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Thomas White

1745 - 1826

Father Michael White
Mother Ann
1st Wife Mary Clayton
2nd Wife Ellen Twigg
Children Elizabeth, Alice, Ann, Sarah, Mary, Grace, Elizabeth, Thomas


Thomas was born in 1745 in Brushfield (1), the son of Michael (2) and Ann (31), and baptised at Taddington on 17th November 1745 (2). He had an sister Mary (25), who was probably about a year his senior (3). His brother Michael was born in 1748 (4), followed by a sister Alice in 1751 (5), then brothers Henry in 1753 (6), and William in 1755 (7). he also had a brother James (25) and a sister Ann (25), but their dates of birth are unknown.

He married Mary Clayton on 2nd January 1770, at All Saints in Bakewell (8), and they settled in Priestcliffe (9,10,11 ...-23) (presumably on a farm which his father rented (25)), where their first daughter Elizabeth was born towards the end of the year (9). They had another daughter Alice in 1772 (10), followed by Ann in 1774 (11), Sarah in 1776 (12), Mary in 1778 (13) and Grace at the beginning of 1780 (14). In July of that year, tragedy struck the family when Mary, Grace and Elizabeth all died within a few days of each other (15)(17). The cause of their deaths is not known, but infectious disease seems unlikely, as outside of this family there were no more burials than normal that month. They had another daughter the following year who was baptised as Betty (18), but later known as Elizabeth (25).

His wife Mary died in 1783 (19), but he remarried a few months later to Ellen Twigg of Winster (20). He and Ellen had a son Thomas towards the end of 1784 (21), but Ellen died a couple of months after his birth (22), and then Thomas junior died a month after that (23).

His father died in 1789 (24), and Thomas was left the tennacy of the farm in Priestcliffe, along with some land called Wayfurlong (in Millers Dale (26)). His daughters were to inherit Wayfurlong after Thomas's death, and the youngest, Elizabeth, was also left 20 to be paid when she turned 21 (25).

Thomas may have maried for a third time in 1801, to Helen Haynes of Streethouse (27) (which I believe to be a farm near the Duke of York pub on the Ashbourne Road near Flagg. However I have not found any trace of a Haynes family living there around this time). If he did, then she died in 1818 (29).

His mother died at the end of 1808 (30), and being the eldest son he was granted administration of her estate (31).

Thomas died aged 81 (although his burial entry in the parish register claims he was 82) in November 1826, and was buried in Taddington (32).


Brief details of his children:



Sources:

  1. No residence is noted against his baptism, but his father is known to have lived in Brushfield all his life, and Thomas's younger siblings' baptisms name Brushfield as the residence, so it seems likely that he was also born there.
  2. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [1745] Bapd Thomas son of Michaell White of Brushfield [.....]
    End of line cannot be read on microfilm. Transcript by Val Neal gives date as 27th November.
  3. No baptism has been found for Mary, but her age noted at burial (75 on 24th August 1819) indicates a birth around 1744.
  4. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [1748] Bapd Michaell son of Michaell White Brushfield [.....]
    End of line cannot be read on microfilm. Transcript by Val Neal gives date as 23rd June.
  5. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [1751] Bapd Alies Daughter of Michaell White Bru~ Jan 24
  6. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [1753] Bapd Henry son of Micael White of Brush.....
    End of line cannot be read on microfilm. Transcript by Val Neal gives date as 22nd July.
  7. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [1755] Bapd William ye son of Micheal White ^of Brushfield and Ann his wife Decem....
    End of line cannot be read on microfilm. Transcript by Val Neal gives date as 14th December.
  8. Parish Register of All Saints, Bakewell, includes an entry in the general register:
    [January 1770] 2nd Mard Thos White of Brushfield & Mary
    Clayton of Presscliff   entd in mar Reg

    This has been crossed out and replaced with an entry in the marriage register:
    Thomas White of Brushfield
    and Mary Clayton of this Parish were
    Married in this Church by Banns
    in this second Day of January in the Year One Thousand seven Hundred
    and seventy By me Richard Chapman Vicar

