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Richard Cornwall

circa 1360 - 1443

Father Geoffrey de Cornwall
Mother Cecily
Wife Cecily
Children Edmund, Matilda, Cecily


Richard was probably born in the early to mid 1360s, the son of Geoffrey (1) and Cecily (8). He had an older brother Brian (2), and possibly a younger brother Geoffrey (3) and a sister Ellen (10) too.

His father died in 1365 (6), and soon afterwards his mother remarried, to Richard de Biterle (7), but she only lived a short while longer, dying in 1369 (8).

Richard married a woman called Cecily (9), and they had at least 3 children - Edmund (4)(5)(13), Matilda (11) and Cecily (12).

At the turn of the 1400s, his elder brother Brian died childless, so Richard inherited the barony of Burford (14)(15). He probably moved into the castle at Stapelton, Herefordshire upon inheriting the barony - if he wasn't already living there..

His wife died sometime after 1407 (16), and he remarried a woman called Alice by sometime before 1418 (17).

Richard enfeoffed his son Edmund with a portion of the lands he was due to inherit in 1436 (18), but very soon afterwards Edmund died (19), hence when Richard died in January 1443 (20), the barony passed to his grandson, Edmund's son Thomas (5).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. Upon Brian de Cornwall's death in January 1400 (14)(15), the family lands passed to his brother Richard (22), meaning that Richard was the next younger son of Brians's father, Geoffrey de Cornwall (6) (to survive to adulthood). The Inquisitions Post Mortem into the lands held by Brian, in January 1400 (15), state variously that Richard was over 30, exactly 33, or over 33; suggesting a birth date from before 1366/7 up to 1370. However, as his father died in 1365, he was obviously born no later than nine months after this, so a date around the early to mid 1360s seems the most likely. Burke's gives a date of 1360, but no source is quoted (5).
  2. Geoffrey de Cornwall's heir, i.e. his eldest son to survive to adulthood, was Brian, who was 10 years old in May 1365 (6), and claimed his inheritence, aged 21, in May 1376 (27), meaning he was born in 1354/55.
  3. Two inquisitions post mortem (23)(24), and subsequent entries in the fine rolls(25)(26) from 1370-71 appear to show that Geoffrey's son and heir was called Geoffrey. However his heir was named as Brian at the time of his death in 1365 (6), and Brian eventually inherited on his coming of age in 1376 (27), so there is something amiss with these two entries. It doesn't seem possible that they relate to a different branch of the family (i.e. Geoffrey being the heir of a different Geoffrey), because one of them indicates that his inheritence included the manor of Stapleton (26), and it is clear that at the time of Brian's death (15), as well as much later in 1436 (18), Stapelton was still in the branch of the family that held Burford .
    On closer inspection, it can be seen that both of the inquisitions post mortem, although dated in 1370 and 1371, actually refer to the deaths of men in 1348 and 1352, at which time Richard's father Geoffrey was a minor. So I don't believe that these actually lend any support to the notion of Richard having a brother of that name.
    The visitation of Shropshire from 1623 (in which the pedigree was presumably accepted on the basis of some sort of evidence, albeit possibly not definitive) (4), claims that Geoffrey's 3rd son was called Geoffrey, so I'm not ruling out the possibility.
  4. Pedigree of the Cornwall family of Burford in "The Visitation of Shropshire taken in the year 1623" (published by The Harleian Society 1889), page 146.
