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Hugh de Mortimer
circa 1219 - 1274
Hugh was born in or before 1219 (11). His father died at around the same time (1), and his mother remarried just a few months later, to William de Stuteville (2). He probably had at least one step-sibling, Robert de Stuteville (2).
In 1230, he would have held Amberdene and Wodeham in Essex as heir of his father (3), however as he was still a minor both he, and his inheritence, was placed in the custody of Henry de Trubleville (4).
In 1242, following the death of his mother, he sued his stepfather, William de Stuteville (5). He was not succesful in this so tried again the following year (6), when he managed to gain possession of a small portion of his mother's inheritance in settlement (7).
His son Robert was born in about 1252 (17). He also had a daughter Isabel, but its not known whether she was older or younger than Robert (8). There is also a possibility that he had an older, but illegitimate, son William (9).
In 1254, he was granted free warren of his lands in Amberden, Essex, Hamme, Worcester, and Racheford, Herefordshire (10).
His stepfather, William de Stuteville, died in 1259 (11), and Hugh finally came into the bulk of his inheritence via the Barony of Burford.
He fought for the king in Wales in 1263 (12), and was given protection again (almost certainly whilst once more on the kings service) in 1266 (14). In 1267, following the Treaty of Montgomery, Hugh was amongst those charged with enforcing the peace which had been agreed with Llewelyn, Prince of Wales (16).
In 1266 he was given a license for life to hunt in Herford, Worcester, Shropshire and Staffordshire (13). Later the same year he was granted the right to hold a market and fair in his manor of Burford, and also granted free warren there, and in his manor of Wychbold (15).
He died about November 1274 (17)
Brief details of his children:
- Robert has his own page.
- Little is known of Isabella, other than that she appears to have remained a spinster, yet lived to a good age.
- William, if he was Hugh's son, was born about 1248. He didn't have any (survivng) children, and died in 1308.
See his mother's page.
"Calendar of Charter Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol I, 1226-1257", 1903, page 109, lists:
- See his father's page.
Jan 4 1230. Grant to H. de Burgo, earl of Kent, and Margaret his wife, for their lives, remainder to their heirs, remainder to the heirs of the said Hubert, of the homage and sevice of the following tenants of the honour of Peverel of London viz - [sizeable list, mostly of no interest here, but including ...] of the heirs of Mortuo Mari for land in Amberdene and Wodeham.
"Calendar of the Close Rolls of the reign of Henry III preserved in the Public Record Office, 1227-1231", 1902, page 435, lists:
1230. Pro H de Trublevill' - Mandatum est episcopo Cicestrensi et S. de Segrave quod dominus rex concessit Henrico de Trublevill' custodiam terre et heredis Roberti de Mortuo Mari usque ad etatem predicti heredis; et quod de omnibus terris qeu fuerunt ipsius Roberti et de quibus fuit saisitus die quo obiit, eidem Henrico saisinam, sicut predictum ets, et heredem ipsius Roberti habere faciant. Teste ut supra.
In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 316, Eyton cites an entry in "Placita, Mich Tm. 26 Hen III, m6 dorso" and states :
"In Michaelmas Term 1242, Margery de Say being apparently dead, Hugh de Mortimer, her son and heir, was suing William de Stuteville for waste. The first move in this litigation failed for want of form, and the Plaintiff had leave to prosecute in some other mode. It appeared that Stuteville had had issue by Margery de Say, and so held the Barony by Courtesy of England"
In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 316, Eyton cites an entry in "Placita, Easter Tm. 27 Hen III, m23" and states :
"Again in Easter Term 1243, the Suit was renewed"
In his "Antiquities of Shropshire", Volume 4, page 316, Eyton cites an entry in "Fines (divers Comitat), 27 Hen III, No 77" and states :
"[The suit] ended in a Fine whereby Mortimer withdrew all impeachment of waste in the woods of Burford, Richard's Castle, etc, receiving at once the Manor of Hamme, in Worcestershire, the service of Robert de Clifton, in Clifton (Worcestershire), and the lands called Cascope"
Isabel is named as Robert's sister after his death - see Robert's page
After the death of Hugh's son Robert in 1287, mention is found of Robert's kinsman William, to whom Robert had granted land, but no clue to his actual relationship is given. After the death of Robert's son Hugh, an inquisition to find the age of his eldest daughter Joan was taken, with evidence given by a William de Mortuo Mari age 60, again no relationship is mentioned. The following year the same Joan and her sister Margaret, are named as next heirs following the death of William de Motuo Mari of Hamme.
If the age of 60, given in April 1308 is accurate, then he must have been born in about 1248. This would place him in the same generation as Hugh's children. As Hugh did not have any brothers who could be father to William (he was born about the same time as his father's death meaning that he must have been the youngest son, and was his father's heir meaning that he was the eldest son too), the implication is that William was Hugh's son. The fact that he was seeming older than Hugh's son Robert, yet did not inherit as next heir, implies that he was illegitimate - this would also explain why he was called kinsman of Robert, rather than brother.
"Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry III, 1247-1258", 1908, page 330, lists:
Sept 12 1254. The like [grant of free warren], at the instance of William de Mortu Mari, to Hugh de Mortuo Mari in his demesne lands of Amberden, co Essex, Hamme, co Worcester, and Racheford, co Hereford. Witnesses:- Peter de Sabaudia, Ralph son of Nicholas, John de Grey, Nicholas de Molis, John son of Geoffrey, Roger de Monte Alto, William de Grey and others.
"Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol II, Henry III", entry no. 439, states:
WILLIAM DE STUTEVILLE alias DE STOTEVILLE, DE STOTEWILL
Writ to the sheriff of Worcester, 20 May, 43 Hen III. Inq undated.
Sir Hugh de Mortuo Mari, aged 40, son of Margery sometime the wife of the said William, is his heir.
WORCESTER. Wychebaud manor, held of the king, of the inheritence of Margery sometime his wife, by the courtesy of England, service unspecified.
Coderugge manor, similarly held.
Huweleston township, held of the bishop of Worcester, service unspecified.
Writ to the sheriff of Salop, 20 May, 43 Hen III. Inq undated.
SALOP. Bureford manor, held (of the king?) of the inhertience of Marjory sometime his wife, by the courtesy of England, service unspecified.
Wulfreton manor with the free Hay, similarly held.
Stepelton manor with Wylileg' Welshry, similarly held.
C. Hen. III. File 22 (14)
A more detailed extraction of the IPM for his Worcestershire lands from "The Inquisitiones Post Mortem for the County of Worcester, Part I", J.W. Willis Bund, 1894, page 4, states:
WILLIAM DE STUTEVILL,
Inquisition made by the oath of William Corbet, Baldwin de Romely, Thomas de Stokes, John de Modnirum [Monteviron] William Aleyn, William de Loges, Robert Wyard, Roger de Wasseburne, John Clyfard, John de Meus, William de Hanleg' [Hanley] Robert de Astwode, and Henry de Peremort, who say that William de Scoteville
[Stutevill] held no lands of the king in the county of Worcester of his own inheritance, but of the inheritance of Margery, his wife, he held, by the law of England, of the king, the manor of Wycheband [Wychbold], worth by the year £15 5s, and the manor of Coderingge [Cotheridge], worth £11 10s by the year; and he held of the Bishop of Worcester in the said county the township of Hulkeleston, worth by the year £10. Sir Hugh de Mortuo Mari [Mortimer], son of the said Margery, is next heir of the said Margery, and is of full age.
Writ dated 20 May, 43 Hen. III. [A.D. 1259].
Inq. p.m., 43 Hen. III, No. 23.
"Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry III, 1258-1266", 1910, page 248, lists:
Feb 9 1263. Protection with clause, until Misummer or during the Weslh war within that term, for [a long list of men including] Hugh de Mortuo Mari.
"Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry III, 1258-1266", 1910, page 619, lists:
July 23 1266. License for life for Hugh de Mortuo Mari to hunt with his own dogs the hare, the fox, the badger and the cat through all the forests in the counties of Hereford, Worcester, Salop and Stafford, and to stretch his nets to take them whenever he will, except in the fence month.
"Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry III, 1258-1266", 1910, page 633, lists:
Aug 28 1266. Simple protection for one year to Hugh de Mortuo Mari of Richard's Castle.
"Calendar of Charter Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol II, 1257-1300", 1906, page 62, lists:
Nov 16 1266. Grant to Hugh de Mortuo Mari, of Richard's Castle, and his heirs, of a weekly market on Saturday at his manor of Bureford, co Salop, and of a yearly fair there on the vigil, the feast and the morrow of St Margaret; grant also of free warren in all the demesne lands of the said manor and of the manor of Wycebaud, co Worcester.
"Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry III, 1266-1272", 1913, pages 113/4, lists:
Sept 29 1297. Commission to Roger de Sumery, Hugh de Mortuo Mari and Roger de Hopton, sheriff of Salop and Stafford, to do and complete all things contained in the form of the peace made between the king and his faithful Llewelin son of Griffin, prince of Wales. And the king has commanded all bailiffs and others of the march between the county of Chester and the lands of the earl of Gloucester to be intendant to them herein as they shall let these know, provided moreover that the king's peace be observed in the said parts to the said Llewelin and his.
"Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other analogous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol II, Edward I", entry no. 132, states:
HUGH DE MORTUO MARI of Richard's Castle
Writ, 28 Nov, 3 Edw I.
HEREFORD. Inq, Friday the morrow of St Lucy, 3 Edw I.
Richard's Castle (extent given), held of the king in chief by barony, pertaining to Bureford.
Rachesford (extent given), held of the fee of Clifford by service of ¼ knight's fee.
Robert de Mortuo Mari, aged 22 and more, is his next heir.