    The Marriage was solemnized between Us Thomas White
    Mary White Clayton
    In the Presence of Danl Makinson
    [Saml Bal]
  9. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [October 1 1770] Baptized Elizabeth Daughter of Thos & Mary White of Brushfield the same day
  10. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [October 1772] Bapt Alice Daughter of Thos White of Prestcliffe   8
  11. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [October 1774] ..th Baptiz'd Ann Daughter of Thomas & Mary White of Prestcliff
    Start of line cannot be read on microfilm. Transcript by Val Neal gives date as 9th October..
  12. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [May 12 1776] Baptized Sarah Daughter of Thos & Mary White of Prestcliffe
  13. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [1778] March 17 Baptiz'd Mary Daughter of Thos & Mary White of Prestcliffe
  14. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [January 1780] 18th Baptiz'd Grace Daughter of Thos & Mary White of Prestcliffe
  15. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [1780] July 11th Buried Mary and Grace Daughters of Thomas & Mary White of Prestcliffe
  16. N/A
  17. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [1780] July 14th Buried Elizabeth Daughter of Thos & Mary White aforesaid
  18. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [1781] June 3rd Baptiz'd Betty Daughter of Thomas & Mary White of Prestcliffe
  19. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [Feby 1783] 9th Buried Mary the wife of Thomas White of Prestcliffe
  20. Parish Register of All Saints, Bakewell, includes the entry:
    Thos White of Presscliff of this Parish and
    Ellen Twigg of Winster were
    Married in this Church by License
    this tenth Day of July in the Year One Thousand seven Hundred
    and Eighty three By me [B.....] Walthall