  5. "Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition Vol II", 2003, page 1670, sub Grey, provides the following pedigree :
    Lineage (of Corn[e]wall):
          KING JOHN: married 2nd 24 Aug 1200 Isabella, only daughter and sole heiress of Dolomar Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, by Alice, daughter of Pierre de Courtenay (youngest son of LOIUS VI OF FRANCE; see also DEVON, E), and by her had a 2nd son:
          RICHARD, COUNT OF POITOU by Aug 1225 (renounced circa Dec 1243), 1st EARL OF CORNWALL, so styled from 21 Aug 1227 and KING OF THE ROMANS (i.e. heir presumptive to the Holy Roman Empire), so elected at Frankfurt 13 Jan 1256/7 and crowned at Aachen 17 May 1257 but soon ejected and returned to England, three of the Electors apparently having thrown him over because his monetary inducements to them were too small, Privy Coucil [1253]; born 5 Jan 1209; Constable Wallingford Castle 1216; knighted Feb 1224/5 and granted by his brother HENRY III 13 Feb 1224/5 the County of Cornwall during the King's pleasure, following which he was presumably invested as Earl of that county; Lt of Guienne 1226-27; Ambassador in HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR FREDERICK II 1237 and POPEs INNOCENT IV and ALEXANDER IV 1250 and 1259 respectively; went on Crusade 1240-41; Co- or sole Regent during his brother HENRY III's campaigns in Gascony 1253/54, fought with his brother HENRY III against Simon de Montfort's barons Battle of Lewes 1264, where captued; married 1st 30 March 1230/1 Isabel, 3rd daughter of William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and widow of Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford and (2nd Earl of) Gloucester, and had three sons (all died young or
    sp); married 2nd 22 Nov 1243, Sancha, sister of his brother HENRY III's wife ELEANOR and 3rd daughter and coheir of Raymond Berengar V, Count of Provence, and by her had two or three further sons (also died young or sp, including the 2nd and last EARL OF CORNWALL); married 3rd 16 June 1269 Beatrice, 2nd daughter of Waldram de Fauquemont (or Valkenberg, Nr Maastricht), Seigneur de Montjoie and brother of Engelbert Archbishop of Cologne, and died 2 April 1272, leaving by Jeanne de Valletort an illegitimate son:
          RICHARD de CORNWALL: granted 1283 by his half brother 2nd EARL OF CORNWALL the Manor of Thunnock, Lincs; killed Siege of Berwick 1296, leaving, with an elder son (Sir Edmund):
          Sir GEOFFREY CORNWALL: 1st feudal Baron of Burford, Salop; married by 1309 as her 1st husband, Margaret (born 14 Sept 1295; married 2nd William de Evereys and died circa Dec 1345), younger daughter and coheir of Hugh de Mortimer, 1st and last Lord (Baron) Mortimer of the Feb 1298/9 creation (see ZOUCH, B), and died by June 1335 leaving, with other issue, including an eldest son (Geoffrey):
          Sir RICHARD CORNWALL: 2nd feudal Baron of Burford; born 1313; married Joan - and died 1343 leaving:
              1a GEOFFREY (Sir)
              2a A son
              3a John (Sir): married -, niece of the Duke of Brittany ...
    The eldest son,
          Sir GEOFFREY CORNWALL: born 1335; 3rd feudal Baron of Burford; married Cecilia Seymour and died 1365, leaving, with other issue, including an elder son (Bryan(Sir), born 1355, 4th Feudal Baron of Burford, Sheriff Salop 1378-80 and Staffs 1378, married Matilda - and
    dsp 1400):
          RICHARD CORNWALL>: born 1360; 5th feudal Baron of Burford; married Cecilia, daughter of Sir John Merbury, and died 1443, having had an elder son:
          EDMUND CORNWALL: married 1st -; married 2nd Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas de la Barre, and
    dvp Cologne 1435, leaving an eldest son:
          THOMAS CORNWALL: married Elizabeth Lenthall and had issue.
  6. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XII, Edward III", 1938, entry no. 12, states:
    GEOFFREY DE CORNUBIA of DE CORNEWAILL, knight*
    Writ, 23 October, 39 Edward III
    HEREFORD. Inq. taken at Rachford, 2 December, 39 Edward III
          Rachford. A moiety of the manor (extent given), held of the king in chief by service of a barony. The extent includes a moiety of a park.
          He died in parts beyond seas on 18 May last, as the jurors understand. Brian his son, aged 10 years at the feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross last, is his heir.
