ann
    Allen Flagg Labourer
  20. Census of 3rd April 1881 reads: (Note that Martha Ann has been mis-entered as Mary Ann)
    Place: Flagg
    William Allen Head Mar 47 Lead Miner Derbyshire, Flagg
    Mary Ann do Wife do 46 do do's wife do, High Needham
    William do Son Unm 19 Lead Miners Son do, Flagg
    Samuel do do do 16 do do do do, do
    Joseph do do do 13 Scholar do, do
    George do do do 10 Scholar do, do
    Mary Ann do Dau . 6 do do, do
  21. Burial entry from parish register of St Michael's, Taddington reads:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Joseph Allen Taddington April
    13th
    [1881]
    13
  22. Sons William and George in the Census of 5th April 1891 reads:
    Place: Highfield House, Flagg
    Joseph Needham Head M 55 Farmer Flagg, Derbyshire
    - various other - - - - - people in - - the household -
    William Allen Serv S 28 Farm Servant Flagg, Derbyshire
    George do Serv S 18 do do do, do
  23. Census of 5th April 1891 reads:
    Place: Flagg
    William Allen Head M 56 Lead Miner Flagg, Derbyshire
    Mary Ann do Wife M 58 . Earlsterndale, do
    Samuel do Son S 27 General Labourer Flagg, do
    Martha do Daur S 16 . do, do
  24. Son George'sMarriage Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    1898 Marriage solemnized at Chelmorton in the parish of Bakewell in the County of Derby
    When married Name and Surname Age Condition Rank or Profession Residence at the time of marriage Father's name and Surname Rank or Profession of father
    Oct 19 1898 George Allen 27 Bachelor Labourer Flagg William Allen Labourer
    Mary Hodgkinson 21 Spinster - Flagg Matthew Hodgkinson Farmer
    Married in the Church of Chelmorton according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Church of England after banns
    in the presence of Matthew Hodgkinson, Jane Hodgkinson
  25. Census of 31st March 1901 reads:
    Place: New Buildings, Flagg
    William Allen Head M 67 General Labourer Worker Derbyshire, Flagg
    Mary Ann do Wife M 67 . . do, Sterndale
    William do Son S 39 do do do do, Flagg
    Martha Ann do Daug S 26 . . do, do
  26. Wife Mary Ann's Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Twenty Seventh November 1904, Flagg, RD Mary Ann Allen Female 70 years Wife of William Allen, a General Labourer Broncho Pneumonia (5 Days), Fatty Heart (2 years 6 months), Certified by [Astable?] Wood MRCS X The mark of William Henry Allen, Son. Present at the Death. Flagg Twenty ninth November 1904
  27. The index of registrations of marriages shows a Samuel Allen and a Mary Bradbury were registered married in the second quarter of 1897 in Bakewell district.
  28. The 1901 census shows their 3 children as Samuel Allen Bradbury age 5, Emma Ann Allen Bradbury age 4 and Harold Bradbury Allen age 2. The fact that the youngest two were apparently born before their parents marriage, and have the middle name Allen, whilst the one born after their marriage has the middle name Bradbury seems likely to be because the first two were illegitimate, but Samuel accepted paternity of them.
  29. According to living relatives.
  30. Death Certificate from Registration District of Bakewell states:
    When and where died Name Sex Age Occupation Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered
    Found dead
    Sixteenth
    March
    1913
    Slipperlow
    Taddington
    RD
    William Allen Male 75
    years
    Labourer Exposure following
    injuries received
    in accidental
    fall
    Certificate received
    from Sydney Taylor
    Coroner for the Hundred
    of High Peak re
    Inquest held
    Seventeenth March 1913
    Eighteenth
    March
    1913
  31. Burial entry from parish register of St Michael's, Taddington reads:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    William Allen Flagg March
    19th
    1913
    75
    years
  32. Census of 2rd April 1911 reads:
    William Allen Head 75 Widower         Stone Breaker Rural District Council Worker   Flagg, Derbyshire
    William Allen Son 49 Single         Stone Waller Estate Work Worker   Hurdlow Town, Sterndale, Derbyshire
    Martha Ann Allen Daughter 36 Single         House Keeper   Worker At Home Flagg, Derbyshire
    Mary Ann Allen Grand Daughter 2                   Flagg, Derbyshire
    Number of Rooms: 4
    Postal Address: Flagg, Nr Buxton
  33. Article in High Peak News of 22nd March 1913 reads:
    FLAGG.
    MELANCHOLY DEATH OF MR WILLIAM ALLEN.
    FOUND INJURED ON THE ROADSIDE.
      At the Reading Room on Monday, Mr Sydney
    Taylor, Coroner, Buxton, held an inquiry into
    the circumstances attending the death of Wil-
    liam Allen (75), of Flagg, who was found dead
    on the road leading from Taddington to Flagg
    on Sunday morning.
      William Allen, son, said his father left home
    between 12.30 and 1 o'clock on Saturday to go
    to Mor Grange Farm, Taddington. He did
    not come back at night, but they were not sur-
    prised, as there were several places he might
    have stayed at. Deceased had nothing the
    matter with him, and he had never had a doctor in his life.
      Charles Gould, Priestcliffe, farmer, said he
    was at the Waterloo Inn on Saturday night.
    Deceased came in about 8.30 and stayed till 10
    o'clock. There was no sign of drink about him
    when he came in, and he only had one pint.
    He was all right when he left. It was
    A ROUGH AND DARK NIGHT.
      Henry Bagshaw, Moor Grange Farm, said
    deceased left his place at 4 o'clock on Saturday.
    About 10 o'clock on Sundat morning witness
    found deceased one-third of the way from the
    top of Slipper Low hill, lying on his left side
    by the side of the road. His head was about
    two feet from the wall. He was slightly huddled
    up, and his head was on the grass as if he was
    asleep. He was quite dead. The road was
    frozen. His footprints were well marked, and
    ended where he fell.
      Dr Thomas Fentem, of Bakewell, who had
    made a post-mortem examination, said the
    upper end of the left arm was fractured. There
    was a reddening of the knees, probably pro-
    duced by crawling. The body was quite healthy.
    The probable cause of death was exposure, as
    the result of the injury.
      Police constable Hallam said deceased had 1s.
    8d. on him, which his son stated was about the
    amount he should have.
      A verdict was retuned of "Died from exposure
    consequent upon injury received in an acci-
    dental fall."



Notes:


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