    The Marriage was solemnized between Us Thos White
    Ellen   X   Twigg   her mark
    In the Presence of Wm White
    Wm Makinson
  21. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [November 1784] ..7 Baptiz'd Tomas of Thos & Ellen White of Prestcliffe Start of line cannot be read on microfilm. Transcript by Val Neal gives date as 24th November, but it looks like it ends in a 7 to me.
  22. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [December 1784] Buried Ellen the wife of Thomas White of Prestcliffe
    Start of line cannot be read on microfilm. Transcript by Val Neal gives date as 7th December.
  23. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [January 1785] 23rd Buried Tomas an infant of Thos White of Prestcliffe
  24. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    [March 1789] 17th Buried Michael White of Brushfield
  25. Will of Michael White (top of page 1, bottom of page 1, top of page 2, bottom of page 2) (ref: B/C/11/Michael White, Brushfield, 1789 @ Lichfield Record Office) reads:
    In the name of God Amen I Michael White of Brushfield (Senior) in the Parish of Bakewell & County
    of Derby yeoman being weak of Body but of sound and perfect mind & memory, do make & ordain this my last
    Will and Testament in manner and form following. First My Will is that all my just Debts funeral
    charges & the expense of proving this my last will be paid by my Executor & Executrix out of my personal Estate
    I give to my son Thomas the use of my lands lying with the Libery of Tideswell known by the name of Wayfurlong
    during his natural life on condition that he pays to my wife Five Pounds a year of lawful money by two equal
    payments out of the profits of the said land during her natural life if he survives her; and after the decease of my
    said son Thomas I give & devise the aforesaid land to be equally divided amongst his four daughters Alice, Ann,
    Sarah & Elizabeth each to have an equal share to them their heirs and assigns for ever paying to my wife Five
    Pounds a year, each an equal share thereof as before expressed if she be living after they come into possession of the
    said land and if one or more of them happens to die before they are in possession of the said land, it is my will that her
    or their share or shares shall go to the survivor or survivors. And it is my desire that my said son Thomas may have
    the tenantright of my farm lying at Priestcliffe which I now rent under Mr Bossley, which favour I hope Mr Bossley
    will not refuse. I also give to Elizabeth the Daughter of my said son Thomas Twenty Pounds of Lawful Money
    to be paid her by my son Henry out of my Personal Estate when she arrives at the age of Twenty One Years,
    if she be living at that time. I also give to my son Henry the use of my land at Blasley consisting of four
    Enclosures lying within the Liberty of Priestcliffe until his son Michael arrives at the age of Twenty One
    Years on condition that he pays to my wife Five Pounds a year of lawful money by two equal payments
    out of the profits of the said land until his son Michael is Twenty One Years of age, if she lives so long and
    when Michael the son of my said son Henry is Twenty One Years of age I give and devise the said lands
    at Blasley with all their appurtenances to him his heirs & assigns for ever, paying to my wife Five Pounds
    a year out of the profits of the said Lands as before expressed, if she be then living during the remainder of her
    natural life. I give and devise to my son Henry Two enclosed pieces of land known by the name of Water
    Less Close lying within the liberty of Taddington with all their appurtenances to him his heirs & assigns
    for ever. I also give to my said son Henry all my Cattle & all my living stock of Goods whatsoever, paying
    to my Wife Fifty Pounds of lawful Money out of the said Stock, Twelve Months next after my decease.
    And if she happen to die before the said Fifty Pounds becomes due it is my will that she may dispose of
    the said Money amongst our Children as she shall think proper & I order and direct my son Henry to pay the said
    Money (if she dies before it becomes due according to her will. I also give to my son Henry the Tenantright
    of that land lying within the Liberty of Taddington which I now rent under Benjamin Bland. It is my will
    and order that my son James shall pay all the arrears of rent after the sale of Twenty three pounds a year in
    lawful Money that is due for the land he now rents under me at Cowdale to my Wife at my decease. And it
    is my will and order that my son James shall pay to my wife Twenty Three pounds a year of lawful money by
    two equal payments on the Tenth day of October & the fifth day of April yearly, as rent for that Estate at Cowdale
    aforesaid during her natural life. I give and devise to my son James all my real Estate at Cowdale aforesaid
    with all its appurtenances, to him his heirs and assigns for ever, to enter on the said Estate One year
    after my Wife's decease & paying rent for the same before that time as before expressed. I give the estate at
    Cowdale aforesaid to my son James on the following conditions; that he pays Twenty Three Pounds of lawful money
    to my son Henry as rent for the same one year next after my wife;s decease; and also that he pays to my
    Son Henry Three Hundred and Fifty Pounds of lawful money out of the said Land, Twelve months next
    after my wife's decease; But if my said Son James does not pay to my son Henry Three Hundred & fifty Pounds
    of lawful money Twelve Months next after my wife's decease & perform the other conditions concerning the rents etc of
    the Estate at Cowdale aforesaid as before expressed then I give & devise the Estate at Cowdale with all its appurtenances
    to my son Henry to him his Heirs and assigns for ever; in trust for him my said son Henry to sell it
    and to pay my son James Three Hundred Pounds of Lawful Money out of the Moneys arising from the sale
    thereof; and also to pay the other Legacies out of the said Money as is hereafter expressed as soon as can be
    done after Twelve Months are expired after my wife's decease; if my son James does not perform the conditions
    concerning the Estate at Cowdale as are before expressed I give to my son Michael Fifty Pounds to be paid as
    follows; it is my Will and order that my son Henry shall lay out Five pounds every half year in Iron for the
    use of my son Michael till the whole Fifty Pounds are paid, the first Five Pounds of which, is to be laid out
    the first half year after one year is expired after my wife's decease & so on as before expressed till the whole Fifty
    pounds are paid. I also give to my son William Fifty Pounds. I also give to my Daughter Mary Micock Fifty
    Pounds. I also give to my daughter Alice Rowson Fifty Pounds. I also give to my daughter Ann Makinson
    Fifty Pounds. The aforesaid Legacies to my son William & to my daughters Mary, Alice & Ann it is my Will
    and order that they are paid in lawful money by my son Henry Twelve months next after my wife's decease
    out of my Estate at Cowdale aforesaid & my son Michaels Fifty Pounds must be paid out of the said Land
    I also give and devise to my Daughter Ann Makinson, one enclosed piece of land lying on the top of Priest-
    cliffe Nether Lees and also Thirteen Sixteenths of a Beast Grass in Priestcliffe Nether Lees aforesaid to her,
    her Heirs and Assigns for ever. I also give to my wife the bed where we now lie, with all the Cloaths thereunto
    belonging, & what Houshold Goods she shall think proper. The remainder of my houshold Goods which my Wife
    has not I give to my son Henry. If my Grandson Michael White the son of my said son Henry happens
    to die before he is Twenty one years of age then I give and devise the Lands at Blasley aforesaid to
    my son Henry to Him his Heirs and Assigns for ever. It is my desire that my son Henry may have
    the tenantright of my farm which I now rent under his Grace the Duke of Devonshire lying at Brushfield which
    favour I hope the Duke and his Stewards will not refuse. It is my will and order that if any of the Daughters
    of my son Thomas either Alice, Ann, Sarah or Elizabeth happens to die without issue before they come into
    [..... ...... .... ..... ...... ....... ....... .....long] mentioned in a former part of my Will that
    their share or shares [...] go to the survivor or survivors, but if any one of my said son Thomas's Daughters
    beforementioned shall die and leave any Issue I order and direct that the mother's share shall be equally
    divided amongst such children; and if any of them leave but one one Child it shall have its mother's share
    And lastly I do hereby appoint my wife to be Executrix, and my son Henry to be Executor
    of this my last Will and Testament, and do hereby empower them to call in all my Debts and to pay
    what I owe; In witness wheeof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal this 21st day of January
    in the year of our Lord 1789.
                                            Michael White
    Signed Sealed published and declared by the before named
    Michael White to be his last Will and Testament
    in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our
    names as Witnesses in the presence of the Testator
            John Newton
            Ralph Bagshaw senior
            Mary Lovet