    SALOP AND HEREFORD AND THE ADJACENT MARCH OF WALES. Inq taken at Stepelton, 3 December, 39 Edward III
          Stepelton. The manor (extent given, including a castle and works of tenants of other lords for the easement of common of pasture there), held of the king in chief by service of a barony.
          Leyntwardyn. £4 16d rent of free tenants, held of the heir of Roger de Mortuo Mari, late earl of March, by knight's service.
    SALOP. Inq taken at Borford, 1 December, 39 Edward III
          Borford. The manor (extent given), held of the king in chief by service of a barony. The extent includes a park.
          Overes. The hundred, held of the king in chief by service of rendering 6s 8d yearly at the Exchequer by the hands of the sheriff.
          He held no other lands &c in the county.
          He died on 18 May last, as the jurors understand. Heir as above
    Writ 23 October, 39 Edward III
    ESSEX. Inq (indented) taken at Neuport, 10 February, 40 Edward III
          Amberden. The deceased demised his manor of Amberden to John de Depeden, John Kempe, Richard Fifhide and William Michel for their lives, by an indenture between him and them dated at London, Friday after the quindene of Easter, 31 Edward III. John de Depeden died, and John Kempe, Richard Fifhide and William Michel granted all their estate in the manor to John Berners the elder and his heirs, by virtue of which grant the same John was seised in form aforesaid; and after his death John his son entered and had possession. During his possession Geoffrey de Cornewall released to him and his heirs and assigns all his right in the manor by a deed dated at Depeden, 12 April . 38 Edward III. The manor is held of the king, as of the homour of Peverel, by service of one knight's fee and suit to the king's court of Hatfield Peverel every month.
          Geoffrey de Cornewall held no other lands etc in the county.
          He died about the feast of St Luke last. Geoffrey (sic) his son is his next heir in blood, age not know because he dwells outside the neighbourhood (patria) in the county of Salop.
    [Commission+ to Richard Scholl and Richard Waryn to enquire as to the lands and heirs of Geoffrey de Cornubia, knight, and Marmaduke de Lomley, knight, &c. 22 November, 39 Edward III] (missing)
    [HEREFORD]. Inq taken before Richard Sholl and Richard Waryn at Racheford, Monday after the Epiphany, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey Cornuayle, knight, held of the king:-
          Rachefford. A moiety of the manor (extent given), held as a member belonging to the manor and barony of Borfford.
          He held nothing of any others.
          He died on Friday in Whitsun week, 39 Edward III. Brian his son, aged 10 years at the feast of the Holy Cross next, is his heir.
          Philip Lotteleye, the escheator, Hugh de Boraston and John Aboveton, reeve of Borforde, have been inpossession since his death until to-day, and have received the profits, together with the executors of Geoffrey and also with the king's escheator.
    [HEREFORD]. Inq taken at Stepulton before the same, Thursday after the Epiphany, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey de Cornuayll, knight, held of the king:-
          Stepulton. The manor with the castle (extent given).
          Date of death and heir as last above.
          Philip Lotteleye, the escheator, has removed all the profits since Geoffrey's death until the present day.
    [HEREFORD]. Inq taken at Leyntwardyn before the same, Wednesday after the Epiphany, 39 Edward III.
          Leyntwardyn. Lands and tenements.
          Date of death and heir as last above.
          Philip Lottell', the escheator, has taken all the profits since Geoffrey's death until the present day.
    [WORCESTER]. Inq taken at Hommecastel before Richard Sholl, Monday after the conversion of St Paul, 40 Edward III.
          Geoffrey Cornwayle, knight, held:-
          [Hommecastel and Karkedon]. A garden, 30a demesne land, 7a meadow pasture, underwood and 77s 5d rents, held of the king's in chief.
          Date of death as last above. Brian, his son, is his heir.
          Leo de Perton, the escheator, and Hugh de Boraston have received all the profits of the manors of Hommecastel and Karkendon since his death until the present day.