SALOP. Inq, Saturday after St Lucy, 3 Edw I. (defective)
Bureford. The manor (extent given), with two parts of the advowson of the church, the third part pertaining to the lord of Grete, and the pleas and perquisites of the hundred of Ovres, which used to be worth 6 marks, but Sir Roger de Mortuo Mari and the abbot of Wygemore have withdrawn 3 marks to themselves, held of the king by barony; and there pertain to the barony of Bureford 32½ knights' fees in divers counties.
Stepelton. The manor (extent given), held of the king by the barony of Bureford.
Heir as above, aged 22½.
WORCESTER. Inq, Monday before St Thomas, 3 Edw I.
Wichebaud. The manor (extent given), held of the king in chief as pertaining to the barony of Bureford; and 1 knight's fee is held of the manor by Peter Corbet, ¼ fee held by Thomas de Arderne, 1 fee held by Adam de Elmebrug, ½ fee held by Henry Peremort, ½ fee held by Grimbald Pancefot, and 1/10 fee held by Joan de Hanewode, all rendering nothing but suit at the court.
Codrugg. The manor (extent given), with the advowson of the church of All Saints, Worcester, similarly held of the king; and 1/12 kinght's fee is held by John son of Hugh, rendering nothing but suit at the court of Codrugg.
Hulestone. 2½ virgates land, 4a meadow, a garden, and 2¾ virgates in villenage, held of the bishop of Worcester for ½ knight's fee.
Homm. A capital messuage, 3 virgates and 33a land in demesne, 3a meadow, pasture, 72s rent of free tenants, 1 virgate land in villenage &c held of the king by barony as abovesaid.
Robert de Mortuo Mari his son, aged 22 and more, is his next heir.
C. Edw. I. File 10 (10)
A more detailed extraction of the IPM for his Worcestershire lands from "The Inquisitiones Post Mortem for the County of Worcester, Part I", J.W. Willis Bund, 1894, page 21, states:
WYCHBOLD, COTHERIDGE, AND HOME.
Inquisition made on Monday before the Feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, 3 Edward I, before P. de Stoke, sub-escheator, by the oath of Robert de Astwode, Adam Allewey (?), John de la Hethe of Bromesgrave, John de la Wominge of Bromesgrave, Richard son of ...., John son of Hugh, Richard son of Adam, Adam
de Wesebur', Richard son of Ralph de Lega [Leigh], John de Berton of Lega, Walter Fanling' of the same place, and Robert Botevilem, who say that Hugh de Mortuo Mari [Mortimer] of Richard's Castle held in chief of the king the manors of Wichebaud [Wychebold], Codrugge [Cotheridge], and Homin [Home Castle], pertaining to the Barony of Bureford [Burford] and that Robert de Mortuo Mari is his son and next heir, and is of the age of 22 years
and more, as they say. And they say there is at Wichebaud a capital messuage with a curtilage worth yearly 2s; one dovecot 12d; 4 virgates of land in demesne, a virgate containing 60 acres, and every acre worth yearly 5d. Sum of the demesne 100s. There are there in demesne 12 acres of meadow, and every acre is worth yearly 18d. Sum 18s. The pasture is worth yearly 6s 4d; there is there a wood from which can be sold yearly underwood to the value of 4s, without waste; from pannage nothing; rents of assize of the free tenants there £8 6s 3d. Peter Corbet holds of the said manor one knight's fee; Thomas de Arderne, a fourth part of a fee; Adam de Elmebrug [Elmbridge] one fee; Henry Peremort, half a fee; Grimaldi Pancefot [Grimbald Pauncefot] half a fee; Joan de Hanewode a tenth part of a fee; none of whom render anything except suit of Court. There are there in villeinage 6 virgates of land and a half; every virgate of land contains 60 acres, and every acre worth yearly 5d. Sum of the value of land held in villeinage £8 2s 6d. There are there 12 acres of meadow which belong to the same villeinage and each worth 18d. Sum of the value of the meadow 18s. Every virgate of land owes work for 4 days every week, from Michaelmas to the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, and every work is worth by the day ½d. Sum of the works for the aforesaid time 44s 5d; and from the said Feast to Michaelmas every virgate renders 4s. Sum, 26s. From tallage of the villeins there yearly 60s; from pleas and perquisites of Court there yearly £8 10d; warpeni [wardpenny ?] there yearly 9d; view of frankpledge
there yearly 20s; toll there yearly 30s.
Sum of all the extent of Wichbaud £41 1d. They say that the messuage, curtilage, with the gardens of the manor of Codrugg', together with a certain vineyard, are worth yearly 5s 8d. There are there 5 virgates of land, every virgate containing 60 acres, and every acre worth yearly 4d. Sum £3 6s 8d. Also 24 acres of
meadow, each one worth yearly 18d. Sum 26s. The pasture there is worth 8s. The rents of assize of the free tenants yearly, £11 11d. ..... son of Hugh, the twelfth part of a knight's fee, and renders nothing to the lord except suit of Court. Also they say that .... belonged to the church of All Saints of Worcester to its presentation (?) and worth l00s. There are also returns for the dovecot works of tenants pleas and perquisites of Court, &c, but the inquisition is too faded to be made out consecutively.
Inq. p.m., 3 Edw. I, No. 42.