    Probate of the will reads:
    Bakewell 14th May 1789
    Let a probat be granted to Henry White the
    Executor Reserving a power for Ann White
    Widow the Executrix
    He being sworn Under 100 l
    before me
    Richard Chapman Surr
  26. Wayfurlong is believed to be in or near to Millers Dale, based on a handful of mentions in other, unrelated, documents such as :
    Derbyshire Record Office reference D504/49/17, catalogue entry reads:
    24 May 1755
    Grant and release of goods and effects devised by the late Joseph Holme of Monyash, and demise of a messuage, stable, two crofts and pieces of land called Wayfurlong and Brookfurlong at Millers Dale in the parish of Tideswell, from Thomas Holme the elder of Monyash to Thomas Holme the younger of Monyash
    Derbyshire Record Office reference D504/49/1, catalogue entry reads:
    Lease for 99 years of one rood of land called the Weefurlonge [no parish noted], from James Swift of Brampton to Thomas Holme of Milnehouse Dale, 6 May 1697
    Derbyshire Record Office reference D504/49/2, catalogue entry reads:
    Articles of agreement between Rowland Eyre of Hassop and his tenants, and Thomas Holme of Milnehouse Dale in the parish of Tidswall [Tideswell], relating to an exchange of land on Wye Furlong and on Brookfurlong in the fields of Tidswall
    8 Mar 1697/8
  27. There are no other known Thomas Whites in and around Taddington at the time likely to have been involved in this marriage (28), and the brides apparent burial in 1818 (29) indicates that she was a mature woman of about 46 at the time of marriage, hence more likely to be a widow, as was the groom. The only thing that argues against this being the same Thomas is that Thomas getting married was said to be of Brushfield rather than Priestcliffe (although of course Brushfield was Thomas's ancestral home).
  28. Parish Register of All Saints, Bakewell, includes an entry:
    Thomas White of Brushfield and
    Hellen Haynes of Street House Both in this Parish were
    Married in this Church by Banns
    this twentyfifth Day of May in the Year One Thousand eight Hundred
    and one By me Peter Walthall

    The Marriage was solemnized between Us Thos White
    hellin Haynes
    In the Presence of Peter Holme
    Sarah Roberts
  29. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Ellen White Brushfield Novr
    24th
    [1818]
    63
  30. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    1809
    Jany 3rd Buried Ann the Widow of Michl White of Brushfield
  31. Administration of Ann White (ref: B/C/11/Ann White, Brushfield, 1809 @ Lichfield Record Office) reads:
          At Bakewell 21st April 1809.
    Let as Administration of all and singular
    the Goods Chattels Credits and Personal Estate
    of Ann White late of Brushfield in the
    parish of Bakewell in the County of Derby
    and within the jurisdiction of the Dean
    and Chapter of Lichfield Widow deceased
    be granted to Thomas White the natural
    and lawful Son of the deceased

     
    Intestate died     
    30. Dec. 1808
    The said Thomas White being duly sworn
    and also that the Personal Estate of the
    said deceased would not amount in
    value to the sum of 5
                      Before me
                  Richard Chapman Surrogate

    In a different hand, seperate from the administration, is written:
    Robt Bagshaw [Exor] of Michl White 19 yrs ago
    Henry White & Ann White
    [W] White   [Sad la..]
    James White   Buxton
  32. Parish Register of St Leonard's, Taddington, includes the entry:
    Name Abode When buried Age
    Thomas White Taddington Novr
    7th
    [1826]
    82



Notes:


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