    NORTHAMPTON. Inq taken at Northamtone, 21 February, 40 Edward III, before Richard Sholl and Richard Waryn, concerning the lands &c. late of Geoffrey Cornuayle, knight, and Marmaduke Lomeleye.
          Throp. The manor, held of the king in chief of the fee of Chokes.
          Norton by Davintre. The manor, held of Thomas de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick.
          These the said Geoffrey gave to Geoffrey Cornuayll his uncle, John Gour, William atte More, chaplain, and Hugh de Boraston, without the king's license, to the disinheritence and defrauding of the of the wardship of his heir. Afterwards he came and re-entered the said manors, and recieved all the rents &c and died in seisin.
          He died on 1 September in the aforesaid year (sic), as the jurors understand. Brian his son is his heir.
          Robert Gyll held the manor at farm of the aforesaid Geoffrey for a term of years, and so from him one Hugh de Boraston received all the profits of the same manor (sic) from the day of Geoffrey's death until the present day
    DEVON. Inq taken before the same at South Molton, 20 December, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey de Cornwaille, knight, held:-
    Kyngesnementon. The manor, held of the king in chief, which he gave to his uncle Geoffrey Cornwaille and others (as above), and afterwards resumed as in the last inquisition.
          He died on 1 September, 39 Edward III, as the jurors understand.
          Heir not known, because not in the county.
          Walter de Wodelonde, knight held the manor at farm of the said Geoffrey, and so has had possession and taken all the profits since the said Geoffrey's death until the present day.
    SALOP. Inq taken before the same at Borford, Saturday after the Epiphany, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey de Coruayle, knight, held:-
          Boreforde. The manor (extent given, including a park and the hundred of Overes), held of the king in chief.
          He held nothing of other lords in the county.
          He died on Friday in Whitsun week last. Brian his son, aged 10 years on the feast of the Holy Cross next, is his heir.
          Hugh de Borastone, Philip de Lotteleye, the escheator, and John Aboveton have taken and possessed all the profits of the manor since the death of Geoffrey until the present day.
          The following were held of him:-
          Putelesden. The manor, held by John Gour, services not known.
          Wyle. The manor, held by John Herle, service not known.
          Sottone Stormy. The manor, held by the lady de Cokes'.
          Sheldesleye. The manor, held by the lady de Sheldesleye.
          Grote. The manor, tenure not stated.
          Achford and Overtone. The manors, held by Richard Estham.
          Hull. An eleventh part of a knight's fee, held by William Hull
                                                                                                    C. Edw. III File 184 (12)
                                                                                                    E. Inq. P.M. File 24 (15)
    WORCESTER. Inq taken at Worcester before the echeator, 36 (sic) November, 39 Edward III.
          Geoffrey de Cornubia held the following of the king in chief by service of the barony of Boreford:-
          Homme. A messauge, a garden, a moiety of a caracute of land, 16a meadow, 30s rents of assise of free tenants (there are no bondmen there), 6a thick wood, and pleas of court worth 12d yearly.
          Carkedone. A toft, a moiety of a caracute of land, 2a meadow, and 13s 4d rents of assise of free tenants.
          He held no other lands &c in the county.
          He died in parts beyond seas on 18 May last. Brian, his son, aged 11 years , is his heir.
                                                                                                    E. Inq. P.M. File 24 (15)
    * So called in several of the inquisitions but not in the writs.
    + See Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1364-1367, p.207.
  7. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, Vol XIV, 1367-1370", 1913, page 99, lists:
    April 5 1368. Pardon to Richard de Biterle and Cecily, late the wife of Geoffrey de Cornewaill, who held in chief, of their trespass in inter-marrying without the king's licence.
  8. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XII, Edward III", 1938, entry no. 330, states:
    CECILY LATE THE WIFE OF GEOFFREY DE CORNEWAILL, or CORNUBIA, knight
    Writ, 14 August, 43 Edward III
    SALOP. Inq. taken at Boreford, 24 August, 43 Edward III
          Boreford. £12 5d yearly rents of free tennants in the manor, held in dower of the inheritence of the said Geoffrey.
          Leyntwardyn in the adjacent march of Wales. 40s yearly rents of free tenants in the town, held in like manner * by endowment of Ingelram de Cousy, earl of Bedford, in recompense of her dower of the manor of Stepelton and other manors of the inheritence aforesaid. She held no other lands &c in the county.
          She died on 26 July last. Brian, son of the said Geoffrey and Cecily, aged 14 years, is her heir.
                                                                                                    C. Edw. III File 208 (3)
                                                                                                    E. Inq. P.M. File 30 (17)
    WORCESTER. Inq taken at Worcester, 18 August, 43 Edward III
          Homme Castel. A third part of a moiety of the manor, held in dowerof the inheritence of the said Geoffrey by endowment of Ingelram lord de Coucy, earl of Bedford. She held it of the king in chief by knight's service.
          Date of death and heir as above.
                                                                                                    E. Inq. P.M. File 30 (17)
    * The Exchequer copy, in an interlineation, states that the premises were held of the king in chief by service of part of a barony
  9. His wife is named as Cecily in the patent rolls of 1402 (28) and 1407 (16). The visitation of Shropshire (4) names her as the daughter of Sir John Seymore, whilst both Burke (5), and "The House of Cornwall", Liverpool and Reade, 1908, name her as the daughter of Sir John Merbury, and name Richard's mother (also called Cecily) as the daughter of Sir John Seymour. None of these offer any evidence for their assertions. Paul Reed, in his "Descent of St. Maur family of co. Monmouth and Seymour family of Hatch, co. Somerset" in the Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Volume 2, Issue 6, suggests that both these are wrong, and that she was actually the daughter of Roger Seymour, the putative brother of Sir John. He offers some reasoning behind this claim, but falls short of asserting it to be the case, calling her Roger's "probable" daughter. However he seems to offerint this from the position that he is trying to make the best possible fit to the Seymour family from between the two Cecilys. He still doesn't present any evidence that there ever was actually a Cecily Seymour at all (except by marriage - Roger's wife was called Cecily). I could understand these various efforts to make link to the Seymour family if there some reason, such as evidence that the Cornwall arms were quartered with Seymour ones, but I have found no evidence even of this.
  10. I have found no evidence of a sister Ellen, but she is shown in the pedigree given in the visitation of Shropshire 1623 (4), and "The House of Cornwall", Liverpool and Reade, 1908, states that Brian granted £10 per annum each to Richard and her in 1390, although it doesn't give specific details of the source for this claim.
  11. I have found no evidence of a daughter Matilda, but the pedigree of Walcot of Walcot given in the visitation of Shropshire 1623 shows that John Walcot of Walcot, who was living 3 Henry V, was married to "Matilda filia Ric'i Cornwall de Burford mil.", and "The House of Cornwall", Liverpool and Reade, 1908, makes the same claim, although it doesn't give details of the source for this.
  12. See Cecily's page
  13. "History from Marble compiled in the reign of Charles II by Thomas Dingley, Gent", Gough, 1857 includes copies of Dingley's original drawing and notes concerning marble monuments, drawn up in the 17th century. There is a drawing on page 291/cccvii (of Dingley's original notes, not Gough's explanatory ones) of Edmund Cornwall's monument in Burford church, and a transcript of the inscription below. The inscription is not contemporary, but was written when the monument was restored in 1630 :
    "Here lyeth the heart of Edmond Cornewayle Esqr sonne & heyre unto Sr Rychard Cornewayle of Burford Knt who travelling to know forraine countries died de Collenne the XIV year of HEN VI, and willed his servants to bury his body there and to enclose his heart in lead and carry it to Burford to be buried. The sayd Edmond married Elizabeth the elder daughter and one of the heirs of Sr Thomas Barre Knt of Herefordshire & cousin & heir to the Countess of Devonshire by wch Elizabeth the sayd Edmond had a son named Thomas and a daughter named Elianor. This Thomas married Elizabeth daughter and heire of Sr Rowland Leintall of Hampton in Herefordshire, by his wife Dame Lucy one of the cousins and heirs unto the last Lord Grey of Codnor and had issue by her Sr Edmond Cornewayle. The daughter named Elianor was married unto SrHugh Mortimer of Cuyrewyard by whom she had one daughter & heire which was married unto Sr Thomas West Knt ancestor to the Lord de la Ware now living, who had by her a daughter married to Sr Edward Guilford Knt who had issue by her Anne that most beautiful Ladt wife unto the valliant Duke of Northumberland father and mother unto ye noble Ambrose Earle of Warwick and to the right excellent Robert Earle of Leicester and to the Lady Katherine wife of Henry Lord Hastings Earle of Huntingdon and to Ladt Mary wife to Sr Henry Sydney Knt of ye Garter by whom he had issue Sr Philip Sydney Knt & Sr Robert Sydney created Erle of Leicester by King James & Mary wife to Henry Herbert Earle of Pembroke by whom he had issue William the late noble Erle of Pembroke Lord high steward of ye Household to King Carles & Philip now Erle of Pembroke & Montgomery Lord Chamberlain to King Charles Anno Dom MDCXXX the aforesaid Dame Elinor had to her second husband Sr Richard Croft Knight of whom by her was descended the Rt Honble James Croft Knt Comptroller of the Household to Queen Elizabeth. It hath been reported the same Dame Elinor so computed had such increase of children that seventeen score and odd people were descended of her bodye before she died"
  14. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XII, Henry IV, 1399-1405", 1931, pages 77-78, lists:
    Jan 30 1400. Order to the escheators in the counties of Devon, Northampton, Hereford and the adjacent march of Wales, Worcester, Salop and the adjacent march of Wales, to take into the king's hand and keep safely until further order all the lands whereof Brian de Cornewaille, 'chivaler', who held of the king in chief, was seised in his demesne as of fee on the day of his death; and to make inquisition touching his lands and heir.
  15. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XVII, Henry IV", entries no. 59-63, states:
    BRIAN DE CORNEWAILLE, KNIGHT.
    59. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    DEVON. Inquisition. Winkleigh. 19 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee the manor of King's Nympton with the advowson, of Richard Seymour, knight, of his manor of North Molton by knight service, annual value £20.
          He died on 17 Jan last. Richard his brother and heir is aged 30 years and more.
    60. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    HEREFORD AND THE ADJACENT MARCH OF WALES. Inquisition, Leominster. 19 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee various hamlets: Oatcroft, Titley, Cascob, Wapley, Combe and Rodd, with their apputenances in Lugharness in the Welsh March, with pleas of court and rents. These hamlets are parcels of the castle and town of Stapelton, held of the king in chief of the barony of Burford, annual value £8 5s.
          William atte Boure and Maud his wife hold half the manor of Rochford for life, by the grant of Brian, with remainder to his right heirs. It is held of Robert Clifford by the rent of one sparrowhawk, annual value 40s.
          Date of death and heir, aged 33 years and more, as above.
    61. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    SHROPSHIRE AND THE ADJACENT MARCH OF WALES. Inquisition, Ludlow. 16 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee of the king in chief:
          Burford, the manor, parcel of the barony, as 2½ knight's fees, annual value £18.
          Overs, the hundred, at fee farm, by a rent of 6s 8d payable by the sheriff, annual value 20s.
          Stapelton, the castle and vill, with the hamlets of Frodesley and Willey in the Welsh March, with pleas and perquisites of court, as members of the barony of Burford, annual value £12.
          Roger Wiggemore has an annual rent of 100s for life in Leintwardine, Kington, Burrington, and Adforton in Wigmoreland, by the grant of Brian, with reversion to his right heirs. William atte Boure and Maud his wife hold for life an annual rent of 40s in Whitton, Rockhill and Stokesay, also by grant of Brian, with reversion to his right heirs.
          Date of death and heir, aged 33, as above.
    62. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    WORCESTER. Inquisition. Upton on Severn. 23 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee half the manor of Ham, but of whom and by what service is unknown. There are ½ caracute, annual value 13s 4d; 4a meadow, 13s 4d; and assize rents of 20s payable at Lady Day and Michaelmas; total 46s 8d. Similarly he held the manor of Carton, of whom and by what service is unknown, annual value 26s 8d.
          Date of death and heir, aged 30, as above.
    63. Writ 30 Jan 1400.
    NORTHAMPTON. Inquisition. Daventry. 24 Feb.
          He held in his demesne as of fee 1 messuage, 1 caracute and 4a meadow in Thrupp by Daventry, annual value 30s; and 1 caracute in Welton, annual value 13s 4d, of whom all are held and by what service is unknown.
          On 8 Jan 1396 by the name of Brian de Cornewaille, knight, lord of Burford and Stapelton, he granted by his charter to William Wysham, knight, Robert Lodelowe, Roger Butley, John Baddeshawe, Nicholas Baker, rector of Burford, John Sturmy, John Sondon, and Robert Gyles their heirs and assigns the manor of Norton by Daventry. It is held of Thomas de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, by the service of a half a knight's fee, annual value 10 marks.
          He died on 7 [sic] January, heir, aged 33, as above.
                                                                                                    C. 137/5 no 25.
                                                                                                    E. 149/74 no 14.
  16. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry IV, Vol III, 1405-1408", 1907, page 382, lists:
    Dec 17 1407. License, for 20 marks paid in the hanaper, for Richard Cornewayle, esquire, to enfoeff Thomas Whitton, esquire, John Hudenet, esquire, and Thomas Bullesdon, chaplain of his castle and town of Stepulton in the marches of Wales adjoining the county of Salop, and for them to re-grant the same to him and Cecily his wife and the heirs of their bodies with remainder to his right heirs.
  17. Document at Birmingham Archives, reference MS 3279/351335 has the catalogue entry:
    Appointment by Richard Cornewayle, Lord of Burford and Alice his wife, John Penne of Hagley and Simon Byrchore of Kydermoustre [Kidderminster] as attorneys to deliver seisin to Walter Kebbyll, esq., Richard Pepur, and Johanna his wife of the patronage and advowson of the church of Churchehull, with the glebe of the same. Dated at Churchehull, Thursday next after the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary 6 Hen. V. [15 September 1418]
  18. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry VI, Vol II, 1429-1436", 1907, page 596, lists:
    July 11 1436. License, for 20 marks paid in the hanaper, for Richard Cornewaill, esquire, to enfoeff Edmund Cornewaill of Boreford and Elizabeth his wife, William Stokes, Thomas Moghale, clerk, Robert Amondesham, and John Cokes, of the town, castle and lordship of Stepulton in Lugharnesse situated in the march of Wales adjoining Herefordshire, of the manor of Boreford, except one acre of land therein, and of the hundred of Overes, co Salop, to hold to them and the heirs of the bodies of the said Edmund and Elizabeth, with remainder to the right heirs of Richard.
  19. Burke (5), along with others assert that Edmund died in 1435. However I believe it must have actually been in about August 1436, because he was still alive on July 11th that year (18), but if the inscription on his memorial is correct, he died in the 14th year of the reign of Henry 6th, which ended just over 7 weeks later on 31st August.
  20. A writ in the Fine Rolls indicates that Richard died sometime not too long before 29th January 1443 (21). In "The House of Cornwall", Liverpool and Reade, 1908, an exact date of January 10th is asserted, but without stating a source for the claim.
  21. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XVII, Henry VI, 1437-1445", 1937, pages 231-233, lists:
    Jan 29 1443. A writ of diem clausit extremum, after the death of Richard Cornewaylle, esquire, directed to the escheator in the counties of Northampton; Worcester; Buckingham; Salop and the adjacent march of Wales; Devon; Hereford and the adjacent march of Wales.
    July 3 1443. Another writ to the escheator of Worcester.
  22. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XII, Henry IV, 1399-1405", 1931, page 52, lists:
    March 4 1400. Order to William Slepe, escheator in the county of Salop and the adjacent march of Wales, to take the fealty of Richard, brother and heir of Brian de Cornewaylle, 'chivaler', and to cause him to have full seisin of all the lands which Brian held of the king in chief or was seised of in his demesne as of fee on the day of his death, as the king, for 1 mark paid in the hanaper, has respited his homage until Pentecost next.
    Order in like terms and due form to William Hody, escheator in the county of Devon
    The like to the following:-
    The escheator in the county of Hereford and the adjacent march of Wales.
    The escheator in the county of Northampton.
    The escheator in the county of Worcester.
  23. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XIII, Edward III", entry no. 12, concerns the lands of William Baret of Ashe Stormy, Salop. Much of it is of no relevance here, but it states that he held :
    A messuage and a caracute of land, held of Geoffrey de Cornubia, son and heir of Geoffrey de Cornubia, then a minor in the king's wardship, by service of 10s yearly.
    The inquisition is is dated 24 May 44 Edward III, but William is said to have died on 22 July, 26 Edward III.
  24. "Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol XIII, Edward III", entry no. 107, concerns the lands of Robert Golafre of Staunton, Hereford. Much of it is of no relevance here, but it states that he held in Staunon Logerous :
    12a land, held of Geoffrey de Cornubia, a minor in the king's wardship, as of the manor of Stepelton, which is of the inheritence of the said Geoffrey and is held of the king in chief by knight's service.
    The inquisition is is dated 20 May 45 Edward III, but Robert is said to have died on 20 April, 22 Edward III.
  25. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol VII, Edward III, 1368-1377", 1924, page 115, lists:
    April 28 1371. Order to William Banastre, escheator in the county of Salop, pursuant to an inquisition made by him shewing that William Baret of Asshe Stormy did not hold any lands in chief in the said county, but held in his demsne as of fee a messuage and a caracute of land in Asshe Stormy, co. Salop, of Geoffrey de Cornubia, son and heir of Geoffrey de Cornubia, who held in chief, a minor in the king's ward, by the service of 10s yearly, and that Roger, son of Roger Baret, William's brother, is William's next heir and of full age, - to deliver the premises to the said heir after taking his fealty.
  26. "Calendar of the Fine Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol VII, Edward III, 1368-1377", 1924, pages 130/1, lists:
    July 2 1371. Order to William Auncell, escheator in the county of Hereford,-pursuant to an inquisition made by him shewing that Robert Golafre of Staunton did not hold any lands in chief in the said county on the day of his death, but held 12 acres of land in Staunton Logerous of Geoffrey de Cornubia, then a minor in the king's ward, as of the manor of Stepelton, which was and is of Geoffrey's inheritence and is held in chief by knights service, and also held in his demesne as of fee a messuage and a virgate of land in Netherstaunton of others than the king, and that William, his son, is his net heir and of full age,- to take the fealty of William and deliver the said 12 acres to him.
  27. "Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, Vol XIV, 1374-1377", 1913, page 311, lists:
    May 20 1376. To William Walshale esheator in Salop and the march of Wales adjacent. Order to cause Brian son and heir of Geoffrey de Cornewaille tenant in chief to have seisin of his father's lands taken into the king's hand by his death; as he has proved his age before the escheator, and the king has taken his homage and fealty.
  28. "Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry IV, Vol II, 1401-1405", 1905, page 382, lists:
    June 22 1402. Licence, for 20 marks paid in the hanaper by Hugh Cheyne, 'chivaler', Edmund Cheyne and William Boure, for Richard Cornewaill to enfoeff them of the manor of Boreford, co Salop, and a moiety of the manors of Hamme and Karkedon, co. Worcester, held in chief, and for them to re-grant the same to him and Cecily his wife and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder to his right heirs.



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